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This is a consolidated report covering investment measures taken between 15 February 2008 and 15 February 2013. The present report was prepared for the Freedom of Investment Roundtable 19 held on 15 October 2013.
This paper highlights the growth in support for financial instruments for seed and early-stage firms across OECD countries. These instruments include grants, loans and guarantee schemes, tax incentives and equity funds. This increased support is linked to the recent financial crisis and the growing concern about young firms’ access to finance.
The STI Scoreboard analyses the major trends in knowledge and innovation in today’s global economy. With over 250 indicators it presents a policy-oriented review of science, technology, innovation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD economies.
In many OECD countries, investment in intangible assets is growing rapidly. In some cases this investment matches or exceeds investment in traditional capital such as machinery, equipment and buildings.
This investment policy review examines Costa Rica's achievements in developing an open and transparent investment regime and its efforts to reduce restrictions on international investment.
Chile has been very successful in turning its natural resource endowments into a generator of growth and modernisation. However, its mining regions, including Antofagasta, face the challenge of developing a critically important primary sector in a manner that contributes to both economic growth and broader measures of well-being. Antofagasta's long term sustainability goals include a more diversified economic base, supported by a city that is lived in for its high quality of life and the opportunities it offers. To achive this, it will need to make the most of its natural endowments, improve the city's physical attractiveness and ensure better urban policy outcomes. It will also require regional and local actors to act in a strategic and innovative manner. This study focuses on economic diversification, urbanism and governance in the city of Antofagasta. Consideration is given to: economic and socio-economic trends such as those associated with labour markets and skills, as well as quality of life factors; opportunities for specialisation, diversification and innovation within and beyond the mining cluster, including throught its port network; urban policy challenges especially in land use, waste management, environment and public transport; and to the role of public governance in helping the city realise its economic and quality of life objectives.
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OECD Ministers at their meeting in May 2013 agreed to take a comprehensive range of measures as set out in the OECD Action Plan for Youth. The first objective of these measures is to tackle the current situation of high youth unemployment and underemployment. The second objective is to produce better outcomes for youth in the longer run by equipping them with relevant skills and removing barriers to their employment.
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Prepared for the 2013 G20 Summit in Saint Petersburg, this joint OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report analyses the functioning of global value chains and their relationship with trade and investment flows, development and jobs.
Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America's innovation strategies. Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region analyses the role of policies in promoting the creation and expansion of start-ups. It provides a comparative snapshot of recent initiatives in six countries in the region to identify good practices and foster knowledge sharing to improve innovation policy design and implementation.
This Competitiveness Outlook examines the key policies that would increase competitiveness in Central Asia. Accompanying Policy Handbooks outline practical steps to help policymakers improve the business climate.