Industry and entrepreneurship

Promoting Graduate Entrepreneurship in Tunisian Universities

 

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English / French

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This report provides the main findings and recommendations of a case study review of entrepreneurship education and business start-up support in Tunisian universities and universities of applied sciences as part of a series of reviews on Skills and Competences for Entrepreneurship carried out by the Local Economic and Employment Development (OECD) Programme of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

The review examines current strategies, structures and practices for entrepreneurship promotion in Tunisian universities highlighting activities to instil entrepreneurial intentions and to favour business creation among graduates. One of the core strengths of the Tunisian system is that it reaches a large proportion of students with basic entrepreneurship teaching. The report sets out the opportunities to improve this teaching using international best practice models and to complement it with more intense start-up support for those students ready to go further.

To this end, the report recommends the creation of a national graduate entrepreneurship strategy with clear objectives, indicators and incentives, methods for benchmarked learning and a resource bank of teaching materials together with an exchange platform for universities on entrepreneurship support practices, with an interface through university enterprise champions, an academic association, and improved training of trainers. The existing basic teaching in entrepreneurship should be improved with new activities and approaches and a new level of deeper business creation and growth support introduced including incubation, coaching and referral and post start-up support.

 

Table of contents


  • FOREWORD
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • The context of the study
    • Major Finings
    • Conclusion and recommendations
    • International learining models
  • CHAPTER 1: TUNISIA AT A CROSS-ROADS
    • Introduction
    • The Tunisian Context
    • The OECD review
  • CHAPTER 2: SURVEYS OF UNIVERSITY LEADERS, STAFF AND STUDENTS
    • Introduction
    • Graduate entrepreneuship support
    • Recommendations
    • International learining models
  • CHAPTER 4: STIMULATING AND MANAGING ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS AND THE ROLE OF PARTNERSHIPS
    • Introduction
    • The role and nature of partnerships in higher education
    • The Tunisian context
    • Recommendations
    • International learning models
  • CHAPTER 5: ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION
    • The objectives, contents and methods of entrepreneurship education
    • Tunisian universities and their context
    • Entrepreneurship education: strengths and weaknesses
    • Recommendations
    • International learining models
  • CHAPTER 7: CONCLUSION AND WAY FORWARD
    • Establish an national strategy and exchange platform for graduate entrepreneurship support
    • Develop a two-level university entrepreneurship support system
  • ANNEX A: AN ENTREPRENEURIAL UNIVERSITY – THE MUNICH UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES
    • Institutional overview
    • Framing and organising entrepreneurship support
    • Institutional anchoring and embeddedness
    • Internal organisation and external collaboration
    • Financial resources
    • Human resources
  • ANNEX B: OECD LEED GOOD PRACTICE CRITERIA FOR UNIVERSITY ENTREPRENEURSHIP SUPPORT

 

Contact


For more information please contact Jonathan Potter at the OECD Secretariat.