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Publications & Documents


  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Ship recycling: An overview

    This report includes an overview of the ship recycling market with descriptive statistics on the determinants for the decision of ship-owners to demolish vessels, and elaborating on the main market players and the economics of ship recycling.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    An analysis of market-distorting factors in shipbuilding: The role of government interventions

    This report analyses market-distorting factors in the shipbuilding industry with a focus on government interventions. It argues that such interventions in this cyclical industry do more harm than good by exacerbating and prolonging economic downturns through two channels and seeks to provide policy makers with a better understanding of how different factors can contribute to excess capacity.

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  • 11-April-2019

    English

    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Latvia

    Latvia, a member of the European Union since 2004, is a small, dynamic and open economy that has successfully transitioned from central planning to a market economy. The reforms undertaken have driven progress, although from generally low levels and at a slower pace in agriculture than for the economy as a whole. This report examines the conditions under which farms and businesses in the food and agriculture sector in Latvia undertake innovation to become more productive and environmentally sustainable. It identifies opportunities as well as challenges that need to be addressed. These include economy wide skills shortage, emigration and population decline and urban concentration of population and services. At the sectoral level, these include the use of agricultural payments to support a large number of non-commercial farms and the high level of unpaid farm labour. To meet these challenges, agricultural innovation can be harnessed to improve the sector’s productivity, as well as the sustainability and efficiency of the food system. This report provides a series of recommendations that should allow agricultural policies to contribute to a well-functioning innovation system that can meet the challenges that lie ahead.
  • 9-April-2019

    English, PDF, 1,173kb

    The contribution of international business investment to the Sustainable Development Goals: Key actors and recent trends

    This paper synthesises research on business investment, the Sustainable Development Goals, and recent investment trends in developing countries. It is a contribution to the OECD initiative on the Global Outlook on Financing for Sustainable Development.

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  • 5-April-2019

    English

    Carbon dioxide emissions embodied in international trade

    The international transfer effect of CO2 emissions are measured using the latest OECD Input-Output Tables, bilateral trade in goods and services, and energy statistics.

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  • 5-April-2019

    English

    Science-industry knowledge exchange: A mapping of policy instruments and their interactions

    Countries deploy a variety of policy instruments to promote science-industry knowledge exchange. While these instruments are often discussed in isolation, they are implemented collectively and may negatively affect each other or add excessive complexity. This paper develops a conceptual framework to map policy instruments for knowledge exchange and assess interactions.

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  • 5-April-2019

    English

    Bits and bolts: The digital transformation and manufacturing

    This paper presents a framework for measuring the digital transformation of manufacturing industries, and maps the impact of digital technologies across these several dimensions: firm productivity growth, business dynamism, industry concentration, firm mark-ups and mergers and acquisition activity.

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  • 4-April-2019

    English

    Women and Trade Networks in West Africa

    Women make a significant contribution to West Africa's food economy, perpetuating a long tradition of commerce and participating in cross-border trade and regional outreach. Their activities face numerous obstacles but also present important opportunities, highlighted in this report through an unprecedented relational and spatial analysis of social networks. The study focuses on the rice sector in the Dendi region (Benin, Niger and Nigeria) and on the regional governance networks that support women's entrepreneurship. It confirms that Nigeria occupies a privileged position due to its demographics and growing urbanisation. The report proposes the development of innovative public policies based on the reinforcement of the social capital of women and policy approaches that promote better integration of the initiatives undertaken by governments, international and non-governmental organisations to empower women and strengthen their resilience.
  • 3-April-2019

    English

    Business Models for the Circular Economy - Opportunities and Challenges for Policy

    Natural resources, and the materials derived from them, represent the physical basis for the economic system. Recent decades have witnessed an unprecedented growth in demand for these resources, which has triggered interest from policy makers in transitioning to a more resource efficient and circular economy. This report presents a typology of five circular business models that could support the transition to a more resource efficient and circular economy: circular supply, resource recovery, product life extension, sharing, and product service system models. It reviews the current market penetration and assesses the potential scalability of each business model. Environmental potential is also discussed, as well as risks and unintended consequences that could result from a more widespread adoption of these business models. The report provides a broad set of policy approaches that could help alleviate some of the barriers that currently hinder the widespread adoption of circular business models.
  • 29-March-2019

    English

    Public research and innovative entrepreneurship: Preliminary cross-country evidence from micro data

    This paper provides a first assessment of the degree to which public research contributes to innovative entrepreneurship, using data on start-ups and venture capital.

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