English, PDF, 487kb
A recent OECD study investigates the characteristics of the least productive firms and reveals their potential for productivity growth.
The dramatic drop in demand for passenger air transport (and freight, to a lesser extent) due to COVID-19 and containment measures is threatening the viability of many firms in both the air transport sector and the rest of the aviation industry, with many jobs at stake. This brief looks how governments can help put aviation on a sustainable trajectory.
The COVID-19 crisis is affecting the international policy community. This page groups responses that can help guide the actions of governments and other actors in today's challenging times.
While more widespread telework in the longer run has the potential to improve productivity and a range of other economic and social indicators (worker well-being, gender equality, regional inequalities, housing, emissions), its overall impact is ambiguous and carries risks especially for innovation and worker satisfaction.
The economic upheaval resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic has led many governments to enhance their foreign investment screening mechanisms or introduce new ones. This reviews changes to investment screening policy practice and to the way governments and societies view the benefits and risks associated with foreign investment.
This brief recommends five policy measures that countries need to take for the benefit of firms, workers and customers to shield the retail sector from the effects of the crisis and increase its resilience.
Start-ups play a key role in OECD countries in terms of job creation, innovation, and long-run growth, but the COVID-19 crisis is reducing their creation, challenging their survival, and limiting their growth.
This note considers the implications and challenges for international investment and offers initial responses from the OECD investment policy community as economies around the world address the crisis and prepare for the recovery.
Italian, PDF, 1,273kb
Considerato che solo una minima parte delle nuove imprese riesce a svilupparsi, i decisori pubblici si trovano di fronte a un'alternativa: concentrarsi sulle imprese che presentano un alto potenziale di innovazione, o favorire la sperimentazione e semplificare sia l'ingresso che l'uscita delle imprese dal mercato. Lo "Startup Act" combina i due approcci con un mix eclettico di strumenti di policy.
English, PDF, 1,365kb
As only a tiny proportion of new firms eventually grow, policy makers face two alternatives: target specific firms predicted to be highly innovative in the future, or foster experimentation among firms and streamline both entry and exit. The Italian "Start-Up Act" combines these two approaches with an eclectic mix of policy tools.