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Reports


  • 6-May-2019

    English

    SME Policy Index: Western Balkans and Turkey 2019 - Assessing the Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe

    Robust SME sectors are critical to the prosperity of the six Western Balkan economies and Turkey, accounting for over 70% of those employed in the business sector and generating 65% of value added in these seven economies. Yet their potential remains untapped, as SMEs across the region grapple with numerous challenges that hamper their growth and productivity. They are still under-represented in international trade, and their contributions to value-added remain comparatively low as they have difficulties in moving or expanding into high value-added activities.This report provides a comprehensive overview of the implementation of the ten principles of the Small Business Act for Europe (SBA) in the seven EU pre-accession economies over the period 2016-18. It monitors progress against similar assessments performed over the past decade and identifies the outstanding challenges affecting SMEs. It also provides targeted recommendations to remove barriers to SME development and unleashing their potential for driving inclusive economic growth.
  • 3-May-2019

    English

    Liberalisation of Air Transport

    Aviation is one of the most regulated industries in the world. Much of this regulation is safety-related, to mitigate the inherent risks tied with air transport. But aviation is also subject to economic regulation that influences which airline flies which route, at which frequency, capacity and price. It even stipulates the nationality of its owners and decision makers. Aviation has freed itself from some restrictions over the past three decades, with many benefits to society. Yet liberalisation has also raised issues with regard to maintaining fair competition, high labour standards and mitigating aviation’s growing environmental impact.
  • 2-May-2019

    Spanish, PDF, 1,175kb

    FDI in Figures April 2019 Latin America (Spanish)

    29/04/2019- Los flujos de IED hacia los principales países de Latinoamérica y Caribe (LAC) experimentaron en 2018 una caída menor que en el mundo y que en la OCDE, de 6%, a USD 137 billones. Este fue el segundo nivel más bajo desde 2009, en el peor momento de la crisis.

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  • 29-April-2019

    English, PDF, 1,202kb

    FDI in Figures-April 2019 Latin America (English)

    29/04/2019 - FDI flows to major Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries fell less than at the global and OECD levels in 2018, by 6% to USD 137 billion. This was the second-lowest level recorded since 2009, at the height of the financial crisis.

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  • 29-April-2019

    English

    OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators 2019

    This report presents a comprehensive overview of recent and longer-term trends in productivity levels and growth in OECD countries, accession countries, key partners and some G20 countries. An introductory chapter features an analysis of latest developments in productivity, employment and wages.
  • 29-April-2019

    English, PDF, 1,560kb

    FDI in Figures, April 2019

    29/04/2019 – In 2018, global FDI flows decreased by 27% compared to 2017, to USD 1 097 billion. This represents 1.3% of global GDP, the lowest level since 1999. The drop was largely due to the 2017 US tax reform which prompted US parent companies to repatriate large amounts of earnings held at foreign affiliates.

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  • 25-April-2019

    English

    The role of trade, FDI and strategic partnerships in global value chains

    25/04/2019-Global value chains (GVCs) have sharpened the interdependencies between trade and foreign direct investment (FDI). Using a novel micro-level dataset covering about 27 000 corporate relationships of 147 multinational enterprises (MNEs) in 13 sectors, new evidence is provided on how firms organise their production globally by combining trade with investment, and on a range of non-equity, contract-based partnerships.

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  • 24-April-2019

    English

    Latin America and the Caribbean 2019 - Policies for Competitive SMEs in the Pacific Alliance and Participating South American countries

    The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool that assists emerging economies in monitoring and evaluating progress in policies that support small and medium-sized enterprises. This first application of the Index methodology in the Latin American and Caribbean region covers the four Pacific Alliance member countries (Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru) and three participating South American countries (Argentina, Ecuador, Uruguay). Divided into seven policy dimensions, this report assesses the strengths and weaknesses that exist in different areas of SME policy design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation, and provides guidance to policy makers in identifying policy areas for future reform according to international good practices. This report is a joint effort between the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF) and the OECD through its Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Programme (LACRP), in co-operation with the Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA) and the 'Foundation for the Strategic Analysis and Development of the SME' (FAEDPYME).
  • 15-April-2019

    English

    Business investment and the Sustainable Development Goals

    The Addis Ababa Action Agenda recognises domestic and international private business as critical for the achievement of the SDGs. The OECD advises governments and business on actions they can take to ensure that these and other important development benefits of private business investment are fully realised.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2019 - An OECD Scoreboard

    Sufficient and affordable access to different sources of finance is crucial to allow SMEs and entrepreneurs to reach their full potential. The 8th edition of the Scoreboard on SME and Entrepreneurship Finance report provides data from 46 countries around the world on debt finance, alternative finance instruments and financing conditions, as well as information on policy initiatives to improve their access to finance.In 2017, SME bank credit increased at a modest pace in many countries and declined in some others, in the context of broadly positive macroeconomic conditions, improvements in the business environment and accommodative credit conditions. In contrast, volumes were generally up for most other sources of finance relevant for SMEs and entrepreneurs, such as leasing, factoring, online alternative finance, and venture capital investments. At the same time, a growing share of SMEs relied on self-financing for their investment needs and cash flow requirements in 2017.The thematic chapter of this publication investigates the potential for SMEs to leverage their intangible assets to access external finance, especially debt.
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