This policy paper provides new cross-country evidence on the links between national policies and the growth patterns of start-ups. In particular, it compares for the first time the heterogeneous effects of national policies on entrants and incumbents, within the same country, industry, and time period. A number of key facts emerge.
This paper examines the relationship between environmental policy and "green" innovation in shipbuilding.
English, PDF, 1,196kb
Data from the Japanese government suggest there are currently over 1 000 shipyards in Japan. Some of these yards are privately owned individual enterprises, while others form part of larger private or public companies that operate multiple yards. Japan’s shipbuilders exist within a wider maritime cluster that provides crucial upstream and downstream products and services.
The news that companies in OECD economies are increasingly bringing manufacturing activities back home has attracted a lot of attention in recent years. But considerable disagreement exists about how important this trend actually is for economies in particular the number of jobs that reshoring is supposed to bring back.
English, PDF, 1,219kb
Study of the German shipbuilding industry and related government measures, to strengthen the identification of government policies, practices and measures affecting the shipbuilding sector. The analysis of support measures is accompanied by contextual detail of the industry.
English, PDF, 684kb
Study of the Portuguese shipbuilding industry and related government measures, to strengthen the identification of government policies, practices and measures affecting the shipbuilding sector. The analysis of support measures is accompanied by contextual detail of the industry.
This work addresses the role of global value chains (GVCs), workforce skills, ICT, innovation and industry structure in explaining employment levels of routine and non-routine occupations. The analysis encompasses 28 OECD countries over the period 2000-2011.
This analysis encompasses 28 OECD countries over the period 2000-2011. The results suggest that comparatively higher skills are associated with higher employment in non-routine (NR) and low routine-intensive (LR) occupations. Also, employment in all types of occupations, both routine and non-routine, shows to positively relate to innovation, as measured by patents.
This workshop on Supply and Demand in the Shipbuilding Industry aimed at increasing transparency in the market, which is expected, in particular, to provide a better comprehension of the magnitude and the sources of oversupply and overcapacity. This will improve our understanding of certain policies leading to such market distortions.
The international transfer effect of CO2 emissions are measured using the latest OECD Input-Output Tables, Bilateral trade in goods and services, and energy statistics.