Guidelines for multinational enterprises

Implementing the OECD Due Diligence Guidance


We are working with partners and multiple stakeholders to ensure the widest possible dissemination of the Guidance and its active use by companies throughout the mineral supply chain (3Ts and gold), industry associations, financial institutions, and civil society organisations.  

Sign up for our webinars on sourcing gold responsibly from artisanal and small-scale mines

Implementing the Guidance

The implementation programme aims to promote responsible sourcing and trading of minerals (tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold) through dissemination, adoption and use of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance. These actions are ultimately expected to contribute to peace-building and stabilization efforts of and within mineral-rich fragile areas and to develop innovative approaches to promote responsible private sector engagement (and where appropriate the engagement of other stakeholders) in the minerals sector that would enable economic development, poverty alleviation and peaceful coexistence between large-scale mining companies and artisanal and small-scale communities, including through the creation of market opportunities for minerals from legitimate artisanal sources.

>> Read about progress to date in the programme work plan (pdf)

Gold Implementation Programme

The gold programme of activities, launched in May 2013, brings together key players across the gold supply chain, including OECD and partner countries, implementing governments, regional and international organisations, civil society, industry and other experts.

The gold implementation programme helps foster peer-learning, constructive dialogue, and mutual understanding on due diligence practices and associated challenges across the supply chain. It also helps facilitate discussions around workable solutions to due diligence implementation, including the possible design of innovative market opportunities for responsibly sourced gold from conflict-affected and high risk areas, in particular from artisanal and small-scale sources.

While the primary geographic focus is on gold sourced from Africa’s Great Lakes region, the gold implementation programme may include activities covering other regions, given the global scope of the OECD Guidance. The gold implementation programme is a voluntary exercise which will take place over an initial 12 month period, with possible extension.

Training webinars
In the summer of 2013 the OECD and industry peers held a first series of webinars designed to teach different actors in the supply chain how to responsibly source gold.
>> download webinar materials

Artisanal and Small-Scale Miner (ASM) Hub
The ASM Hub convenes numerous stakeholders to learn about ASM issues. As part of the gold implementation programme, the OECD and the ASM Hub organise webinars based on specific ASM themes.
>> read more

Gold Baseline Assessments 
Work has begun on baseline studies that will identify and assess potential traceable “conflict-free” supply chains of artisanally-mined Congolese gold and to identify the challenges to implementation of supply chain due diligence.
>> read more


The 3Ts pilot implementation programme

From May 2011 to December 2012, the OECD, the ICGLR, and the UN Group of Experts on the DRC worked together on the pilot implementation of the Guidance and its 3Ts Supplement by companies sourcing minerals from Africa's Great Lakes region.

Over 100 companies, both upstream and downstream, and industry associations volunteered to take part. Participating companies have demonstrated  how they perform supply chain due diligence through a peer learning process intended to help them meet reporting obligations and the expectations of managers, customers, regulators and the public.

Implementation reports

The reports identify concrete best practices and helpful implementation tools to further assist companies to respect human rights and avoid contributing to conflict through their mineral or metal purchasing decisions and practices.


Initiatives implementing the Guidance
Industry and other initiatives who are using the OECD Due Diligence Guidance in specific sectors or regions:


Text of the Guidance

>> access text


Simplified guide

This guide explains the basics of upstream due diligence in the supply chain of tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold from conflict-affected and high-risk areas in Africa’s Great Lakes region.

English | French | Lingala  
Mandarin | Swahili 

Five Democrats urge the US SEC to use Guidance, 23 September 2011

3T and gold supply chain resources

Guide to gold industry and sector initiatives for the responsible sourcing of minerals

Draft overview of audit initiatives for responsible mineral sourcing

Template and appendix for 3Ts downstream supplier letter

Illustrative list of products containing the 3Ts

3T smelter list


Tyler Gillard, Legal Expert
OECD Investment Division


7th meeting, Paris, 26-28 May 2014

6th meeting, Kigali, 13-15 November 2013

5th meeting
, Paris, 2-3 May 2013

4th meeting
, Paris, 28-30 November 2012

3rd meeting
, Paris, 3-4 May 2012

2nd meeting
, Paris, 29-30 November 2011

1st meeting
, Paris, 5-6 May 2011

Documents and links

How the Guidance was developed
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises




Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
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  • Bahrain
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  • Burundi
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  • Cape Verde
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  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
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  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
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  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
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  • Jamaica
  • Japan
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  • Kiribati
  • Korea
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  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
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  • Liberia
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  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
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  • Marshall Islands
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  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
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  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
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  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
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  • Philippines
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  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
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  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
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  • Somalia
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  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe