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Reports


  • 15-May-2020

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    Acquisition- and ownership-related policies to safeguard essential security interests - Current and emerging trends, observed designs, and policy practice in 62 economies

    15/05/2020 - The present note is a preliminary summary of research carried out on acquisition- and ownership-related policies put in place to safeguard countries’ essential security interests.

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  • 15-May-2020

    English

    Investment policies related to national security and public order

    While foreign investment supports growth and development, creates jobs and enhances welfare, it carries a potential risk for the host country’s national security or public order. This is why international instruments and agreements recognise countries’ rights to manage such risks.

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  • 13-May-2020

    English

    Start-ups and COVID-19: Facing the challenges, seizing the opportunities

    Start-ups play a key role in OECD countries in terms of job creation, innovation, and long-run growth, but the COVID-19 crisis is reducing their creation, challenging their survival, and limiting their growth.

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  • 30-April-2020

    English, PDF, 1,549kb

    FDI in Figures, April 2020

    30/04/2020 - Global FDI increased in 2019 but was still struggling when COVID-19 hit. Despite an increase of 12% in 2019 to USD 1 426 billion, global FDI flows remained below levels recorded between 2010 and 2017. Compared to 2017, FDI flows decreased by 15%, continuing the downward trend observed since 2015.

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  • 27-April-2020

    English

    SME and Entrepreneurship Policy in Brazil 2020

    This publication presents the findings of the OECD review of SME and entrepreneurship policy in Brazil. SMEs play an important role for economic growth and social inclusion in Brazil, accounting for 62% of total employment and 50% of national value added. However, productivity gaps between SMEs and large companies are wider in Brazil than in the OECD area, which is also the result of low innovation and export propensity among Brazilian SMEs. Business ownership and business creation are common, but growth-oriented entrepreneurship is much less widespread. Brazil’s SME policy is enshrined in the 1988 Federal Constitution, which grants to micro and small enterprises a preferential treatment in different policy areas (e.g. tax and labour law). Brazilian SME policies are, therefore, mostly aimed at this constituency, whereas mid-sized firms are largely missing in the national policy debate. Simples Nacional, a preferential tax and regulatory regime, is the main federal SME policy, but Brazil also operates a large number of targeted programmes for SMEs. This report provides policy recommendations to enhance Brazil’s SME and entrepreneurship performance, covering, among others, innovation policy, export support, access to finance, and women’s entrepreneurship.
  • 22-April-2020

    English

    Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2020 - An OECD Scoreboard

    Sufficient and affordable access to different sources of finance is crucial to enable SMEs and entrepreneurs to contribute to inclusive growth. The 9th edition of the Scoreboard on Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs provides data from 48 countries around the world on SME lending, alternative finance instruments and financing conditions, as well as information on policy initiatives to improve SME access to finance. Lending conditions remained broadly favourable in the run-up to the COVID-19 outbreak, despite some early signals of tightening. Nevertheless, SME bank credit increased only at a modest pace in many countries and declined in some others in 2018. At the same time, the take-up by SMEs of other sources of finance, including leasing and factoring, equity crowdfunding and venture capital investments expanded significantly, suggesting that SMEs are increasingly turning to a combination of instruments. The thematic chapter provides an overview of the evolution of SME financing policies over the last decade, from the immediate post-crisis period and the early recovery years, to the most recent policy trends.
  • 22-April-2020

    English

    El COVID-19 y la Conducta Empresarial Responsable

    La crisis de COVID-19 ha impactado la economía, las personas y el planeta. La adopción de un enfoque de conducta empresarial responsable en las respuestas gubernamentales y empresariales frente a la crisis, generará beneficios a corto y largo plazo, como una mayor capacidad de recuperación, una distribución más justa e inclusiva de los beneficios de las medidas de recuperación y una contribución más fuerte al desarrollo sostenible.

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  • 16-April-2020

    English

    COVID-19 and Responsible Business Conduct

    This reviews the challenges the coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis presents for business behaviour and outlines initial responses by governments and companies. It describes the rationale and method for adopting a responsible business conduct approach to address the crisis and sets down the potential short-term and long-term benefits of such an approach.

  • 10-April-2020

    English

    OECD Skills Strategy Slovak Republic - Assessment and Recommendations

    Skills are the key to shaping a better future and central to the capacity of countries and people to thrive in an increasingly interconnected and rapidly changing world. Megatrends such as globalisation, technological advances and demographic change are reshaping work and society, generating a growing demand for higher levels and new sets of skills. OECD Skills Strategy projects provide a strategic and comprehensive approach to assess countries’ skills challenges and opportunities and help them build more effective skills systems. The OECD works collaboratively with countries to develop policy responses that are tailored to each country’s specific skills needs. The foundation of this approach is the OECD Skills Strategy Framework, which allows for an exploration of what countries can do better to 1) develop relevant skills over the life course; 2) use skills effectively in work and in society; and 3) strengthen the governance of the skills system. This report, 'OECD Skills Strategy Slovak Republic: Assessment and Recommendations', identifies opportunities and makes recommendations to strengthen the skills of youth, reduce skills imbalances, foster greater participation in adult learning and strengthen the use of skills in the workplace.
  • 2-April-2020

    English

    Foreign Direct Investment Statistics Review Series

    FDI statistics can be an important input for evaluating the impact of reforms to improve the investment climate in countries. To support informed policy-making, the OECD has undertaken reviews of country’s compilation of FDI statistics.

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