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English, , 211kb
What are the main issues and policy implications facing SMEs? This summary of a workshop held in Washington on their role in creating jobs, promoting economic growth and innovation, lays bare the major issues.
This paper aims at identifying common results and trends from national studies, as well as identifying "best practices" of analysis and data gathering, and thereby promoting international harmonisation of such analytical work.
English, , 8kb
SG/PRESS(95)65 - 27 September 1995: The OECD today launched high-level negotiations to develop a strong, comprehensive framework for international investment that will strengthen the multilateral system. A Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI) would provide high standards for the liberalisation of investment regimes and investment protection, with effective dispute settlement.
English, , 10,148kb
The United States has become the largest recipient of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the world ($60 billion in 1994). What are the policy implications? Has the openness of foreign markets to US firms affected FDI in the United States? What implications do US national security provisions have for foreign investors? These issues were examined during the last OECD FDI review of the United States and this publication presents the
English, , 5,274kb
Norway's accession to the European Economic Area has led to important liberalisation measures that help integrate it into Europe. Uniform procedures are now in place for reviewing investments notified by Norwegian and foreign investors alike. Restrictions on foreign acquisition of real estate have been largely eliminated. This report analyses trends and policies of foreign direct investment in Norway. While complimenting the Norwegian
English, , 5,602kb
Analysing trends and policies of foreign direct investment in Finland, this report concludes that national apprehension about it is now a thing of the past. In recent years, Finland has made considerable progress in removing discriminatory regulations against foreign investors. The desire to foster integration into the European Economic Area and the European Communities has boosted this process. No longer the outpost it once was,
English, , 4,420kb
Denmark's foreign direct investment (FDI) laws and regulations are generally characterised by openness and non-discrimination. However, FDI in Denmark remains low relative to other OECD countries of comparable size. The Danish government has focused its efforts on improving the general conditions for investment, reducing structural barriers to market access, and making the country better known to foreign investors. Significant headway
This paper was prepared by the OECD in order to provide an in-depth description of the new worldwide rules which will govern trade in services as of 1 January 1995.
English, , 4,334kb
Italy, which has progressively removed the obstacles to free movement of capital in the 1980s, has experienced substantial inflows of foreign direct investment. At the same time, Italian enterprises considerably reinforced their foreign presence. Under the combined effect of in- and outflow of direct investment, Italy strengthened economic ties with OECD countries, most particularly with partners in the European Union. This
This Introduction to the OECD Codes of Liberalisation was approved by the OECD Council in 1994 and published in 1995 as an OECD publication (out of print). The purpose of this Introduction is to contribute to a better understanding of the principles and procedures of the OECD Codes. It also provides detailed explanations of the coverage of the Codes and may therefore serve as a manual for Code users.