This working paper uses “centrality” metrics to reflect the changing structure of global value chains. It contrasts central hubs and peripheral countries and sectors, and examines how these changes impact firm productivity.
This study proposes a taxonomy of sectors according to the extent to which they have gone digital. The taxonomy accounts for some of the key facets of the digital transformation, and recognises that sectors differ in their development and adoption of the most advanced “digital” technologies, in the human capital needed to embed them in production and in the extent to which digital tools are used to deal with clients and suppliers.
While the size-wage and size-productivity premia are significantly weaker in market services compared to manufacturing, the link between wages and productivity is stronger. The combination of these results suggests that in a service economy the “size-wage premium” becomes more a “productivity-wage premium”.
This analysis examines dynamics of estimated firm mark-ups across 26 countries over 14 years. Price mark-ups are linked to measures of digital intensity of sectors in order to ascertain whether differences in exposure to digitalisation are related to differences in mark-ups across industries, and how this relationship has changed over time.
Deeper insights into the role and activities of multinational enterprises (MNEs) are needed. The Analytical AMNE database includes a full matrix of the output of foreign affiliates in 43 countries plus the rest of the world, as well as similar matrices for value-added, exports and imports over the period 2000-2014. Split inter-country input-output tables were also created.
This study sheds light on the extent to which different types of employee skills are rewarded as industries go digital in an analysis of 31 countries.
English, PDF, 2,023kb
The digital transformation has positive impacts on productivity for many firms, but has not yet translated into stronger productivity growth at the economy-wide level. This background report for the March 2018 G7 Innovation Ministers' meeting focuses on the impacts of digital transformation on jobs and productivity.
Despite their acclaimed importance, empirical evidence on MNEs is not widely available and largely incomplete, with data only available for a subset of OECD economies. Based on the new OECD analytical AMNE database including information on MNEs across 43 industries and countries on a bilateral basis, this paper derives new insights on the importance of MNEs today.
Presentations and main topics discussed at the 84th Session of the Steel Committee held in Paris, 5-6 March 2018.
English, PDF, 2,086kb
Finland’s shipbuilding industry is currently very active in two broad market segments: cruise/passenger ships and Arctic and specialised vessels.