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Reports


  • 29-April-2019

    English

    OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators 2019

    This report presents a comprehensive overview of recent and longer-term trends in productivity levels and growth in OECD countries, accession countries, key partners and some G20 countries. An introductory chapter features an analysis of latest developments in productivity, employment and wages.
  • 29-April-2019

    English, PDF, 1,560kb

    FDI in Figures, April 2019

    29/04/2019 – In 2018, global FDI flows decreased by 27% compared to 2017, to USD 1 097 billion. This represents 1.3% of global GDP, the lowest level since 1999. The drop was largely due to the 2017 US tax reform which prompted US parent companies to repatriate large amounts of earnings held at foreign affiliates.

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  • 25-April-2019

    English

    The role of trade, FDI and strategic partnerships in global value chains

    25/04/2019-Global value chains (GVCs) have sharpened the interdependencies between trade and foreign direct investment (FDI). Using a novel micro-level dataset covering about 27 000 corporate relationships of 147 multinational enterprises (MNEs) in 13 sectors, new evidence is provided on how firms organise their production globally by combining trade with investment, and on a range of non-equity, contract-based partnerships.

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  • 24-April-2019

    English

    Latin America and the Caribbean 2019 - Policies for Competitive SMEs in the Pacific Alliance and Participating South American countries

    The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool that assists emerging economies in monitoring and evaluating progress in policies that support small and medium-sized enterprises. This first application of the Index methodology in the Latin American and Caribbean region covers the four Pacific Alliance member countries (Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru) and three participating South American countries (Argentina, Ecuador, Uruguay). Divided into seven policy dimensions, this report assesses the strengths and weaknesses that exist in different areas of SME policy design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation, and provides guidance to policy makers in identifying policy areas for future reform according to international good practices. This report is a joint effort between the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF) and the OECD through its Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Programme (LACRP), in co-operation with the Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA) and the 'Foundation for the Strategic Analysis and Development of the SME' (FAEDPYME).
  • 15-April-2019

    English

    The contribution of international business investment to the Sustainable Development Goals

    The Addis Ababa Action Agenda recognises domestic and international private business as critical for the achievement of the SDGs. The OECD advises governments and business on actions they can take to ensure that these and other important development benefits of private business investment are fully realised.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2019 - An OECD Scoreboard

    Sufficient and affordable access to different sources of finance is crucial to allow SMEs and entrepreneurs to reach their full potential. The 8th edition of the Scoreboard on SME and Entrepreneurship Finance report provides data from 46 countries around the world on debt finance, alternative finance instruments and financing conditions, as well as information on policy initiatives to improve their access to finance.In 2017, SME bank credit increased at a modest pace in many countries and declined in some others, in the context of broadly positive macroeconomic conditions, improvements in the business environment and accommodative credit conditions. In contrast, volumes were generally up for most other sources of finance relevant for SMEs and entrepreneurs, such as leasing, factoring, online alternative finance, and venture capital investments. At the same time, a growing share of SMEs relied on self-financing for their investment needs and cash flow requirements in 2017.The thematic chapter of this publication investigates the potential for SMEs to leverage their intangible assets to access external finance, especially debt.
  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Local content requirements and their economic effect on shipbuilding: A quantitative assessment

    This study analyses two specific local content policies affecting directly or indirectly the shipbuilding industry in two countries: Brazil’s local content requirement as part of national concession contracts in the oil and gas sector, and the long-standing US Jones Act obliging intra-US seaborne trade to be conducted on US-built and US-flagged vessels.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Ship recycling: An overview

    This report includes an overview of the ship recycling market with descriptive statistics on the determinants for the decision of ship-owners to demolish vessels, and elaborating on the main market players and the economics of ship recycling.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    An analysis of market-distorting factors in shipbuilding: The role of government interventions

    This report analyses market-distorting factors in the shipbuilding industry with a focus on government interventions. It argues that such interventions in this cyclical industry do more harm than good by exacerbating and prolonging economic downturns through two channels and seeks to provide policy makers with a better understanding of how different factors can contribute to excess capacity.

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  • 11-April-2019

    English

    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Latvia

    Latvia, a member of the European Union since 2004, is a small, dynamic and open economy that has successfully transitioned from central planning to a market economy. The reforms undertaken have driven progress, although from generally low levels and at a slower pace in agriculture than for the economy as a whole. This report examines the conditions under which farms and businesses in the food and agriculture sector in Latvia undertake innovation to become more productive and environmentally sustainable. It identifies opportunities as well as challenges that need to be addressed. These include economy wide skills shortage, emigration and population decline and urban concentration of population and services. At the sectoral level, these include the use of agricultural payments to support a large number of non-commercial farms and the high level of unpaid farm labour. To meet these challenges, agricultural innovation can be harnessed to improve the sector’s productivity, as well as the sustainability and efficiency of the food system. This report provides a series of recommendations that should allow agricultural policies to contribute to a well-functioning innovation system that can meet the challenges that lie ahead.
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