In order to safeguard their competitiveness in an increasingly digitalised global economy, governments across OECD and emerging economies are implementing a range of policy measures/programmes to support investment in and use of robotics. This paper assesses the extent to which robotics impact the organisation of production through offshoring and backshoring.
This paper uses “centrality” metrics to reflect position with GVCs. Central sectors reflect those that are highly connected (both directly and indirectly) and influential within global production networks, whereas peripheral sectors exhibit weak linkages and are less influential. Applying these metrics to OECD ICIO data reveals profound changes in the structure of GVCs over the period 1995-2011.
These reports provide an overview of recent supply and demand developments and, when available, forecasts from publicly available sources.
This paper presents new cross-country descriptive evidence on innovative start-ups and related venture capital investments drawing upon Crunchbase, a new dataset that is unprecedented in terms of scope and comprehensiveness. The analysis employs a mix of different statistical techniques.
The MultiProd project studies productivity patterns and investigates the extent to which different policy frameworks can shape firm productivity. It examines the way resources are allocated to more productive firms.
This workshop is expected to contribute to better understanding the role governments can play to help develop greener maritime industries. It allowed participants to discuss how maritime industries can address environmental challenges, and the main driving forces and barriers to invest in greener technologies.
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This report aims to assess policies implemented at international, regional and national levels by pollutant targets and to study their impacts on shipbuilding, ship repair and marine equipment industries. All levels of policy implementation are assessed. It also includes an overview of innovation and patent activities in the ship sector.
The OECD Input-Output Tables illustrate the flows between the sales and purchases (final and intermediate) of industry outputs.
When economic shocks occur, economic agents are expected to react to reduce the negative impact or amplify the positive effects. The ability of a country to contain economic losses can be defined as the resilience to economic shocks. Using the OECD Inter-Country Input-Output tables, this paper investigates the relationship between changes in final demand and production structures for 61 economies.
This paper synthesises the main policy implications of OECD work focusing on the interplay between participation and positioning in global value chains (GVCs), employment demand and supply, and workforce skills endowment.