SSIS country list
All OECD Member countries are available in ISIC Revision 3. Nevertheless, for some of them, only few years are presented. To obtain longer historical data, please consult ISIC Revision 2 version (not updated since 2000).

Current prices tables are now expressed in euros (EUR) for EMU countries.

 
COUNTRY CODE COUNTRY CURRENCY CODE
AUS Australia AUD
AUT Austria EUR
BEL Belgium EUR
CAN Canada CAD
CZE Czech Republic CSK
DNK Denmark DKK
FIN Finland EUR
FRA France EUR
DEU Germany EUR
GRC Greece EUR
HUN Hungary HUF
ISL Iceland ISK
IRL Ireland EUR
ITA Italy EUR
JPN Japan JPY
KOR Korea KRW
LUX Luxembourg EUR
MEX Mexico MXP
NLD Netherlands EUR
NZL New Zealand NZD
NOR Norway NOK
POL Poland PLZ
PRT Portugal EUR
SVK Slovak Republic LKR
ESP Spain EUR
SWE Sweden SEK
CHE Switzerland CHF
TUR Turkey TRL
GBR United Kingdom GBP
USA United States USD
 
AUSTRALIA  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.abs.gov.au
UNITS

 

Monetary variables: millions of AUD

Other variables: units

METHODOLOGICAL BREAK Between 2000 and 2001 (see below).
 
Classification

The statistics are classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 1993), in line with ISIC Revision 3 at the division level. Each business unit is classified to a single industry. The industry allocated is based on an estimate of the primary activity of the management unit irrespective of whether a range of activities or a single activity is undertaken by the unit.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Most data are derived from sample surveys: Annual Manufacturing Survey, Annual survey of Other Mining, Services to Mining and Water Supply industry. Both enterprises ("management units") and establishments are approached depending of the information requested. Surveys do not cover non-employing businesses.

The period covered is the fiscal year starting on 1 July.

From 2001, the statistical unit is the "management unit" which is nearer to the enterprise.

Concepts and definitions of variables

All variables, except employment, collected in the annual manufacturing survey and the annual mining and utilities collections, have been designed to meet as nearly as practicable the requirements of the concepts of the 1993 version of the System of National Accounts (SNA 93).

Production includes the sales (and transfers out) of goods, the receipts for industrial work done or industrial services rendered to others, the sales of goods shipped in the same condition as received (resales), the net change in stocks of finished products manufactured by the unit, the net change in stocks of work in progress manufactured by the unit, and in stocks of goods purchased for resale in the same condition as received, the value of electricity sold, the sales of products manufactured by subcontractors where production is carried out on materials owned by the establishment the income from repair and maintenance and from work done on commission, the value of capital assets manufactured for own use or for rental or lease and advertising income. It excludes the goods transferred in for sale/resale and the purchases of goods for resale.

Value added corresponds to industry gross product. It is defined as output plus the net change in stocks of materials, components, containers, packaging materials, electricity, fuels and water, less the purchases (and transfer in) of materials, components, containers, packaging materials, electricity, fuels and water, less the transfers in of goods for further processing, less the commission expenses on work done on materials provided, less ex-house printing expenses for materials published by the business and less repair and maintenance expenses. Value Added is valued at basic prices.

Investment (net fixed capital formation) corresponds to the capital outlays on land, building, other structures, plant, machinery and equipment, plus the capital work done for own use or for rental or lease, less the disposals of fixed assets.

Employment refers to the number of persons employed, including working proprietors and working partners of unincorporated businesses working in the business at 30 June of each year. It includes all employees on the payroll in the last pay period of the reference year, whether full time, part time, permanent, temporary or casual. It includes employees on paid leave at 30 June of each year. It excludes home-workers, contractors, consultants, other self-employed persons providing services, unpaid family workers and volunteers.

Compensation of labour, employees corresponds to wages and salaries, plus workers' compensation costs and employers' contributions to superannuation funds.

Wages and salaries, employees are defined as gross wages and salaries paid to employees for the year ended 30 June. They include wages, salaries, bonuses, commissions, overtime payments, penalty rates, leave payments and provisions for employee entitlements. They also include salaries and fees of directors and executives. They exclude payments to contractors, consultants and other self employed persons and the drawings of proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses. They also exclude payroll-related taxes and reimbursements to employees for expenses incurred. Wages and salaries refer to gross earnings before taxation and other deductions.

Number of establishments is at 30 June of the year indicated. An establishment is the smallest accounting unit of a business, within a single Australian State or Territory, which controls its productive activities and maintains a specified range of detailed data, in particular to enable calculation of value added.

SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

The ABS Business Register provides the population frame from which management units are selected for inclusion in the annual Economic Activity Survey (EAS). Approximately 20,000 management units are selected for the EAS based collection using stratified random sampling techniques. All management units with employment of 200 or more persons were automatically selected in the sample.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Data given for production refers to turnover. It corresponds to income from the sales of goods and services, plus transfers out of goods to other establishments of the same business, plus income received in the form of operational funding from government, plus capital work carried out by a business for its own benefit.

Employment relates to all employees, working proprietors and partners on the payroll at a specified time. It represents the number of paid employees of the business who are subject to PAYE tax, and not just those employees who actually pay PAYE tax. It includes all employees for whom PAYE tax is deducted, either permanent, temporary and casual employees (whether full-time or part-time) who received pay in the specified period, as well as managerial and executive employees, working proprietors and working partners (salaried and non-salaried). It excludes employees on strike, or stood down or on leave without pay, self-employed persons such as consultants and contractors paid solely by commission without a retainer and for whom PAYE tax is not deducted.

Publications

  1. Manufacturing Industry, Australia, (Preliminary) (ABS Catalogue No. 8201.0);
  2. Manufacturing Industry, Australia (ABS Catalogue No. 8221.0);
  3. Manufacturing Industry, New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory (ABS Catalogue No. 8221.1);
  4. Manufacturing Industry, Victoria (ABS Catalogue No. 8221.2);
  5. Manufacturing Industry, Queensland (ABS Catalogue No. 8221.3);
  6. Manufacturing Industry, South Australia (ABS Catalogue No. 8221.4);
  7. Manufacturing Industry, Western Australia (ABS Catalogue No. 8221.5);
  8. Manufacturing Industry, Tasmania (ABS Catalogue No. 8221.6);
  9. Manufacturing, Australia (ABS Catalogue No. 8225.0);
  10. Mining, Electricity and Gas Operations (Preliminary) (ABS Catalogue No. 8401.0);
  11. Australian Mining Industry (ABS Catalogue No. 8414.0)
  12. Mining Operations, Australia (ABS Catalogue No. 8415.0);
  13. Electricity, Gas, Water and Sewerage Industries, Australia (ABS Catalogue No. 8208.0);
  14. Electricity, Gas, Water and Sewerage Operations, Australia (ABS Catalogue No. 8226.0);
  15. Summary of Industry Performance (ABS Catalogue No. 8140.0.55.002);
  16. Industry Concentration Statistics (ABS Catalogue No. 8140.0.55.001).

All publications are distributed by the ABS.

 
AUSTRIA  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Statistics Austria, Vienna
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.oestat.gv.at/indexde.htm
UNITS

 

Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 ATS euro)

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

METHODOLOGICAL BREAK Between 1994 and 1995 (see below)
   
Classification

From 1995, the classification used is the Austrian version of NACE Revision 1, so called ÖNACE 1995.

Up to the 4-digit level there is a complete correspondence between ÖNACE 1995 and NACE Revision 1, the 4-digit level being further subdivided into sub-classes.

The ÖNACE 1995 is in line with the ISIC Revision 3.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

As from 1995, data are not strictly comparable with the years before. Data for 1995 are the results of the Non-Agricultural Census. No survey was run in 1996. Data for 1997, 1998 and 1999 are the results of the annual Structural Censuses. Information on hours worked derives from the monthly survey Konjunkturstatistik - Produzierender Bereich (Statistics on short-term data - Manufacturing industry - NACE Sections C to F).

