• 20-May-2019


    OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Outlook 2019

    The new OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Outlook presents the latest trends in performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and provides a comprehensive overview of business conditions and policy frameworks for SMEs and entrepreneurs. This year’s edition provides comparative evidence on business dynamism, productivity growth, wage gaps and export trends by firm size across OECD countries and emerging economies. It explores the implications of digitalisation and globalisation for market conditions and SME access to strategic resources such as finance, skills, technology, data and other innovation assets. The report gives comparative analysis of regulatory frameworks and policies to enhance contributions by SMEs and entrepreneurs, and delivers a forward-looking perspective on the opportunities and challenges SMEs and entrepreneurs face in doing business and scaling up their activities. It also contains country profiles outlining the latest developments in national SME performance and business conditions, with expanded country profiles available on line.
  • 14-May-2019


    Structural adjustment, mass lay-offs and employment reallocation

    This report provides an analysis of the incidence and determinants of mass lay-offs, controlling for the dynamics of overall employment. This in turn allows for the identification of specific policy factors that are linked to the phenomenon. The paper also investigates the re-employability prospects of workers in sectors at high risk.

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  • 11-May-2019


    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Japan

    In Japan, agriculture has been treated differently from other parts of the national economy. However, policy needs to evolve with new agricultural structures and the global trend towards more integrated value chains, enabling innovation and entrepreneurship in agriculture, and imposing a greater environmental responsibility on producers. Modern agriculture is a technology- and data-intensive industry, and Japan is well-positioned to introduce its competitive technology and skills to agriculture through building more collaborative agricultural innovation system.
  • 10-May-2019


    Counterfeiting and Piracy and the Swedish Economy - Making Sure "Made in Sweden" Always Is

    The Swedish economy is innovative and rich in intellectual property (IP), with nearly every industry either producing or using IP. Swedish innovative industries are also export-dependent and very deeply integrated in the global economy, through active participation in global value chains. At the same time, the threats of counterfeiting and piracy are growing – and Sweden is vulnerable. This report measures the direct economic effects of counterfeiting on Swedish industry, government and consumers. It examines both the impact of the imports of fake products to Sweden and – more importantly – the impact of the global trade in fake products that infringe on the IP rights of Swedish innovative companies.
  • 6-May-2019


    SME Policy Index: Western Balkans and Turkey 2019 - Assessing the Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe

    Robust SME sectors are critical to the prosperity of the six Western Balkan economies and Turkey, accounting for over 70% of those employed in the business sector and generating 65% of value added in these seven economies. Yet their potential remains untapped, as SMEs across the region grapple with numerous challenges that hamper their growth and productivity. They are still under-represented in international trade, and their contributions to value-added remain comparatively low as they have difficulties in moving or expanding into high value-added activities. This report provides a comprehensive overview of the implementation of the ten principles of the Small Business Act for Europe (SBA) in the seven EU pre-accession economies over the period 2016-18. It monitors progress against similar assessments performed over the past decade and identifies the outstanding challenges affecting SMEs. It also provides targeted recommendations to remove barriers to SME development and unleashing their potential for driving inclusive economic growth.
  • 3-May-2019


    Liberalisation of Air Transport

    Aviation is one of the most regulated industries in the world. Much of this regulation is safety-related, to mitigate the inherent risks tied with air transport. But aviation is also subject to economic regulation that influences which airline flies which route, at which frequency, capacity and price. It even stipulates the nationality of its owners and decision makers. Aviation has freed itself from some restrictions over the past three decades, with many benefits to society. Yet liberalisation has also raised issues with regard to maintaining fair competition, high labour standards and mitigating aviation’s growing environmental impact.
  • 2-May-2019

    Spanish, PDF, 1,175kb

    FDI in Figures April 2019 Latin America (Spanish)

    29/04/2019- Los flujos de IED hacia los principales países de Latinoamérica y Caribe (LAC) experimentaron en 2018 una caída menor que en el mundo y que en la OCDE, de 6%, a USD 137 billones. Este fue el segundo nivel más bajo desde 2009, en el peor momento de la crisis.

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  • 29-April-2019

    English, PDF, 1,202kb

    FDI in Figures-April 2019 Latin America (English)

    29/04/2019 - FDI flows to major Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries fell less than at the global and OECD levels in 2018, by 6% to USD 137 billion. This was the second-lowest level recorded since 2009, at the height of the financial crisis.

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  • 29-April-2019


    OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators 2019

    This report presents a comprehensive overview of recent and longer-term trends in productivity levels and growth in OECD countries, accession countries, key partners and some G20 countries. An introductory chapter features an analysis of latest developments in productivity, employment and wages.
  • 29-April-2019

    English, PDF, 1,560kb

    FDI in Figures, April 2019

    29/04/2019 – In 2018, global FDI flows decreased by 27% compared to 2017, to USD 1 097 billion. This represents 1.3% of global GDP, the lowest level since 1999. The drop was largely due to the 2017 US tax reform which prompted US parent companies to repatriate large amounts of earnings held at foreign affiliates.

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