While de-industrialisation and offshoring have dominated the news about manufacturing during the past decades, recent years have witnessed a number of examples of companies re-shoring activities back to OECD economies. Policy discussions often ignore the profound changes manufacturing has undergone. This working paper addresses this issue against the background of long-term structural change in OECD economies.
This paper examines the extent, reasons and impacts of excess capacity in the global steel industry, as well as the implications of new investment projects that continue to take place at a rapid pace in many parts of the world. By focusing on new investment projects, this study intends to help governments and industry better understand the extent to which global steelmaking excess capacity may evolve in the future.
New approaches are needed for addressing social and economic challenges, including new models of public and private partnership which can fund, deliver and scale innovative solutions from the ground up.
The OECD Steel Committee carries out analytical and statistical work on world steel market and industry developments, steelmaking capacity, steel trade developments, and steel-related raw materials. It holds meetings and workshops to discuss current and emerging issues.
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The growing gap between global steelmaking capacity and demand has led to a deterioration in the financial situation of steelmakers, and has raised concerns about the longer-term economic viability and efficiency of the industry. Although excess capacity has increased significantly since the financial crisis, and despite slowing demand growth in global markets, new investment projects continue in many parts of the world.
The Working Party on Shipbuilding provides an international platform for the exchange of information as well as the elaboration of economic and policy analysis on several aspects of the shipbuilding sector. WP6 aims to establish normal competitive conditions in the shipbuilding industry notably by encouraging transparency and consulting widely with both non-OECD economies as well as relevant industry groups.
The Korean shipbuilding industry is one of the top global players, leading by value and second only to China by volume. However, the global economic crisis has dented its finances and it now faces serious challenges to set itself back on a solid footing.
Steel is one of the most widely produced industrial products in the world, and the sector depends heavily on a range of raw materials for its production. The aim of this workshop was to better understand the impacts of trade-restrictive raw material policies on the global steel industry and to explore policy approaches that would improve the longer-term efficiency and functioning of these markets.
The purpose of this workshop was to better understand this increasingly important market segment for the shipbuilding industry and particularly the scope and limitations for reorientation of shipyards towards offshore vessels and the lessons learnt from recent diversification strategies.
The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, and performance in more than 45 economies, including OECD countries and major emerging economies. The report draws on the latest OECD work on science and innovation policy analysis and measurement.
Following an overview of the STI global landscape and policy trends, key policy issues are discussed across a series of thematic policy profiles. The third section examines individual STI country performances, along with the most recent national policy developments. These global and national policy trends are monitored by a unique international policy survey conducted by the OECD every two years.