The statistical unit is the enterprise.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production corresponds to turnover, including revenues out of capitalisation of services rendered for own account, excluding purchase of goods and services for resale in the same condition as received (without foreign freights). It includes net change in stocks of commercial articles, finished products and work in progress.

Value added at factor cost is equal to value added at basic prices, excluding taxes and duties (without taxes of products), including subsidies (without subsidies on products). The value added at basic prices is calculated as the production value less foreign freights, purchase of material for working and processing, expenditure for repairs and maintenance done by other enterprises, expenditure for working done by other enterprises, payments for agency workers, purchase of fuels, expenditure for rents, expenditure for operational leasing of goods, other operating costs, expenditure for low-valued assets, taxes of products, including net change in stocks of fuels, raw materials and consumables and subsidies on products.

Investment (capital formation) is investment expenditure, defined as the value of purchases of fixed assets, including own-account construction of assets. The value of sales of fixed assets is not deducted. Investments in land, in construction and alteration of buildings, in machinery and
equipment, in tangible goods, in concessions, patents, licences, trade marks and in software are included. The valuation is at full cost including delivered price, cost of installation, fees and taxes (except turnover tax).

Investment in machinery and equipment is given in terms of investment expenditure defined as for total investment i.e. the value of the purchase of fixed assets plus own-account construction of assets. Included are transport equipment, industrial machinery and equipment, office machinery, equipment and furniture, professional instruments and equipment, alterations, improvement and repairs.

Employment includes working proprietors, unpaid family workers, self-employed persons, salaried employees, operatives, apprentices, homeworkers and part-time employees.

Employment, employees includes salaried employees, operatives, apprentices, homeworkers and part-time employees.

The number of women employees is given under Employment, females.

All employment data are given for a fixed day: 31 December.

Compensation of labour, employees covers wages and salaries and employers' contributions to social security schemes and pension funds.

Wages and salaries, employees include the gross remuneration of salaried employees (white- and blue-collar workers, apprentices, homeworkers and part-time employees). Data include regular and overtime payments, bonuses, cost-of-living allowances, vacation and sick leave pay, taxes and social insurance contributions payable by employees and deducted by employers, payments in kind and other allowances.

Employers' social costs cover legally required and voluntary contributions, such as social security contributions (health, old-age, accident, unemployment insurance), contributions to the equalisation fund for child allowance, contributions to the residential construction fund and lodging allowance, and non-obligatory payments (e.g. in case of accident, disease or distress; canteen services; mileage allowance).

Hours worked by employees relate to actual hours worked (i.e. all paid hours less paid holiday leave) by salaried employees, operatives and apprentices, according to the wage list. Included are overtime, waiting time, rest periods, sick leave and public holidays. Homeworkers and part-time workers are excluded.

The enterprise is generally the smallest legal unit that may consist of one or more establishments (local kind of activity unit).

Publication

All data to the 3-digit ISIC level are presented in the following publication:

  1. Leistungs- und Strukturerhebung - Produktion einschl. Bauwesen, published by Statistics Austria.
 
BELGIUM  
NAME OF INSTITUTION National Institute of Statistics (Institut National de Statistique - INS), Brussels
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://statbel.fgov.be/home_en.htm
UNITS

 

Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 BEF euro)

Other variables: units

 
Data published have been taken directly from the Eurostat’s database, NewCronos.

Classification

The activity nomenclature NACE-BEL has been constructed according to the following hierarchical levels: sections and sub-sections (with letters), divisions (2 digits), groups (3 digits), classes (4 digits) and sub-classes (5 digits).

The NACE-BEL is an adaptation of the European NACE Revision 1.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Data are derived from the annual survey on business structure (Enquête annuelle sur la structure des entreprises) which covers most enterprises in various economic sectors (mining, manufacturing, electricity, gas and water, construction, trade and services) with more than 10 persons employed or with a turnover exceeding 2.478.935,25 EUR (100 millions de BEF) and some other enterprises with less than 20 workers which have an auxiliary activity. The sample size is about 37,000 enterprises.

Concepts and definitions of variables

definitions of variables are consistent with the Regulation (CE) No 2700/98 of the Commission of European Communities of 17/12/1998.

 
CANADA  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Statistics Canada
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.statcan.ca
UNITS

 

Monetary variables: millions of CAD

Other variables: quantities (except hours worked in thousands)

 

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Most data are derived from the Annual Survey of Manufactures. This survey is conducted annually by Statistics Canada and covers all establishments with revenue of 30K or more. Data from the Annual Survey of Manufactures come from two sources, from questionnaires or from administrative sources. The survey collects data for about 35 000 establishments, around 45% of them receive a detailed questionnaire, however they represent about 90% of the total value of manufacturing shipments.

Industrial Classification

Data are classified according to the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS Canada 1997) which replaces the 1980 Standard Industrial Classification (1980 SIC). NAICS Canada has five levels in its structure and uses a six-character, numeric coding system. Statistics Canada has regrouped them to ISIC revision 3.

There is a concordance between NAICS and ISIC for most detail levels.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production is gross output (for manufacturing) including the full value of sales of all products, work done on own account, manufacturing services rendered, goods shipped in the same condition as received, electricity sold, fixed assets produced for own use, waste products, goods made by homeworkers and made by handicraft workers if the establishment has a pay deduction number, and revenue from rental of own products, allowing for net changes of work in progress and in stocks of finished goods. Canadian output for wholesale and retail trade is total sales and other revenue. The valuation is at producers’ prices, including all subsidies and excluding all indirect taxes.

Value added, also at producers’ prices, is a measure of net output, that is, of gross output less those purchased inputs which have been embodied in the value of the product. It is calculated as gross output less the cost of materials, fuels and other supplies, goods shipped in the same condition as received and electricity purchased. The cost of non-industrial services is not deducted. Value added includes receipts for various non-industrial services, but does not include interest or rental other than on machinery produced and rented. Canadian value added for wholesale and retail trade is output less the total "cost of goods sold" (total materials). This concept avoids any double counting of goods production since what each establishment has purchased from other establishments has already been deducted from its own output. For further information, refer to Concepts and definitions of the census of manufactures, Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 31-528, Occasional. The term "Census Value Added" is also commonly referred to. This item is a residual, representing the difference between the value of goods and industrial services produced and the direct material costs associated with the production of goods and services. This residual represents, in effect, the payment to the factors of production. It should be noted that the concept of census value added does not include a provision for the cost of purchased service inputs. Neither does it provide for a revaluation of inventories from book value to prices of the current period. As a result, census value added is conceptually different from the measurement of value added used in the Canadian System of National Accounts.

Employment, employees includes all personnel on the payroll of the establishment or head office, including those working in ancillary units which from part of the establishment or head office. Employee is based on the average number of employees throughout the reporting period, whether full-time, part-time or seasonal.

Hours worked correspond to the total number of hours paid for all hourly, salaried, and other production workers.

Salaries and Wages, employees include all revenue before any deductions from employees for income tax and employee contributions for sickness, accident, pension, insurance, or other benefits but net fringe benefit contributions by the employer.

The establishment is the level at which the accounting data required to measure production is available (principal inputs, revenues, salaries and wages). The establishment, as a statistical unit, is defined as the most homogeneous unit of production for which the business maintains accounting records from which it is possible to assemble all the data elements required to compile the full structure of the gross value of production (total sales or shipments, and inventories), the cost of materials and services, and labour and capital used in production.

Publication

  1. Manufacturing Industries of Canada: national and provincial areas (Catalogue no. 31-203-XPB), published by Statistics Canada
 
CZECH REPUBLIC  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Czech Statistical Office (Ceský statistický úrad), Prag
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.czso.cz/eng/angl.htm
UNITS

 

Monetary variables: millions of CSK

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

 
Classification

The branch classification of economic activities (Odvetvová klasifikace ekonomických cinností -OKEC or CZ-NACE -) was introduced in 1992 and updated in 1993.

OKEc uses 5-digit codes; they are taken over from NACE Revision 1 down to the 4th digit, the 5th digit is used for national specifics.

OKEc is identical to ISIC Revision 3 down to the 2nd digit.

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Data are derived from a sample survey, the annual structural business survey. Random sampling is used, stratified by size of enterprise and 2-digit code of the classification. The survey covers all enterprises, irrespective of their size, which were active at least part of the year.

