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The purpose of this User's Guide is to contribute to a better understanding of the principles and procedures of the OECD Codes. It also provides detailed explanations of the coverage of the Codes and may therefore serve as a manual for Code users. First published in 2003, the 2008 version has been adjusted to take recent developments into account, specifically, revised insurance and private pensions provisions of the Code of
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Virtually all governments are keen to attract foreign direct investment (FDI). It can generate new jobs, bring in new technologies and, more generally, promote growth and employment. The resulting net increase in domestic income is shared with government through taxation of wages and profits of foreign-owned companies, and possibly other taxes on business (e.g. property tax). FDI may also positively affect domestic income through
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This report on the Seventh Examination of Members’ Reservations to the Insurance and Private Pensions Provisions of the Code of Liberalisation of Current Invisible Operations was approved by the OECD Council on 19 February 2008. The main results and conclusions relating to the seventh examination process are given in a Note by the Secretary-General. The full set of findings is presented in the accompanying report.
OECD countries have agreed on further liberalisation commitments in the areas of insurance and private pensions. The OECD Code of Liberalisation of Current Invisible Operations has been amended to broaden the insurance obligations of the Code and introduce new obligations on private pensions, thereby establishing a new, high standard for cross-border trade in insurance and private pensions services.
These reports provide a record of the main achievements of the OECD Investment Committee within its investment policy work programme with non-member economies and make available to a wider audience some of the background analytical work developed under the aegis of this programme.
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This report focuses on the role of competition policy in promoting energy security. It does not attempt to establish a precise definition of energy security, but notes that it is mainly about managing vulnerability to supply disruptions and associated price spikes. This report by the OECD Competition Committee Secretariat was presented to participants at the 6th OECD Roundtable on Freedom of Investment held on 13 December 2007.
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Organised in Paris on 13 December 2007, discussions covered recent policy developments; the transparency and predictability of investment policies addressing essential security concerns; and the benefits of open investment markets for energy security. In addition, a consultation was held in which business and trade union partners discussed the policy issues raised by investments of Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs).
This Annual Report provides an account of the actions the adhering governments have taken over the 12 months to June 2007 to enhance the contribution of the Guidelines to the improved functioning of the global economy. This publication also contains the results of the 2007 OECD Roundtable on Corporate Responsibility which focused on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the financial sector.
On 11 July 2007, Egypt became the first Arab and first African country to sign the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. This marks a new stage in Egypt's drive to attract more foreign direct investment (FDI). A series of policy reforms have helped to underpin a fifteen-fold increase in Egypt’s FDI between 2001 and 2006. FDI reached a record USD 9 billion in the first three quarters of its 2007
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Investment Newsletter, No. 5 puts the spotlight on the OECD’s investment instruments with reports on Egypt becoming the 40th country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, how OECD investment instruments are being used to inform policy deliberations relating to the investments of Sovereign Wealth Funds and the application of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises - one