The OECD work on globalisation raises important challenges for statistical measurement and for empirical analysis. The need for better measurement has become even more urgent in the light of the greater political priority that many OECD countries are currently attaching to issues related to globalisation. A new OECD project on globalisation and structural adjustment was launched following the OECD Ministerial Meeting in May 2005, and a considerable amount of work is already underway in the OECD’s 2005-2006 Programme of Work and Budget. To help address some of the major challenges in measurement and empirical analysis, the Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (DSTI) is organising a workshop on globalisation in the context of the 2005 meeting of the Statistical Working Party. It will be held at OECD headquarters, in Paris, from 15-16 November. The workshop is open to delegates from OECD member countries. Further information on work on globalisation is also available on http://www.oecd.org/sti/offshoring
DAY 1: MEASUREMENT PERSPECTIVES
SESSION 1: OPENING AND INTRODUCTION
1. Opening and introduction (Nobuo Tanaka, Director for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD)
2. The globalisation of production and value chains – issues for discussion at the workshop (Dirk Pilat, OECD)
SESSION 2: MEASURING EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS
This session will examine how the globalisation of production and value chains affects employment in OECD economies. It should provide a better understanding on the size of the overall employment impacts of global production, how these can be measured, and how they are distributed across countries, activities and worker groups.
3. The impact of offshoring on employment – measurement issues and implications (Thomas Hatzichronoglou, OECD); French version
4. Labour market dynamics associated with the movement of work overseas (Sharon Brown and James Spletzer, Bureau of Labor Statistics, United States)
5. The employment impacts of offshoring – evidence for France (Patrick Aubert and Patrick Sillard, INSEE, France): English version and French version
6. Location choice and employment decisions – a comparison of German and Swedish multinationals (Sasha Becker, University of Munich and Karolina Ekholm, Stockholm School of Economics and CEPR)
7. The labour market impacts of offshoring in France (Alexander Hijzen, Holger Görg and Robert C. Hine, University of Nottingham)
8. ICT-enabled global sourcing of services (Desirée van Welsum, OECD)
9. Trade adjustment costs in OECD labour markets (Paul Swaim, OECD)
10. The employment impacts of globalisation – panel discussion. The panel discussion will examine the overall impacts of globalisation and off-shoring, by contrasting off-shoring and in-shoring and by placing available estimates in the context of overall job churning. It will also explore what further work can be done to improve measurement and analysis in this area.
DAY 2: ANALYTICAL PERSPECTIVES
SESSION 3: MICRO-PERSPECTIVES ON GLOBALISATION
This session will present evidence from firm-level studies to examine how the globalisation of production and value chains is affecting firm and industry performance, e.g. in affecting employment and productivity, economies of scale and industrial specialization of firms and industries.
11. The productivity and employment impacts of off-shoring – The Irish experience (Aoife Hanley and Holger Görg, University of Nottingham)
12. The productivity impacts of offshoring – the UK experience (Chiara Criscuolo, OECD, and Mark Leaver, Office for National Statistics)
13. The economic impacts of off-shoring – evidence for Korea (Cheonsik Woo, Sanghoon Ahn, Siwook Lee and Dongheon Lee, Korea Development Institute, Seoul)
14. The globalisation of production networks – a view from Asia (Fukunari Kimura, Keio University)
SESSION 4: THE OVERALL IMPACTS OF THE GLOBALISATION OF PRODUCTION
The third session of the workshop will present evidence from studies prepared in OECD countries that assess the overall impacts of the globalisation of production and value chains. It will need to provide a better understanding of the balance between potential negative impacts of globalisation, e.g. in reducing employment for certain activities or worker groups, and possible positive impacts, e.g. in enhancing productivity, lowering prices or increasing overall employment. The costs of adjusting to globalisation could also be considered in these studies.
15. A perspective for the United States (Timothy Wedding, Government Accountability Office)
US and India Data on Offshoring Show Significant Differences (Timothy Wedding, Government Accountability Office)
16. A perspective for France (Lionel Fontagne, CEPII and CAE, France)
17. A perspective for the world economy (Mary Amiti and Shang-Jin Wei, IMF)
SESSION 5: IMPLICATIONS FOR STATISTICS, ANALYSIS AND POLICY
The closing session of the workshop will involve a panel discussion between high-level experts that will draw the implications of the workshop for further statistical and analytical work. It may also draw possible policy implications.