For the branch of financial intermediation, four annual and three quarterly exhaustive surveys are conducted.

The reference period is the calendar year.

The statistical unit is the enterprise.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production (gross output) is the sum of market and non-market outputs produced by domestic producers over a given period. It is equal to the sum of revenues from sales of own products, goods, works and services provided to third parts, capitalisation of products, goods, works and services provided for own use, value of fixed assets produced during the period by the unit for its own use and changes in stocks of own production and work in progress. Costs spent on sold goods, subsidies and VAT are excluded. Other tax payable as a consequence of production and transport charges invoiced separately by the producer are included. The valuation is at basic prices.

For the sector of monetary intermediation (ISIC 651), the output is calculated as interest received, minus interest paid, plus revenues from services provided. For the sector of insurance and pension funding (ISIC 66), the output corresponds to received insurance premiums, minus premiums paid, minus change in the state if insurance reserves, plus receipts for services (in case of pension funds the value of state contribution is also added).

Value added is obtained by subtracting the value of inputs (the consumption of materials, fuels, produced electricity, industrial and non-industrial services received and other supplies) from gross output. The valuation is at basic prices.

Investment represents the sum of expenditures spent on the acquisition of tangible assets (by either purchase or own activity), together with the overall value of tangible assets acquired free of charge, by transfer according to relevant legislation, or by transfer from a personal use to business. Major alterations, additions and improvements to existing assets which extend their normal economic life or raise their productivity are also included. Tangible assets covers buildings and structure, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, livestock of breeding, dairy, etc.., other cultivated assets, other tangible assets (without land and sub-oil assets) and artistic originals. Investment is valued at purchasers’ prices. VAT in case of VAT payers is excluded.

Employment is the total number of persons employed, including working proprietors, unpaid family workers, self-employed persons and salaried employees.

Employment, employees (average number) encompasses all categories of permanent, temporary and seasonal employees contracted for work in the enterprise, including home-workers receiving compensation, working partners who draw regular earnings, directors of incorporated enterprises and persons who work outside the unit, who belong to it and are paid by it. It excludes apprentices, females on maternity leave and child-care leave, persons on parental leave, and persons engaged by companies on the basis of work execution or working activity agreements. It also includes persons on short-term leave and persons on strike.

Wages and salaries, employees are the sum paid during the year, before deduction of taxes and pension contributions. They include regular and overtime cash payments, commissions, workplace and performance bonuses, ex gratia payments, thirteenth month pay and benefits in the form of money, meals, housing or transport, seniority, attendance, incentive and productivity bonuses, vacation, as well as taxes and social insurance contributions, payable by employees but deducted by employers.

Hours worked by operatives cover hours worked by manual workers in enterprises with 20 or more employees in the year s 1997 and 1998, 100 or more employees in the years 1995 and 1996. They include overtime, time spent at the work place in work such as repairs and maintenance, time spent at the work place waiting or standing by for such reasons as breakdown of machinery, hours paid but not worked (annual leave, public holidays and meal breaks).

The enterprise is the smallest combination of legal units, that is an organisational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from certain degree of autonomy in decision-making, especially for allocating of current resources. An enterprise carries out one or more activities at one or more locations.

Publications

  1. Statistical Yearbook of the Czech Republic - available every year in December;
  2. Selected indicators of yearly survey 1997 and 1998 in the Czech Industry (Vybrané ukazatele rocního zpracování 1997 az 1998 v prumyslu Ceské republiky) (in Czech only);
  3. Economic results of the Czech Industry 1997 – 1999 (Ekonomiké výsledky prumyslu CR), including methodological information (in Czech only);
  4. Aggregate publications;
  5. Economic Results of Market Services in 1997 - 1999 (Ekonomické výsledky v trzních sluzbách v letech 1997 az 1999) (in Czech only);
  6. Economic Result of Transport and Communications 1997 - 1999 (Ekonomické výsledky v doprave a spojích v letech 1997 az 1999) (in Czech only);
  7. Trade, Hotels and Restaurants 1997 - 1999 (Obchod, pohostinstrví a ubytování v letech 1997 az 1999) (in Czech only).

Publications are distributed by the CSO.

 
DENMARK  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Danmarks Statistik
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.dst.dk/dst/dstframesetuk.asp
UNITS

 

Monetary variables: millions of DKK

Other variables: units

 
Classification

From the year 1993, and onwards, official statistical data for Denmark are collected and compiled in NACE revision 1.

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

In the framework of the European Structural Business Statistics, Danmarks Statistik conducts an annual survey relying primarily on questionnaires that are sent to some 9,000 business enterprises. The questionnaires cover around 95 items primarily from the profit and loss statement, the balance sheet, and the capital formation accounts.

Most of the legal units are also required to send the tax authorities a summary version of their income tax return, using a special form (called an SLS-E return). Moreover this tax register is also utilised by Danmarks Statistik because it contains uniform data.

The figures for number of establishments and employment are derived from the register-based statistics of establishments and employment. All establishments with any employment in the activity codes covered by the SBS-regulation are covered. The number of establishments includes establishments in activity at end-November.

Concepts and definitions of variables

definitions of variables are described in the Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 58/97, in the Commission Regulation (EC) No 2700/98 of 17 December 1998 and in the Commission Regulation (EC) No 2701/98 of 17 December 1998.

The production value measures the amount actually produced by the unit, based on sales, including changes in stocks and the resale of goods and services. The production value is defined as turnover, plus or minus the changes in stocks of finished products, work in progress and goods and services purchased for resale, minus the purchases of goods and services for resale, plus capitalised production, plus other operating income (excluding subsidies). Income and expenditure classified as financial or extra-ordinary in company accounts is excluded from production value. Included in purchases of goods and services for resale are the purchases of services purchased in order to be rendered to third parties in the same condition.

Value added at factor cost is the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes. It can be calculated from turnover, plus capitalised production, plus other operating income, plus or minus the changes in stocks, minus the purchases of goods and services, minus other taxes on products which are linked to turnover but not deductible, minus the duties and taxes linked to production. Alternatively it can be calculated from gross operating surplus by adding personnel costs. Income and expenditure classified as financial or extra-ordinary in company accounts is excluded from value added. Value added at factor costs is calculated "gross" as value adjustments (such as depreciation) are not subtracted.

Investment in all tangible goods includes new and existing tangible capital goods, whether bought from third parties or produced for own use (i.e. capitalised production of tangible capital goods), having a useful life of more than one year including non-produced tangible goods such as land. The threshold for the useful life of a good that can be capitalised may be increased according to company accounting practices where these practices require a greater expected useful life than the 1 year threshold indicated above. All investments are valued prior to (i.e. gross of) value adjustments, and before the deduction of income from disposals. Purchased goods are valued at purchase price, i.e. transport and installation charges, fees, taxes and other costs of ownership transfer are included. Own produced tangible goods are valued at production cost. Goods acquired through restructurations (such as mergers, take-overs, break-ups, split-off) are excluded. Purchases of small tools which are not capitalised are included under current expenditure. Also included are all additions, alterations, improvements and renovations which prolong the service life or increase the productive capacity of capital goods. Current maintenance costs are excluded as is the value and current expenditure on capital goods used under rental and lease contracts. Investment in intangible and financial assets are excluded. Concerning the recording of investments where the invoicing, delivery, payment and first use of the good may take place in different reference periods, the following method is proposed as an objective. Investments are recorded when the ownership is transferred to the unit that intends to use them. Capitalised production is recorded when produced. Concerning the recording of investments made in identifiable stages, each part-investment should be recorded in the reference period in which they are made.

Gross investment in machinery and equipment covers machinery (office machines, etc.), special vehicles used on the premises, other machinery and equipment, all vehicles and boats used off the premises, i.e. motor cars, commercial vehicles and lorries as well as special vehicles of all types, boats, railway wagons, etc. acquired new or second hand during the reference period. Machinery and equipment acquired through restructurations (such as mergers, take-overs, break-ups, split-off) are excluded. Also included are all additions, alterations, improvements and renovations which prolong the service life or increase the productive capacity of these capital goods. Current maintenance costs are excluded.

