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Liberalisation of foreign direct investment (FDI) has been an essential element in the increasing internationalisation of the economy, and has enhanced France's image as an FDI host country. Thanks to a surge in direct investment flows since 1984-1985, France has become the third-ranking country in the OECD area in terms of inward FDI and fourth in terms of outward FDI at end 1994. The abrogation in early 1996 of the prior approval
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Switzerland has long played an important role as both home and host to multinational enterprises. Certain large Swiss firms are among the most active foreign direct investors, and foreign firms are often keen to exploit the advantages of investing in Switzerland. These advantages stem partly from a general openness to inward investment, a central geographical location within Europe and a well-developed infrastructure. This report
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SG/PRESS(95)65 - 27 September 1995: The OECD today launched high-level negotiations to develop a strong, comprehensive framework for international investment that will strengthen the multilateral system. A Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI) would provide high standards for the liberalisation of investment regimes and investment protection, with effective dispute settlement.
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The United States has become the largest recipient of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the world ($60 billion in 1994). What are the policy implications? Has the openness of foreign markets to US firms affected FDI in the United States? What implications do US national security provisions have for foreign investors? These issues were examined during the last OECD FDI review of the United States and this publication presents the
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Norway's accession to the European Economic Area has led to important liberalisation measures that help integrate it into Europe. Uniform procedures are now in place for reviewing investments notified by Norwegian and foreign investors alike. Restrictions on foreign acquisition of real estate have been largely eliminated. This report analyses trends and policies of foreign direct investment in Norway. While complimenting the Norwegian
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Analysing trends and policies of foreign direct investment in Finland, this report concludes that national apprehension about it is now a thing of the past. In recent years, Finland has made considerable progress in removing discriminatory regulations against foreign investors. The desire to foster integration into the European Economic Area and the European Communities has boosted this process. No longer the outpost it once was,
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Denmark's foreign direct investment (FDI) laws and regulations are generally characterised by openness and non-discrimination. However, FDI in Denmark remains low relative to other OECD countries of comparable size. The Danish government has focused its efforts on improving the general conditions for investment, reducing structural barriers to market access, and making the country better known to foreign investors. Significant headway
This paper was prepared by the OECD in order to provide an in-depth description of the new worldwide rules which will govern trade in services as of 1 January 1995.
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Italy, which has progressively removed the obstacles to free movement of capital in the 1980s, has experienced substantial inflows of foreign direct investment. At the same time, Italian enterprises considerably reinforced their foreign presence. Under the combined effect of in- and outflow of direct investment, Italy strengthened economic ties with OECD countries, most particularly with partners in the European Union. This
This Introduction to the OECD Codes of Liberalisation was approved by the OECD Council in 1994 and published in 1995 as an OECD publication (out of print). The purpose of this Introduction is to contribute to a better understanding of the principles and procedures of the OECD Codes. It also provides detailed explanations of the coverage of the Codes and may therefore serve as a manual for Code users.