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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Launch of the 2019 OECD Scoreboard on Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs

    This year’s edition of the Scoreboard – the eighth in our flagship series – evaluates debt, equity, asset-based finance, and conditions for SME and entrepreneurship finance in 46 countries. It also provides an assessment of recent SME-related policy developments.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2019 - An OECD Scoreboard

    Sufficient and affordable access to different sources of finance is crucial to allow SMEs and entrepreneurs to reach their full potential. The 8th edition of the Scoreboard on SME and Entrepreneurship Finance report provides data from 46 countries around the world on debt finance, alternative finance instruments and financing conditions, as well as information on policy initiatives to improve their access to finance.In 2017, SME bank credit increased at a modest pace in many countries and declined in some others, in the context of broadly positive macroeconomic conditions, improvements in the business environment and accommodative credit conditions. In contrast, volumes were generally up for most other sources of finance relevant for SMEs and entrepreneurs, such as leasing, factoring, online alternative finance, and venture capital investments. At the same time, a growing share of SMEs relied on self-financing for their investment needs and cash flow requirements in 2017.The thematic chapter of this publication investigates the potential for SMEs to leverage their intangible assets to access external finance, especially debt.
  • 12-April-2019

    English

    SMEs turning to alternative financing instruments as growth slows in bank lending

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are turning to non-bank financing sources at a faster pace than in the past, as bank lending to them has risen less than expected given today’s favourable credit conditions and business environment.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Local content requirements and their economic effect on shipbuilding: A quantitative assessment

    This study analyses two specific local content policies affecting directly or indirectly the shipbuilding industry in two countries: Brazil’s local content requirement as part of national concession contracts in the oil and gas sector, and the long-standing US Jones Act obliging intra-US seaborne trade to be conducted on US-built and US-flagged vessels.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Ship recycling: An overview

    This report includes an overview of the ship recycling market with descriptive statistics on the determinants for the decision of ship-owners to demolish vessels, and elaborating on the main market players and the economics of ship recycling.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    An analysis of market-distorting factors in shipbuilding: The role of government interventions

    This report analyses market-distorting factors in the shipbuilding industry with a focus on government interventions. It argues that such interventions in this cyclical industry do more harm than good by exacerbating and prolonging economic downturns through two channels and seeks to provide policy makers with a better understanding of how different factors can contribute to excess capacity.

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  • 11-April-2019

    English

    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Latvia

    Latvia, a member of the European Union since 2004, is a small, dynamic and open economy that has successfully transitioned from central planning to a market economy. The reforms undertaken have driven progress, although from generally low levels and at a slower pace in agriculture than for the economy as a whole. This report examines the conditions under which farms and businesses in the food and agriculture sector in Latvia undertake innovation to become more productive and environmentally sustainable. It identifies opportunities as well as challenges that need to be addressed. These include economy wide skills shortage, emigration and population decline and urban concentration of population and services. At the sectoral level, these include the use of agricultural payments to support a large number of non-commercial farms and the high level of unpaid farm labour. To meet these challenges, agricultural innovation can be harnessed to improve the sector’s productivity, as well as the sustainability and efficiency of the food system. This report provides a series of recommendations that should allow agricultural policies to contribute to a well-functioning innovation system that can meet the challenges that lie ahead.
  • 9-April-2019

    English, PDF, 1,173kb

    The contribution of international business investment to the Sustainable Development Goals: Key actors and recent trends

    This paper synthesises research on business investment, the Sustainable Development Goals, and recent investment trends in developing countries. It is a contribution to the OECD initiative on the Global Outlook on Financing for Sustainable Development.

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  • 8-April-2019

    English

    Review of the OECD Code of Liberalisation of Capital Movements

    For over 50 years, the Code has provided a balanced framework for countries to progressively remove unnecessary barriers to the movement of capital, while providing flexibility to cope with situations of economic and financial instability. In March 2016, adhering countries adopted terms of reference for a review of the Code with a view to strengthening it and ensuring its continued relevance.

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  • 5-April-2019

    English

    Carbon dioxide emissions embodied in international trade

    The international transfer effect of CO2 emissions are measured using the latest OECD Input-Output Tables, bilateral trade in goods and services, and energy statistics.

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