Employment is defined as the total number of persons who work in the observation unit (inclusive of working proprietors, partners working regularly in the unit and unpaid family workers), as well as persons who work outside the unit who belong to it and are paid by it (e.g. sales representatives, delivery personnel, repair and maintenance teams). It Includes persons absent for a short period (e.g. sick leave, paid leave or special leave), and also those on strike, but not those absent for an indefinite period. It also includes part-time workers who are regarded as such under the laws of the country concerned and who are on the pay-roll, as well as seasonal workers, apprentices and home workers on the pay-roll. The number of persons engaged excludes manpower supplied to the unit by other enterprises, persons carrying out repair and maintenance work in the enquiry unit on behalf of other enterprises, as well as those on compulsory military service. Unpaid family workers refer to persons who live with the proprietor of the unit and work regularly for the unit, but do not have a contract of service and do not receive a fixed sum for the work they perform. This is limited to those persons who are not included on the payroll of another unit as their principal occupation.

Employment, employees is defined as those persons who work for an employer and who have a contract of employment and receive compensation in the form of wages, salaries, fees, gratuities, piecework pay or remuneration in kind. The relationship of employer to employee exists when there is an agreement, which may be formal or informal, between an enterprise and a person, normally entered into voluntarily by both parties, whereby the person works for the enterprise in return for remuneration in cash or in kind. A worker is considered to be a wage or salary earner of a particular unit if he or she receives a wage or salary from the unit regardless of where the work is done (in or outside the production unit). A worker from a temporary employment agency is considered to be an employee of the temporary employment agency and not of the unit (customer) in which they work. In particular the following are considered as employees: paid working proprietors, students who have a formal commitment whereby they contribute to the unit's process of production in return for remuneration and/or education services, employees engaged under a contract specifically designed to encourage the recruitment of unemployed persons and home workers if there is an explicit agreement that the home worker is remunerated on the basis of the work done and he is included on the pay-roll. The number of salaried employees includes part-time workers, seasonal workers, persons on strike or on short-term leave, but excludes those persons on long-term leave. It does not include voluntary workers. The number of salaried employees is calculated in the same manner as the number of persons engaged, namely as the number of jobs and is measured as an annual average.

Compensation of labour, employees is defined as the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable by an employer to an employee (regular and temporary employees as well as home workers) in return for work done by the latter during the reference period. Personnel costs also include taxes and employees' social security contributions retained by the unit as well as the employer's compulsory and voluntary social contributions. It is made up of wages and salaries and employers' social security costs. All remuneration paid during the reference period is included, regardless of whether it is paid on the basis of working time, output or piecework, and whether it is paid regularly or not. Included are all gratuities, workplace and performance bonuses, ex gratia payments, thirteenth month pay (and similar fixed bonuses), payments made to employees in consideration of dismissal, lodging, transport, cost of living and family allowances, commissions, attendance fees, overtime, night work etc. as well as taxes, social security contributions and other amounts owed by the employees and retained at source by the employers. Also included are the social security costs for the employer. These include employer's social security contributions to schemes for retirement pensions, sickness, maternity, disability, unemployment, occupational accidents and diseases, family allowances as well as other schemes. These costs are included regardless of whether they are statutory, collectively agreed, contractual or voluntary in nature. Payments for agency workers are not included in personnel costs.

Wages and salaries, employees are defined as "the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable to all persons counted on the payroll (including home workers), in return for work done during the accounting period." regardless of whether it is paid on the basis of working time, output or piecework and whether it is paid regularly or not. They include the values of any social contributions, income taxes, etc. payable by the employee even if they are actually withheld by the employer and paid directly to social insurance schemes, tax authorities, etc. on behalf of the employee but do not include social contributions payable by the employer. Wages and salaries include: all gratuities, bonuses, ex gratia payments, "thirteenth month payments", severance payments, lodging, transport, cost-of-living, and family allowances, tips, commission, attendance fees, etc. received by employees, as well as taxes, social security contributions and other amounts payable by employees and withheld at source by the employer. Wages and salaries which the employer continues to pay in the event of illness, occupational accident, maternity leave or short-time working may be recorded here or under social security costs, dependent upon the unit's accounting practices. Payments for agency workers are not included in wages and salaries.

Employers' social costs, employees correspond to an amount equal to the value of the social contributions incurred by employers in order to secure for their employees the entitlement to social benefits. Social security costs for the employer include the employer's social security contributions to schemes for retirement pensions, sickness, maternity, disability, unemployment, occupational accidents and diseases, family allowances as well as other schemes. Included are the costs for all employees including home workers and apprentices. Charges are included for all schemes, regardless of whether they are statutory, collectively agreed, contractual or voluntary in nature. Wages and salaries which the employer continues to pay in the event of illness, occupational accident, maternity leave or short-time working may be recorded here or under wages and salaries, dependent upon the unit's accounting practices.

The enterprise is the smallest combination of legal units that is an organisational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision-making, especially for the allocation of its current resources. An enterprise carries out one or more activities at one or more locations. An enterprise may be a sole legal unit. The enterprise thus defined is an economic entity which can therefore, under certain circumstances, correspond to a grouping of several legal units. Some legal units, in fact, perform activities exclusively for other legal units and their existence can only be explained by administrative factors (e.g. tax reasons), without them being of any economic significance. A large proportion of the legal units with no persons employed also belongs to this category. In many cases, the activities of these legal units should be seen as ancillary activities of the parent legal unit they serve, to which they belong and to which they must be attached to form an enterprise used for economic analysis. Dormant units are excluded. This statistic should include all units active during at least a part of the reference period.

Publications

  1. Statistical News, Series General Economic Statistics;
  2. www.statistikbanken.dk, but the information are at the moment only in Danish.

All are published by Danmarks Statistik.

 
FINLAND  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Statistics Finland, Helsinki
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.stat.fi/index_en.html
UNITS

 

Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 FIM euro)

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

 
Classification

The classification, derived from NACE Revision 1, is the Finnish Standard Industrial Classification 1995 (SIC-95).

It is in line with the ISIC Revision 3.

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Data are derived from three sources: the Structural business statistics on industry (ISIC categories C to F) or the Structural business statistics on services (ISIC categories G to O); Tax return files supplied by the National Board of Taxation; the Business Register of Statistics Finland.

The structural surveys cover the fiscal year, ended during a calendar year.

Industrial sectors:

The statistical unit is the establishment.

Since the year 1996, the size threshold of the survey is 20 employees. The number of units covered by the survey is about 4,200.

The total number of units available in the administrative source is about 60,000. Estimates for non-response are obtained from tax files.

The method of data collection has been changed in 1995, therefore comparable data is available only for 1995-1998.

Service sectors:

The statistical unit is the enterprise (legal unit).

The Structural business statistics on services covers all enterprises with more than 10, 20 or 50 employees depending on the activity. The number of units covered by the survey is about 4,700.

The total number of units available in the administrative source is about 160,000. Estimates for non-response are obtained from tax files.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production or output includes the values of shipments of goods and services produced by the unit, the receipts for industrial work done or industrial services rendered to others, the sales of goods shipped in the same condition as received (less the amount paid for these goods), the net change in stocks of finished goods, work in progress, and stocks of goods purchased for resale, the value of electricity sold, the sales of products manufactured by subcontractors, the value of capital assets manufactured for own use, and receipts for non-industrial services. It excludes income from sales of capital assets produced on own accounts. Direct government subsidies related to current production and import and export subsidies are included. Assistance in the form of interest subsidies is excluded. VAT, deductible VAT, commodity taxes invoiced to the client by the producer and non-commodity taxes paid by the producer are excluded. The valuation is at basic prices.

Value added at factor costs is the gross income from operating activities. It can be calculated from output by excluding the following items: value of industrial materials and services for processing, costs of industrial services received, and operating costs and payments for services of a non-industrial nature. It is valued in factor costs, excluding indirect taxes and including subsidies.

