Industry and globalisation


  • The Future of Productivity

    Productivity is about “working smarter”, rather than “working harder”. It reflects our ability to produce more output by better combining inputs, owing to new ideas, technological innovations and business models. Innovations such as the steam engine, electrification and digitisation have led to radical changes in the production of goods and services, raising living standards and well-being.

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  • Employment and Productivity

    Productivity and employment are key policy issues. Gauging which kind of firms thrive or struggle within countries is crucial to understand differences in aggregate productivity and employment across countries. The Science, Technology and Innovation Directorate leads the DYNEMP and MULTIPROD projects to provide cross-country comparable evidence for policy making in these areas.

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  • Policy Evaluation of Industrial Policies

    The role of policy evaluation is to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of public policy interventions, assessing the balance between benefits and costs. In times of constrained public finances and reduced levels of productivity growth, there is a premium on ensuring the most efficient design of public policies. This is particularly true of industrial, innovation, and entrepreneurship policies, which have not generally been subject to rigorous policy evaluation in the past.

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Industry, Entrepreneurship and Productivity

In a world where production is fragmented into truly global value chains, how can economies ensure competitiveness and move up the value chain? What does firm-level data tell us about the roles of creative destruction, start-ups and young firms on employment and productivity? How should countries harness the next production revolution ushered in by advances in ICTs, 3D printing, and biotech, and nanotech and other emerging technologies?

The OECD work on industry, entrepreneurship and productivity aims to help governments find answers to these questions, and identify the right policies and structural reforms to foster new areas of potential growth, and encourage job creation and innovation. The OECD also supports in-depth sectoral analysis on steel and shipbuilding.

Latest news

Recent publications

Enabling the Next Production Revolution
November 2016

Trade in Employment
September 2016

Estimating CO2 Emissions Embodied in Final Demand and Trade Using the OECD ICIO 2015
September 2016

Where to Locate Innovative Activities in Global Value Chains
July 2016

No Country for Young Firms ¦ Policy Note
April 2016

The Routine Content of Occupations
April 2016

Steel High Level Symposium
April 2016

Environmental Policy and Technological Innovation in Shipbuilding
March 2016

Benefiting from the Next Production Revolution
Feb 2016

Reshoring: Myth or Reality? 
Jan 2016

Routine jobs, employment and technological innovation in global value chains
Policy note also available
Jan 2015

The Future of Productivity
Dec 2015

Cross-Country Estimates of Employment and Investment in Organisational Capital
October 2015

Estimating Cross-Country Investment in Training
October 2015

Embodied CO2 in International Trade
September 2015


OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015: 
Innovation for Growth and Society

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

Supporting Investment in Knowledge Capital, Growth and Innovation

Supporting Investment in Knowledge Capital, Growth and Innovation 2013

In addition, the OECD is developing new empirical evidence on the emergence and impacts of GVCs; in co-operation with the WTO, a first release of the Trade in Value Added (TiVA) Database was in January 2013; a second release with a broader coverage in terms of countries, years and indicators is scheduled for June 2013.

Interconnected Economies: Benefiting from Global Value Chains 2013

Financing High-Growth Firms | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

Financing High-Growth Firms: The Role of Angel Investors 2011