Innovation has become a key factor for economic growth, but how does the process take place at the level of individual firms? This book presents the main results of the OECD Innovation Microdata Project -- the first large-scale effort to exploit firm-level data from innovation surveys across 20 countries in an internationally harmonised way, with a view to addressing common analytical questions. Through the use of common indicators and econometric modeling, this analytical report presents a broad overview of how firms innovate in different countries, highlights some of the limitations of current innovation surveys, and identifies directions for future research.
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These papers on taxation for investment and development in Africa, private participation in energy infrastructure in Africa, deepening African financial markets for growth and investment and boosting Africa’s energy sector through carbon finance were prepared for the NEPAD-OECD meeting in Johannesburg on 11-12 November 2009.
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The “Freedom of Investment" process hosted by the OECD Investment Committee has stepped up monitoring of investment policy developments and will be issuing reports on investment measures throughout 2010. This report was prepared for the 11th Freedom of Investment Roundtable held in October 2009.
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This document reproduces the Report by the Chair of the Annual Meeting of the National Contact Points which was held in June 2009. It provides an account of the actions taken by adhering governments in the 12 months to June 2009 to enhance the contribution of the Guidelines to the improved functioning of the global economy.
The OECD's Guidelines for dealing with commercial transactions between different parts of a multinational group.
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This report provides a brief overview of recent trends in global trade and investment flows, deals with trade and trade-related measures and investment and investment-related measures. It was prepared in response to the request of the G20 to the WTO, together with other international bodies, within their respective mandates, to monitor and report publicly on G20 adherence to undertakings on "resisting protectionism and promoting
This book studies the infringement of copyrighted content (such as music, films, software, broadcasting, books, etc.) where the end product does not involve the use of hard media, such as CDs and DVDs.
This report examines the impact of the global economic downturn on the long-term competitiveness of the automotive and construction sectors and explores the role of government policy in generating restructuring and renewal.
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This report reviews drivers of and barriers to internationalisation of SMEs and offers deeper understanding of the measures aimed at addressing top barriers.
This publication explores the success of major innovation and entrepreneurship clusters in OECD countries, the challenges they now face in sustaining their positions and the lessons for other places seeking to build successful clusters. What are the key factors for cluster success? What problems are emerging on the horizon? Which is the appropriate role of the public sector in supporting the expansion of clusters and overcoming the obstacles?
The book addresses these and other issues, analysing seven internationally reputed clusters in depth: Grenoble in France, Vienna in Austria, Waterloo in Canada, Dunedin in New Zealand, Medicon Valley in Scandinavia, Oxfordshire in the United Kingdom, and Madison, Wisconsin, in the United States. For each cluster, it looks at the factors that have contributed to its growth, the impact of the cluster on local entrepreneurship performance, and the challenges faced for further expansion. It also puts forward a set of policy recommendations geared to the broader context of cluster development.
This publication is essential reading for policy makers, practitioners and academics wishing to obtain good practices in cluster development and guidance on how to enhance the economic impact of clusters.