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Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.
The working paper series on international investment – including policies and trends and the broader implications of multinational enterprise – makes available selected studies by the OECD Investment Committee, OECD Investment Division staff, or by outside consultants working on OECD Investment Committee projects.
English, PDF, 2,081kb
International investment agreements almost universally define their temporal validity and thus set conditions for States’ exit from these treaties. This study presents the results of the survey of language that determines the temporal validity of 2,061 bilateral investment agreements that the 55 economies participating in the OECD-hosted Freedom of Investment Roundtables have concluded with any other economy.
English, PDF, 848kb
Many investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) claims are by shareholders for so-called "reflective loss" incurred as a result of injury to “their” company. This paper (i) compares the wide acceptance of such claims in ISDS with their general prohibition in advanced systems of national corporate law; and (ii) analyses policy issues raised by such claims (e.g., risk of double recovery, high legal costs, injury to creditors, etc.).
English, PDF, 1,283kb
Many areas like Manisa suffer from a local lack of sophisticated demand in terms of expressed SME requirements. This leaves considerable scope for demand and supply side initiatives set within KOSGEB’s framework that will assist in shaping intervention and promoting a coherent approach to SME development.
This study documents the liberalisation of the FDI regime in Korea between 1990 and 2010 and examines how and why it came about. The paper focuses on the lessons can we draw from the Korean experience about how to achieve rapid and sustainable reforms.
Recent studies have shown that knowledge-based capital (KBC) is an important source of economic growth in many of the world’s advanced economies (much more so than R&D alone) and is positively correlated with real GDP per capita in a cross-section of these economies. This literature is still in its infancy and there is, as yet, no systematic discussion of KBC policy. This working paper makes an attempt to fill this gap.
English, PDF, 1,306kb
This paper examines China’s investment policy since the publication of the 2008 OECD Investment Policy Review of China and recommends that the Chinese government continue its efforts to liberalise and increase the transparency and predictability of the framework for both inward and outward FDI. OECD Working Papers on International Investment - No. 2013/1.
OECD Tourism Papers Series
English, PDF, 1,078kb
Governments are facing an increasing number of arbitration claims by foreign investors relating to important public policies or seeking substantial damages, and many governments are taking a greater joint interest in how such cases are resolved in investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS). This scoping paper has supported inter-governmental dialogue about ISDS at several OECD-hosted investment Roundtable meetings.