Investment (capital formation) is expenditure on the purchase of fixed assets plus own-account construction of assets. Fixed assets include investments in equipment goods, buildings, other construction and other fixed assets and exclude investments in land and water resources. They are investments with a productive life of at least one year, and include assets made by a unit's labour force for its own use; additions, alterations, improvements and repairs to existing assets; new assets (whether or not in use) and used assets. The valuation is at full cost incurred, including delivered price, cost of installation and fees and taxes.

Investment in machinery and equipment follows the same definition. Expenditure on transport equipment, industrial machinery and equipment, office machinery, equipment and furniture, professional instruments and equipment are included together with alterations and improvements to these items.

Employment relates to the total number of persons engaged and covers all persons who work for an employer and receive compensation in the form of wages, salaries, fees, gratuities, piecework pay or remuneration in kind. It includes part-time and seasonal workers, apprentices, home workers, working proprietors, working partners who draw regular earnings, unpaid family workers, directors of incorporated enterprises, persons who work outside the unit, belong to it and are paid by it, voluntary workers, persons on short term leave and persons on strike.

Employment, employees covers total number of salaried employees excluding working proprietors, working partners who draw regular earnings and unpaid family workers.

Hours worked by operatives are measured by the actual hours worked by manual workers for the output of the observation unit during the fiscal year, including overtime hours calculated in terms of actual hours spent at work, time spent at the place of work on work such as preparation of the workplace, repairs and maintenance, preparation and cleaning of tools and time spent at the place of work waiting or standing by for such reasons as lack of supply of work, breakdown of machinery or accidents. Are excluded hours paid but not actually worked such as annual leave, holidays and sick leave.

Compensation of labour, employees is defined as wages and salaries for employees and employers’ social costs.

Wages and salaries, employees cover all paid regular and overtime wages and salaries, cash payments, bonuses, cost-of-living allowances, paid education, vacation and sick leave along with taxes and social insurance contributions payable by employees and deducted by employers, and payments in kind. It includes the total remuneration in cash or in kind, payable in return for work done during the year.

Employers’ social costs are employers' legally required supplements to wages and salaries. They cover statutory social insurance contributions and voluntary social insurance contributions of a statutory nature.

Publications

  1. Statistics on the Structure of Industry and Construction;
  2. Preliminary Data on Finnish Industry;
  3. The Business enterprises – net results and balance sheets;
  4. Net results and balance sheets, preliminary data.

All publications are distributed by Statistics Finland, Helsinki, in the series of Official Statistics of Finland.

 
FRANCE  
NAME OF INSTITUTION SESSI (the statistical service of the Ministry of Industry) for industrial statistics

Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (INSEE, Paris) for service statistics

INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.evariste.anvar.fr/sessi (in French)

http://www.insee.fr/en/home/home_page.asp

UNITS

 

Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 FRF euro)

Other variables: units

 
Industrial statistics have been supplied by SESSI (the statistical service of the Ministry of Industry) while statistics on services have been supplied by the French Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (INSEE, Paris).

Classification

The French classification is the NAF-1993 (Nomenclature d'Activités Françaises), divided into five levels.

NAF-1993 is fully compatible with NACE Revision 1 and with ISIC Revision 3.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Statistics are derived from the annual business survey (Enquête Annuelle d'Entreprise - EAE) which covers all enterprises of at least 20 salaried employees and enterprises of less than 20 employees with an important turnover, excluding arms and farm-produce industries but covering energy, i.e. about 22,000 enterprises in 2000.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production corresponds to the total value of goods and services, sold, stocked or immobilised, that have been produced during the year. It excludes resales of goods (trading activity). Sold products include the margin realised by the enterprises. The immobilised production corresponds to the costs of work done by the enterprise on own account. Stocked production and immobilised production are estimated at producers’ cost, excluding deductible VAT and subsidies.

Gross value added at factor costs is calculated as production, plus sold goods, less intermediate consumption (which corresponds to purchased goods, materials, fuels and other supplies, plus net change in stocks of goods, materials, fuels and other supplies, plus other external purchases and costs), plus subsidies and less taxes and assimilated payments.

Investment data is the sum of the value of acquisitions of either new or used assets and production of fixed capital. It includes the balance of fixed assets in progress but excludes intangible and financial assets and equipment financed by leasing. Its valuation is made at acquisition costs.

Employment, employees, which corresponds to the average number of employees during the financial year, includes all persons who receive wages and salaries from the enterprise, even if they work in another enterprise and whatever their status is (directors, home workers, …). It does not include interim employed persons. Part time workers are counted in proportion to their part time.

Wages and salaries, employees correspond to the remuneration paid by the employer during the financial year (*) to compensate for the work of his employees (excluding interim employed persons and workers on hire). They exclude employer's contributions to social security, which are given separately.

Employers’ social costs are the social contributions paid by the employer during the year (*) (sickness, maternity, old age, unemployment, …). They have to be specified in statutory, collectively agreed or contractual arrangements.

* Note: if the financial year exceeds 12 months, production, value added, wages and salaries and employers’ social costs are systematically recalculated on an annual basis.

SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Data are derived from annual business surveys (Enquête Annuelle d’Entreprise, EAE).

The EAE-trade surveyed the whole trade activities, retail trade and wholesale trade, including the commission trade, sale and repair of motor vehicles and the craftsmen activities such as pork-butcher’s trade and bakery and pastry activities.

The EAE-services surveyed post and telecommunications, real estate activities, hotels and restaurants, consultancy and assistance, operational services, travel agencies, radio and television activities, news agencies activities, personal services and activities auxiliaries to insurance.

Surveys are exhaustive above a certain threshold (generally, more than 20 salaried employees or with a turnover exceeding 250 Millions Francs in trade activities; more than 30 salaried employees or with a turnover exceeding 30 Millions Francs in services) and are completed by sample surveys under these thresholds. Every two years (depending on the sector), data regarding small enterprises are derived from their tax declarations, rather than from questionnaires.

For data from 1996, all enterprises are covered except in transport activities where only enterprises with 6 employees or more are surveyed.

Concepts and definitions of variables

In trade activities, production refers to the total turnover excluding taxes, plus the stocked and immobilised production after deduction of the costs of merchandises.

In service activities, production, or enlarged production, refers to the total turnover, as well as the value of the production stocked and immobilised. The stocked production corresponds to the production of services not yet sold (project and provision of services in progress). The immobilised production corresponds to the production of services done by the enterprise on own account and not for sale (films, TV programmes, software...).

In trade activities, value added corresponds to value added at market prices. It is calculated as production less costs of materials and other external purchases and external costs.

In service activities, value added also corresponds to value added at market prices. It is calculated as production, less intermediate consumption (purchase of merchandises or materials, variation of stocks of merchandises and materials and other external purchases and external costs).

Investment data is the sum of the value of acquisitions and production of fixed capital. It includes capital goods received from outside contribution.

Employment, employees is defined as the average of the numbers of salaried employees converted to full-time equivalent at the end of each quarter. Part time workers are counted in proportion to their part time.

Compensation of labour, employees covers the wages and salaries paid to the employees by the employer during the year as well as employer's contributions to social security. These two components concern neither non-salaried employees, nor labour force made available to the unit by other units and interim employed persons.

Wages and salaries, employees correspond to the remuneration paid by the employer during the year to compensate for the work of his employees including social contributions payable by the employees but excluding employer's contributions to social security.

Publications

  1. La situation dans l'industrie (paper publication);
  2. L'industrie française en 300 secteurs (CD-ROM);
  3. Les entreprises du commerce (annual publication and CD-ROM : gives details alternatively for wholesale and retail trade);
  4. Les entreprises des services (annual publication and CD-ROM : gives details alternatively on services to enterprises / services to private persons);
  5. La France des Services (collection Références);
  6. Other thematic or synthetical publications.

Publications i), ii) and vi) are distributed by the SESSI, iii) to v) by INSEE.

 
GERMANY  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Federal Statistical Office (Statistisches Bundesamt), Wiesbaden.
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.destatis.de/e_home.htm
UNITS

 

Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 DEM euro)

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

METHODOLOGICAL BREAK Between 1997 and 1998 and between 1999 and 2000 (see below).
 
