English, PDF, 342kb
Hungarian youth are less active in entrepreneurship than young people in most other OECD countries. In 2014, 2.5% of all youth aged 15-24 were self-employed, which is below the European Union average of 4.2%. This gap can be explained by a negative attitude towards entrepreneurship and few perceived opportunities.
English, PDF, 345kb
Boosting the productivity and competitiveness of the economy would help Costa Rica to progress further and take full advantage of its integration into GVCs. Improving the competitiveness of services sectors is particularly pertinent.
English, PDF, 348kb
Business lending in Ireland has still not recovered to pre-crisis levels. Credit conditions remain tight, and interest rates high by Euro area standards, especially for small firms.
English, PDF, 640kb
Private investment is a powerful development enabler, however governments need sound policy frameworks to enhance its development benefits. This policy brief describes how, working with the OECD, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) has created the SADC Investment Policy Framework (IPF) which provides a roadmap for investment policy reform in five areas having a strong bearing on the investment climate in the region.
English, PDF, 732kb
The OECD programme on local economic and employment development (LEED) has advised governments and communities since 1982 on how to respond to economic change and tackle complex problems in a fast-changing world. Its mission is to contribute to the creation of more and better quality jobs through more effective policy implementation, innovative practices, stronger capacities and integrated strategies at the local level.
English, PDF, 1,361kb
Many spells in self-employment end within the first few years of business. This can be by choice to earn income in-between jobs, or it can be due to systematic barriers that prevent businesses from becoming sustainable. This Policy Brief was prepared by the LEED (Local Economic and Employment Development) Programme of the OECD with the financial support of the European Commission, D-G for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion.
English, PDF, 339kb
Seven years after the global financial crisis, lending to US small businesses is still below the precrisis levels and credit conditions remain tight for many of these firms. A more diversified set of options for SME financing should continue to be pursued to support long-term investment and reverse the trend decline in the number of start-ups.
English, PDF, 357kb
Infrastructure investment in Indonesia was seriously impaired by the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Indonesia plans to increase investment sharply through both public spending and private finance. Yet, Indonesia lacks suitable long-term investment vehicles and capital markets are still developing.
A series of short reports aimed at policy makers examine issues and policies instruments related to inclusive entrepreneurs policy. The key message of these briefs is that there is under-exploited potential among entrepreneurs from non-mainstream groups and that there are many examples of specially tailored policies that are successful in increasing participation that can serve as models for others.
English, PDF, 566kb
Exports increasingly rely on imports, that is to say intermediate goods and services. This means that they consequently rely on value added in the countries that manufacture inputs into their export goods and services. Trade in value added (TiVA) is an approach used to estimate a breakdown of the value added–by country and industry– to a good or service produced for export or consumed in the domestic economy.