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This assessment of Egypt's business climate identifies policy priorities and proposes specific reforms and actions to enable Egypt to achieve measurable improvements in its business climate.
The MENA-OECD Investment Programme seeks to mobilise investment—foreign, regional and domestic—as a driving force for growth, stability and prosperity throughout the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. This programme is part of the MENA-OECD Initiative on Governance and Investment for Development (www.oecd.org/mena).
This publication highlights key outcomes of the work of the MENA-OECD Investment Programme from 2005-2007, including reforms achieved to date in investment policies and promotion, corporate governance, financial-sector development, and tax policies. It also contains information on the Programme’s activities, highlighting business-climate developments in MENA countries.
On 11 July 2007, Egypt became the first Arab and first African country to sign the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. This marks a new stage in Egypt's drive to attract more foreign direct investment (FDI). A series of policy reforms have helped to underpin a fifteen-fold increase in Egypt’s FDI between 2001 and 2006. FDI reached a record USD 9 billion in the first three quarters of its 2007
In July 2007, Egypt became the 40th country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. The adherents to the Declaration commit to providing national treatment to foreign investors and promoting responsible international business conduct. During this process, Egypt undertook a thorough review by OECD members of its international investment policies using the Policy Framework for