Classification

The data are collected and compiled according to the 1993 edition of the national classification of economic activities (Klassification der Wirtschaftszweige, Ausgabe 1993 - WZ93).

WZ93 corresponds to NACE Revision 1 up to the fourth level and can be converted into ISIC Revision 3.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Until 1998, the figures are derived from monthly inquiries (with local units as statistical units).

Since 1998, the figures for Industry are derived from the yearly survey (Kostenstrukturerhebung) completed by the yearly survey on Investment (Investitionserhebungen) carried out by the Statistical Office. The inquiry covers all legal units (enterprises) with 20 or more persons.

For the year 2000, all enterprises are covered including those with less than 20 employees for which estimates were used.

Concepts and definitions of variables

definitions of variables are consistent with the Regulation (CE) No 2700/98 of the Commission of European Communities of 17/12/1998.

Production relates to turnover from own production based on invoice values and includes proceeds from goods sold as purchased, from the sale of waste, power and similar items. Proceeds from non-industrial activities (interest payments, rentals and dividends) are excluded. The value of shipments also excludes VAT or turnover taxes but includes excise duties, costs for freight packing, postage and other changes. Shipments between units of the same enterprise are not recorded.

Employment figures are annual averages of all persons engaged at month's end. Included are working proprietors, active business partners, unpaid family workers, provided they are working for at least one third of the usual working time. Part-time and temporary employees are covered as well as apprentices. Home workers are excluded.

Hours worked by operatives cover hours worked, including overtime, by manual workers which are defined as persons engaged who are subject to obligatory insurance in the workers' old age insurance funds. This includes industrial apprentices but not home workers. The following categories are also included: supervisors, casual and part-time workers.

Total wages and salaries exclude employer's contributions to social security. All payments for interim employed persons are included: contributions to company old age pensions institutions are excluded.

SERVICE STATISTICS (Trade and Hotels and Restaurants)

Source

The figures for Trade and Hotels and Restaurants are derived from the yearly survey carried out by the Office (Jahreserhebung in Handel und Gastgewerbe).

Concepts and definitions of variables

definitions of variables are consistent with the Regulation (CE) No 2700/98 of the Commission of European Communities of 17/12/1998.

Production (output) is defined as the sum of the values shipments of products or services produced by the unit, the sales of goods shipped in the same condition as received (resales), the net change in stocks of finished goods, the net change in stocks of work in progress and the net change in stocks of goods purchased for resale in the same condition as received. It includes the sales of products manufactured by subcontractors and other operating income (such as ("Miet- und Pachterträge, Honorare für Patents, Warenzeichen und Lizenzen) and receipts for non-industrial services. Commodity taxes invoiced to the client by the producer are included. The value of shipments excludes VAT and deductible VAT, non-commodity taxes paid by the producer as well as all subsidies. Production is valued at producers’ prices.

Value added corresponds to output minus the value of industrial materials and processing for processing, the cost of industrial services received and operating costs and payments for services of a non-industrial nature. Value added is valued at factor costs.

Investment is defined as the sum of new and used fixed assets purchased and fixed assets produced by the unit for its own use, including repair and maintenance. Fixed assets refer to land for the unit’s business, building directly or indirectly linked to the production process, site preparation and other construction work and machinery and other plant which are used by the unit for its own purposes. Additions, alterations, improvements and renovations which prolong the service life or increase the productive capacity of capital goods are also included. Investment includes transportation costs, taxes, VAT and insurance for goods in transit.

Employment corresponds to all persons engaged who worked for an employer and received compensation in the form of wages, salaries, fees, gratuities, piecework pay or remuneration in kind. Included are working proprietors, active business partners, unpaid family workers, persons working outside the unit who belong to it and are paid by it. Part-time and temporary employees are covered as well as apprentices and home workers receiving compensation. Persons on short-term leave (sick leave, annual leave, training leave) and persons on strike are also included.

Total wages and salaries refer to wages and salaries paid in cash or in kind to employees, in return of work done during the reference period, including overtime and night time. All bonuses (workplace, performance, seniority, productivity …), cost-of-living and family allowances, benefits in the form of money, meat, housing .., payments for days off such as leave or public holidays, sick leave, training and travel are included as well as taxes and social contributions payable by the employees but deducted by employers.

Compensation of labour corresponds to the sum of wages and salaries and employers’ social contributions to schemes for sickness, maternity leave, invalidity, disability, old age, retirement or survival pensions, unemployment, work accidents and occupational diseases. Employers’ contributions have to be specified in a statutory arrangement, a collectively agreed arrangement or contractual arrangement.

The enterprise is the smallest legal unit.

Publications

  1. Fachserie 4, Reihe 6.1 "Beschäftigung, Umsatz, Investitionen und Kostenstruktur der Unternehmen in der Energie- und Wasserversorgung"
  2. Fachserie 4, Reihe 4.2.1 "Beschäftigte, Umsatz und Investitionen der Unternehmen und Betriebe des Verarbeitenden Gewerbes sowie des Bergbaus und der Gewinnung von Steinen und Erden"
  3. Fachserie 4, Reihe 5.2 "Beschäftigung, Umsatz und Investitionen der Unternehmen im Baugewerbe"

These publications are distributed by Statistisches Bundesamt.

 
GREECE  
NAME OF INSTITUTION National Statistical Service of Greece (NSSG), Athena
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.statistics.gr/new_site/English/MainPage/index_eng.htm
UNITS

 

Monetary variables: millions of EUR (2001 GRD euro)

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

METHODOLOGICAL BREAK Between 1994 and 1995
 
Classification

Data are established according to the Greek classification based on the NACE Revision 1.

It is compatible with ISIC revision 3 up to the 2-digit level codes.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Data are derived from surveys carried out by the National Statistical Service of Greece:

  • the Annual Industrial Survey which covers manufacturing establishments with 10 or more salaried employees; since 1993, all establishments with 10 or more salaried employees are exhaustively surveyed;
  • the Annual Statistical Survey in Mines and Quarries;
  • the Annual Surveys in Electricity and Gas (from 2000) which cover the two enterprises engaged in the production and distribution for public use. Distribution of water is covered from 1993 by an Annual Survey on Water Distribution. Distribution of steam is not included.

The reference unit is the establishment except for electricity and gas where the unit is the enterprise.

Concepts and definitions of variables

definitions of variables conform to the 58/97 EU Structural Business Statistics Regulation.

In particular, definitions for production; value added at factor cost; investments; employment, employees; compensation of labour, employees; wages and salaries, employees and establishments follow the EU definitions codes: respectively 12 12 0, 12 15 0, 15 11 0, 16 13 0, 13 31 0, 13 32 0, 11 21 0.

Publications

  1. Annual survey in industry;
  2. Annual statistical survey in mining and quarrying industries;
  3. Statistical Yearbook;
  4. Monthly Statistical Bulletin.

All are published by the National Statistical Service of Greece (NSSG).

 
HUNGARY  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Hungarian Central Statistical Office (HCSO)
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.ksh.hu/pls/ksh/docs/index_eng.html
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of HUF

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

METHODOLOGICAL BREAK Between 1997 and 1998
 
Classification

Data are now classified according to the Hungarian Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (Tevékenységek Egységes Ágazati Osztályozási Rendszere - TEÁOR 98). Previously they were classified according to TEÁOR 92.

TEÁOR 98 is conform with ISIC Revision 3 and NACE Revision 1, while TEÁOR 92 was harmonised with ISIC Revision 3 and NACE Revision 1 only at 2-digit level. (At 3- and 4-digit level there were some discrepancies between the nomenclatures).

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Data are derived from various sources: the Annual Structural Business Statistics and the new Annual Performance Statistics for Production and Value Added; the Annual Investment Statistics for investment data; the Sub annual institutional labour statistical survey for variables relating to employment and wages and salaries.

The Annual Performance Statistics covers business enterprises having more than 19 employees. The Annual Investment Statistics covers enterprises having more than 19 employees and all budgetary institutions and non-profit institutions (independently from the number of employees). Both of them are complemented by a stratified sample survey (the Annual Simplified Performance Statistics and the Annual Simplified Investment Statistics) for business enterprises having 5-19 employees.

