Following a remarkable transformation in the past century in research and innovation, in particular through the development of new technologies and processes in sectors such as oil and gas, shipbuilding and also fisheries and aquaculture, Norway is today increasingly facing a “triple transition imperative” in which it needs, first, to shift toward a more diversified and robust economy; second, to move to a more competitive, effective and efficient innovation system; and third, to support research and innovation activities that can confront an array of societal challenges (climate change, food security, aging, health and so on). The Long-Term Plan for Research and Higher Education 2015-2024 (LTP) launched by the Norwegian government has set the base to enhance the capacity of the research and higher education system to cope with these transition challenges. This report proposes recommendations to take advantage of the revision of this comprehensive strategic plan in 2018 to improve the horizontal coordination and add more concrete structural policy initiatives, without changing the plan’s general orientation nor giving up the sectorial and the consensus principles that form the basis of Norwegian policy making.
This report examines the relationship between SMEs' management of intellectual assets, innovation and competitiveness.
This book defines the major trends and challenges facing tourism in the next decade – from globalisation to environmental issues. Tourism data from 42 countries are presented and analysed including all OECD countries, and fast-growing tourism centres such as Brazil, Chile, China and India.
This paper presents the role of entrepreneurship policies in supporting innovation in four OECD countries. It consists of a synthesis report based on the findings of country case studies on Korea, Mexico, Norway and Turkey. The case studies are appended to the synthesis report.
The first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field, and provides a statistical profile of tourism in reporting countries.
This study shows how knowledge-intensive services activities (KISAs) contribute to the acquisition and growth capabilities of firms and public sector organisations.
These peer reviews (of Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden) present recommendations for policy actions in each country based on strengths and weaknesses observed in the policy approach to developing highly skilled workers to fulfil future industry requirements.
This paper analyses trends in Norwegian venture capital markets and makes policy recommendations which have been developed through an OECD peer review process.
The paper shows the results of a pilot study for six industrial sectors in seven OECD Member countries (Canada, Japan, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States) whereby short-term qualitative indicators are used to "nowcast" a quantitative indicator, the production index.
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Norway's accession to the European Economic Area has led to important liberalisation measures that help integrate it into Europe. Uniform procedures are now in place for reviewing investments notified by Norwegian and foreign investors alike. Restrictions on foreign acquisition of real estate have been largely eliminated. This report analyses trends and policies of foreign direct investment in Norway. While complimenting the Norwegian