Maritime freight transport is indispensable to world trade and globalization as around 80 per cent of global trade, which has been growing at a fast pace in recent years, is carried by sea and is handled by ports worldwide, according to UNCTAD. The increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) and air pollutants emissions by international shipping is notably driven by this growth in seaborne trade. The shipbuilding and marine equipment industries are expected to play a large role for the improvement of the environmental performance of ocean-going vessels by focusing on this goal in their research, development and production activities.
The IMO has played a key role in the development of international regulation and practical measures tackling GHGs emissions, air pollution, and the spread of invasive aquatic species. Many of these impacts can be mitigated thanks to the investment in green technologies. Regional and national policies have also been implemented to boost innovation and to encourage the application of greener technologies. In addition to the effort made by the public sector, private sector initiatives can boost greener shipping notably by encouraging end customers to choose maritime freight transport carried by greener vessels.
These actions at international, regional and national levels not only impose a burden on maritime industries but also boost demand for new building, repairing and retrofitting as well as for offshore wind industries. Appropriate ship finance is an important element of the sustainable development of greener shipbuilding and machinery industries.
This workshop is expected to contribute to better understanding the role governments could play to help develop greener maritime industries. It notably allowed participants to discuss how maritime industries can address environmental challenges, and what the main driving forces and barriers to invest in greener technologies are.
The workshop was part of the first OECD Ocean Economy Week (20-24 November 2017), which also included the 2017 OECD Green Growth and Sustainable Development (GGSD) Forum focusing on ‘Greening the Ocean Economy’ and the OECD Conference on New Approaches to Evaluating the Ocean Economy under the Innovation and Ocean Economy Project.
Session 1: International efforts for greening maritime industries
Achieving greener shipping notably by better governing sustainable maritime transport, Dr. Jane Lister, Senior Research Fellow, University of British Columbia.
Recent developments made by the IMO in respect of protection the marine environment, Mr. Camille Bourgeon, Technical Officer, International Maritime Organisation (IMO).
IEA's analysis on decarbonisation of shipping, Ms. Renske Schuitmaker, Analyst, Directorate of Sustainability, Technology and Outlooks, International Energy Agency (IEA).
Session 2: Regional and national policies and measures promoting the construction and operation of greener vessels
Analysis of measures taken at regional and national levels aiming to promote the construction and operation of greener ships, Mr. Laurent C. Daniel and Mr. Kei Ito.
Green Technology Innovation in Shipping (e.g. Blue INNOship) from a Danish Maritime Authority point of view, Mr. Mogens Schroder Bech, Director, Maritime R&D, Danish Maritime Authority.
Ship construction and scrapping scheme in Turkey and its impact on promoting greener shipping, Mr. Ö. Umut Sentürk, Head of Department, Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communication, Turkey.
Recent efforts on the construction of green ships in Korea, Dr. Yongsuk Suh, Shipbuilding Program Director, Korea Evaluation Institute of Industrial Technology (KEIT).
Session 3: Private sector initiatives
Progress towards an environmentally sustainable shipping industry, Mr. Simon Bennett, Director Policy & External Relations, International Chamber of Shipping.
The role of the shipbuilding industry for green growth in ocean activities, Mr. Hiroshi Iwamoto, Chairman of International Sub-Committee, The Shipbuilders' Association of Japan (SAJ).
Green growth in ocean activities: the role and contribution of the European maritime technology industry, Mr. Christophe Tytgat, Europe Secretary General, Shipyards' & Maritime Equipment Association, SEA Europe.
The role of the ship repairing industry for green growth in ocean activities, Mr. Peter Luijckx, Managing Director, Lisnave Estaleiros Navais S.A.
The concept of zero emission autonomous shipping, Mr. Olivier Cadet, Executive Vice President - Products & Services, Kongsberg Maritime AS.
Session 4: Emerging green technologies and green ocean finance
Technology development for greener shipping, Mr. Tore Longva, Principal Consultant, Maritime Regulatory Affairs, DNV GL Maritime.
The green ship loan/guarantee scheme, Mr. François Gaudet, Senior Banker, European Investment Bank.
Challenges in financing for greener ships, Mr. Alexandre Amedjian, Head of Shipping Finance for Europe, Middle East and the Americas, Société Générale.
Offshore wind finance, Ms. Ariola Mbistrova, Finance Analyst, WindEurope.
More about OECD work on shipbuilding