Concepts and definitions of variables

The production value measures the amount actually produced by the unit, based on sales. It includes the net changes in stocks of finished goods and work in progress, the value of capital assets manufactured for own use and the income from sales of capital assets produced on own accounts. It excludes the resale of goods and services in the same condition as received and the net change in stocks of goods purchased for resale in the same condition as received, the value of electricity sold and the sales of products manufactured by subcontractors. Commodity and non-commodity taxes paid by the producer as well as import and export subsidies and assistance in the form of interest subsidies are included. VAT, deductible VAT and direct government subsidies relating to current production are excluded. Production is valuated at producers’ prices.

Value added at factor cost is the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes. It includes the payments for repair and maintenance work but excludes the payments for contract and commission work and the value of industrial materials and services for processing.

Investment covers expenditures in all tangible goods during the reference period. Included are new and used tangible capital goods, whether purchased from third parties or produced for own use (i.e. capitalised production of tangible capital goods), having a useful life of more than one year. Improvements, repairs and renovation carried out either by the unit or by third parties are included. Investment in land and current maintenance costs are excluded.

Investment in machines and equipment relates to new and existing machines, whether bought from third parties or produced for own use, having a useful life of more than one year.

Employment, employees refers to the average staff number of paid employees. Only full-time workers are covered.

Wages and salaries, employees include bonuses and vacation pay. Benefits in kind and sick leave pay are excluded.

Publications

  1. Statistical Yearbook of Hungary;
  2. Yearbook of Industrial and Construction Statistics;
  3. Gross Fixed Capital Formation.

All the above are published annually by the HCSO.

 
ICELAND  
NAME OF INSTITUTION National Economic Institute (Þjóðhagsstofnun) of Iceland, Reykjavik
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.ths.is/eng/english.htm
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of ISK

Other variables: units

 
Classification

The national classification was based on ISIC Revision 1 from 1958; the data provided are converted to ISIC Revision 2 from 1968. NACE Revision 1 has been introduced and will be implemented in statistics from 1997 onwards.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Data come from Tax Records, an administrative source updated annually. The National Economic Institute annually draws a sample of financial statements out of tax records.

For production and value added the stratified samples drawn are "grossed up" to the total size according to the proportion between the total wage bill and the sample bill. Employment figures are based on administrative register of total coverage.

Establishments and kind-of-activity units are used as basic reference units.

The reference period is the calendar year.

Concepts and definitions of variables

From 1992 onwards, production (gross output) is valued in basic prices, including all subsidies on products but excluding VAT; before 1992 gross output is valued in producers' prices, excluding all subsidies and VAT. The value of all products is taken, allowing for net changes of work in progress.

Value added uses the "national accounting" concept of value added. It is calculated as the value of gross output less the cost of materials, fuels and other supplies, of contract and commission work done by others, of repair and maintenance work done by others and of electricity purchased. It includes receipts for non-industrial services but excludes the cost of non-industrial services. Input estimates are made on a consumed basis. The valuation is the same as for production.

Employment is calculated as the number of work years, based on the number of insured weeks of work provided by a register-based tax-source. Included are working proprietors, active business partners, unpaid family workers, self-employed, salaried employees and wage earners. Full-time and part-time employees are covered, as well as clerical workers or supervisory personnel performing functions closely related to the production process. Employment data are converted to full-time equivalent (FTE).

Employment, employees includes all salaried employees, excluding working proprietors, active business partners and unpaid family workers.

Compensation of labour, employees is defined as the "national accounting" concept of "compensation of employees". It covers employees only, excluding the self-employed, and includes wages and salaries as well as employers' social contributions for all employees.

Publications

  1. Thjodarbuskapurinn (The Icelandic Economy);
  2. Atvinnuvegaskýrslur (Industrial Statistics), annual;
  3. Historical Statistics, published every other year;
  4. Compiling Icelandic National Accounts, documentation of methods applied, output and expenditure approaches, Reykjavik, January 1996.

All the publications above are published by the National Economic Institute.

 
IRELAND  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Irish Central Statistics Office
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.cso.ie
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 IEP euro)

Other variables: units

 
Classification

During the past couple of years, NACE Revision 1 has been progressively introduced for most of the statistics surveyed in Ireland. Remaining areas will adopt the new classification within the next couple of years.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Data are taken from the Annual Census of Industrial Local Units. This census relates to all units engaged in industrial activity which have on average three or more persons engaged during the year.

The extent to which separate returns are obtained in practice, however, depends on the availability of separate records in the business for the different local units.

The EU Regulation requires a detailed set of annual information for all industrial and service sectors. For industry this requirement is already largely met by the annual Census of Industrial Local Units. However, for services existing inquiries addressed conducted on a rotating three-year basis will have to be conducted annually and extended both in terms of data collected and sectors surveyed.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production (gross output) represents the net selling value of all goods manufactured in the year, whether sold or not, including work done and capital assets manufactured for own use. Operating subsidies related to the production or sales of the output are included in the value of gross output; excise duty and VAT are excluded. Prior to 1991, the value of capital work done on own account was included in gross output only in the case of two industries, namely electricity and turf production.

Value added (net output) is the difference between gross output and industrial input. Industrial input consists of the industrial materials, industrial services and fuel and power used in the production of the output. Valuation is exclusive of deductible VAT.

Investment is gross fixed capital formation (GFCF). Capital Assets (land, buildings, plant and equipment) are defined as goods with an expected useful life of more than one year intended for use by the local unit itself. Acquisitions include purchases from other local units and production by the local unit itself of capital goods for its own use. Major alterations, improvements and repairs that extend the useful life of an asset or increase its productivity are included. The value of work put in place during the year is included whether or not completed. Acquisitions are valued at total cost including installation charges and fees or duties but excluding deductible VAT and financial costs. Sales are valued at the price actually received excluding VAT. GFCF is the difference between the acquisitions and sales of capital assets.

Employment, total is the sum of employees and proprietors, partners and members of their family who work regularly in the local unit without being paid a definite wage or salary.

Employment, employees corresponds to persons who are paid a fixed wage or salary. Persons at work or temporarily absent because of illness, holidays, strikes, etc. are included, as are part-time workers. Outside piece-workers, i.e. home workers are excluded. The numbers given for each year refer to a week in September.

Wages and salaries, employees are defined as the gross amount paid to all employees, excluding outside piece-workers, before deduction of income tax, employees' contributions to social security etc. Overtime pay, bonuses, commissions, holiday pay and sick pay are included. Payments to working proprietors and home workers are excluded.

The establishments include all separate local units of multi-location enterprises, even if separate details are not provided by the respondent. The local unit is defined as an enterprise or part thereof situated in a geographically identified place.

Publication

  1. Census of Industrial Production 1999 released by the Central Statistics Office in 2001.
 
ITALY  
NAME OF INSTITUTION National Institute of Statistics (Istituto Nazionale di Statistica), Rome
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.istat.it/English/index.htm
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 ITL euro)

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

METHODOLOGICAL BREAK Between 1994 and 1995 and between 1997 and 1998
 
Classification

The national NACE-related classification has been converted to ISIC.  The 4-digit data, produced by surveys on enterprises accounts, enable to carry out a full conversion NACE-ISIC.

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

The Institute annually conducts two surveys on economic and financial enterprise accounts for extra - agricultural sectors[1]

Up to 1992, only enterprises with 20 or more persons employed were covered by a total survey.  Several attempts were made to account for units below the threshold of 20 persons employed.

Beginning from 1992, a sample survey for enterprises with less than 20 persons employed is carried out.

In 1998, the threshold of the total survey was moved to 100 employees, covering large enterprises, while the sample survey is carried out for enterprises with 1 to 99 employees. 

For the total survey, a postal questionnaire is sent to around 9,000 enterprises listed in the ISTAT’s Enterprise Register. The survey collects data concerning profit-and-loss accounts and balance sheets. Moreover, information regarding employment, investment, personnel costs and certain regional items is also collected.  For the reference year 2000, information from administrative sources is used for non-respondent units.

