This publication explores the success of major innovation and entrepreneurship clusters in OECD countries, the challenges they now face in sustaining their positions and the lessons for other places seeking to build successful clusters. What are the key factors for cluster success? What problems are emerging on the horizon? Which is the appropriate role of the public sector in supporting the expansion of clusters and overcoming the obstacles?
The book addresses these and other issues, analysing seven internationally reputed clusters in depth: Grenoble in France, Vienna in Austria, Waterloo in Canada, Dunedin in New Zealand, Medicon Valley in Scandinavia, Oxfordshire in the United Kingdom, and Madison, Wisconsin, in the United States. For each cluster, it looks at the factors that have contributed to its growth, the impact of the cluster on local entrepreneurship performance, and the challenges faced for further expansion. It also puts forward a set of policy recommendations geared to the broader context of cluster development.
This publication is essential reading for policy makers, practitioners and academics wishing to obtain good practices in cluster development and guidance on how to enhance the economic impact of clusters.
The impact of the global crisis on SMEs and entrepreneurs’ access to finance and present strategies so far adopted by governments to deal with the problem is analysed in this report.
English, , 968kb
As part of the Freedom of Investment (FOI) project, the OECD keeps track of investment policy developments. This report provides policy information collected under the FOI project and covers all economies invited to the Trade and Investment session of the 2009 OECD Ministerial Meeting. All governments covered in the report had an opportunity to comment, as well as WTO, UNCTAD and IMF.
English, , 643kb
The OECD Working Party on SMEs and Entrepreneurship carried out a study to provide guidelines for evaluating programs with the aim to strengthen the culture of evaluation within entrepreneurship education.
English, , 600kb
Building a workable framework for international investment policy requires developing a mutually-understood vocabulary for key policy terms. This fact-finding study, prepared in support of discussions at a March 2009 “Freedom of Investment” Roundtable hosted at the OECD, explores the meaning of three terms – essential security interests, public order and national security – that are used frequently in international policy dialogue,
English, , 414kb
This report provides practical reference regarding the options available to those (in industry, academia, or government) who wish to strengthen links between academic mathematics and industry.
English, , 309kb
The present crisis, the deepest and most widespread in our lifetimes, is causing economic hardship worldwide. This paper reviews the experience of earlier crises – whether national, international or sectoral – to understand better both the nature of the various investment policy responses and their implications for international investment and long-term sustainable growth. These policy responses are then compared with recent measures
English, , 222kb
At the 10th roundtable on Freedom of Investment on 26 March, OECD and non-OECD governments reviewed recent policy measures and found no trend to date towards protectionism. They issued a report on building trust and confidence in international investment, that calls for renewed vigilance in resisting protectionist pressures and continued peer monitoring at the OECD. This report is intended for OECD and non-OECD Ministers at the
English, , 388kb
As a global economic crisis risks becoming a crisis of globalisation, this policy brief looks at the recent performance of trade and FDI, protectionist risks, appropriate policies and the role of the OECD.
This publication reports on steelmaking capacity on an economy-by-economy, plant or project basis and likely changes up to 2010.