The markets for goods and services have undergone significant changes over the past 20 years. Regulatory reform, global markets, new technologies and growth in the role of services in economic activity have driven the changes which, in many instances, have provided significant benefits to consumers. Relatively little attention has been paid to the challenges these developments have posed for consumers. More choice and more complexity in many markets have made it increasingly difficult for them to compare and assess the value of products and services. The challenges for consumers have raised similar challenges for the government authorities responsible for protecting them from unfair commercial practices and fraud.
This book examines how markets have evolved and provides insights for improved consumer policy making. It explores, for the first time, how what we have learned through the study of behavioural economics is changing the way policy makers are addressing problems.
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G20 Leaders have committed to forego protectionism and have requested public reports on their adherence to this commitment. The third report by OECD and UNCTAD on investment and investment-related measures covers the period from November 2009 to May 2010.
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G20 Leaders have committed to forego protectionism and have requested public reports on their adherence to this commitment. This third joint report by OECD, UNCTAD and WTO on G20 trade and investment measures covers the period from 1 November 2009 until mid-May 2010.
The 2009 edition of the annual report focuses on consumer empowerment and responsible business conduct as well as providing an account of the actions adhering governments have taken over the 12 months to June 2009.
Measuring Innovation: A New Perspective presents new measures and new ways of looking at traditional indicators. It builds on 50 years of indicator development by OECD and goes beyond R&D to describe the broader context in which innovation occurs. It includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest. It highlights measurement gaps and proposes directions for advancing the measurement agenda.
This publication begins by describing innovation today. It looks at what is driving innovation in firms, and how the scientific and research landscape is being reconfigured by convergence, interdisciplinarity and the new geography of innovation hot spots. It presents broader measures of innovation, for example using new indicators of investment in intangible assets and trademarks.
Human capital is the basic input of innovation, and a series of indicators looks at how well education systems are contributing to the knowledge and research bases. Further series examine how firms transform skills and knowledge, and shed light on the different roles of public and private investment in fostering innovation and reaping its rewards, with concrete examples from major global challenges such as health and climate change.
Measuring Innovation is a major step towards evidence-based innovation policy making. It complements traditional “positioning”-type indicators with ones that show how innovation is, or could be, linked to policy. It also recognises that much more remains to be done, and points to the measurement challenges statisticians, researchers and policy makers alike need to address.
Small firms are playing an ever-increasing role in innovation, driven by changes in technologies and markets. Some spin-offs and high growth firms are having remarkable success. However, the broad bulk of small firms are not capitalising on their advantages. This book explores how government policy can boost innovation by improving the environment for entrepreneurship and small firm development and increasing the innovative capacities of enterprises. Policy findings and recommendations are presented in three key areas: embedding firms in knowledge flows; developing entrepreneurship skills; and social entrepreneurship. In addition, country notes present statistics and policy data on SMEs, entrepreneurship and innovation for 40 economies, including OECD countries, Brazil, China, Estonia, Indonesia, Israel, the Russian Federation, Slovenia and South Africa.
SMEs, Entrepreneurship and Innovation is part of the OECD Innovation Strategy, a comprehensive policy strategy to harness innovation for stronger and more sustainable growth and development, and to address the key global challenges of the 21st century. For more information about the OECD Innovation Strategy, see www.oecd.org/innovation/strategy.
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This report presents the results of a fact finding survey on how governments seek to establish the identity of foreign investors, with a particular focus on transsectoral, security-related investment reviews. It was prepared for the OECD Freedom of Investment Roundtable to facilitate discussion of the issues by Roundtable participants.
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Cross-border investment in agricultural production and farmland is not a new phenomenon, but it is growing in importance. This report reviews international initiatives for promoting responsible investment in agriculture and explores what contribution, if any, OECD investment instruments could make to these initiatives. This paper was commissioned for the OECD Freedom of Investment Roundtable to facilitate discussion of the issues by
This report examines the relationship between SMEs' management of intellectual assets, innovation and competitiveness.
This publication examines how governments can boost innovation by improving environments for enterprise creation and innovation in SMEs and strengthening the capabilities of entrepreneurs and SMEs.