For the sample survey, a postal questionnaire is sent to a sample of around 120,000 enterprises taken from the ISTAT Register (ASIA). The aim of the survey is to investigate profit and loss account of small enterprises and data on employment and investment.


[1] Financial service sectors are also excluded.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production, or gross output net of indirect taxes and subsidies, is valued in selling prices, excluding VAT. Electricity sold, fixed assets produced for own use and goods made by other enterprises are included, making allowance for changes in stocks of finished goods and of work in progress.

Value added, net of indirect subsidies and taxes, uses the "census" concept of value added. The valuation excludes all indirect taxes and subsidies. It is calculated as gross output plus receipts for non-industrial services, less the cost of materials, fuels and other supplies; contract and commission work done and repair and maintenance by others; electricity purchases; and non-industrial services. Input estimates are made on a received basis, making adjustment for stock changes in materials, fuels and other supplies.

Investment (gross fixed capital formation), value of sales not deducted, is defined as the value of purchases of fixed assets, including own-account construction. Fixed assets covered are those with a productive life of at least one year. Assets made by a unit's labour force for its own use; additions, alterations, improvements and repairs to existing assets; new assets (not yet in use, or previously used outside the country) and used assets are all included. The valuation is at full cost incurred, including installation expenses.

Investment in machinery and equipment is gross fixed capital formation in machinery and equipment, value of sales not deducted, is given for. Using the same definition, it covers transport equipment, industrial machinery, equipment and furniture, professional instruments and equipment. Alterations, improvements and repairs are also included.

Employment gives the number of persons engaged, based on the average number of employees through the year plus the total number of other persons engaged at four fixed dates. These dates are 31 March, 30 June, 30 September and 31 December. Working proprietors, active business partners, unpaid family workers, the self-employed, salaried employees and wage earners are all included.

Employment, employees is the sum of white-color and blue-color employees.

Hours worked by operatives cover hours worked by manual workers, including overtime, rest periods and time on call. Annual leave, public holidays, sick leave and other paid leave are included. The following categories are excluded: employers, supervisors and apprentices.

Compensation of labour covers wages and salaries, and employers’ social costs and other grants payable by the employer. It includes regular and overtime cash payments, bonuses and cost-of-living allowances, vacation and sick leave pay, payments in kind and allowances.

Employers’ social costs are employers' contributions to social security schemes and to pension funds.

Enterprises, available as from 1997, cover all Italian enterprises, including the enterprises with less than 20 employees.

Publication

  1. Conti economici delle imprese: Collana Informazioni, ISTAT.
 
JAPAN  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)
Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.meti.go.jp/english
http://www.soumu.go.jp/english
UNITS  Monetary variables: billions of JPY

Other variables: units

 
Industrial Classification

The data are classified according to the Japanese Standard Industrial Classification (JSIC Rev. 10).

The JSIC Rev. 10 is consistent with ISIC Revision 3 up to the 4th digit level.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Mining data are derived from the annual Survey of Mining Trends in Japan which covers all establishments which belong to the mining industry, and enterprises to whom these establishments belong. The unit can be either the establishment or the enterprise, depending on the variables.

Manufacturing figures are derived from the annual Census of Manufacturers. This survey covers all establishments classified under Manufacturing except those belonging to the government and public service corporations.

Since 1981, however, surveys have been conducted on all establishments (including those with three employees or less) only in years where the last digit is 0, 3, 5 or 8. In all other years, the survey is limited to those establishments with four or more employees.

Investment figures cover establishments with 10 or more persons engaged. No attempt is made to account for units not covered.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Mining Industries:

Production at producers’ prices is the total value of production of each survey item, including the value of production when an establishment searching a mine produced a mineral during the survey, plus the revenue from mineral processing commissioned from another establishment, plus other revenues gained indirectly while doing business, excluding the value of production gained directly from mining and revenues from commissioned mineral processing. Other revenues include the following: (a) the amounts received for services, such as commissioned repair and rental of machinery and equipment; (b) the commissions for resale; (c) the sales of riprap, spent sand, wastes, scrap, or sullage produced by waste water treatment; (d) the revenue from sale of self-produced electricity. Other revenues do not include interest received, discounts, profit from sale of securities, profit from revaluation of securities, profit from sale of fixed assets, or subsidies.

Value added at producers’ prices corresponds to total output minus total input.

Investment expenditures (capital formation) refer to tangible fixed assets (including construction in process account) after depreciation and intangible fixed assets. Fixed assets used by two or more business sections (for example, in the head office building) are divided proportionately according to the sales of sections.

Employment, employees is the total of regular employees, and temporary and contract employees. Regular employees includes persons engaged for a definite period of 30 days or more, persons employed for 18 days or more during the previous and current months. Persons dispatched from a temporary staffing company or those loaned from the parent company are treated in the same manner as above. It also includes directors, officers and family members who work regularly and are paid monthly.

Wages and salaries, employees refer to the yearly cash payment to regular employees. They correspond to the total of payments to regular employees under a labour contract, organisation agreement, or payment regulation. Therefore, it is the total of basic salary, family allowance, overtime pay, commuting allowance and local allowance, including income taxes, insurance premiums and union dues. It does not include retirement money or labour-related expenses that are paid to employees under the Labour Standards Law, such as aid allowances, travel expenses, and legal welfare expenses.

Establishments correspond to either establishments that produce metallic minerals, coal/lignite, crude oil/natural gas, or non-metallic minerals, or establishments that conducted exploration for any of the above minerals during the year or that searched for mineral deposits by commissioning the exploration activities to another mining company or contractor, or establishments that produced any of the above minerals during the year, if suspending business on the day of the survey (December 31). Establishments are surveyed to collect the quantity and value of production of each item, the quantity and cost of fuels and electricity used for the production, and the cost of materials used. However, if an establishment also did business other than mining, we surveyed only the part connected with mining.

Manufacturing Industries:

Production at producers’ prices (gross output) is calculated in different ways:

  • for establishments with 30 or more persons engaged and for establishments with 10-29 persons engaged (in years where the last digit is 0 or 5), it represents the value of shipments of finished goods, adjusted for changes in stocks of finished goods and work in progress. Production of manufacturing is calculated as the value of shipments, plus the manufactured products’ stocks at the end of the year minus the manufactured products’ stocks at the end of the year, plus semi-manufactured and work-in-progress stocks at the end of the year minus semi-manufactured and work-in-progress stocks at the beginning of the year.
  • for establishments with 10-29 persons engaged (in years where the last digit is 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 or 9), it is equal to the value of shipments.

Value added at producers’ prices also depends on the size of the establishments:

  • for establishments with 30 or more persons engaged and for establishments with 10-29 persons engaged (in years where the last digit is 0 or 5), it is the value of production, less the value of excise taxes, less the value of raw materials, fuels and electricity consumed, and cost of contract and commission work done by others, less the value depreciated.
  • for establishments with 10-29 persons engaged (in years where the last digit is 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 or 9), it is the value of shipments, less the value of excise taxes, less the value of raw materials, fuels and electricity consumed, and cost of contract and commission work done by others, less the value depreciated.
  • for establishments with less than 9 persons engaged, it is the value of shipments, less the value of excise taxes, less the value of raw materials, fuels and electricity consumed, and cost of contract and commission work done by others.

Investment, for establishments with 10 or more persons engaged, is the value of tangible fixed assets based on the effective book value. The acquisition value of tangible fixed assets includes the following items: (a) Land; (b) Buildings and structures (including civil works and attached facilities); (c) Machinery and equipment (including attachments); (d) Vessels, rolling stock, vehicles, tools, apparatuses, fixtures and furniture with a durable life of a year or longer. With respect to survey years ending with 0 or 5 of the calendar year, value acquired is surveyed for new assets and second-hand assets, except land in item (a) above, for each year.

Investment in machinery and equipment corresponds to the acquisition value of machinery and equipment (including attachments) out of tangible fixed assets.

Employment is the total of regular employees, self-employed and unpaid family workers, as of the inquiry date. Self-employed and unpaid family workers are defined as private entrepreneurs engaged in business and their families working full time for them without remuneration. Accordingly, entrepreneurs not practically engaged in business and their dependants providing no more than casual help are not included in this definition.

Employment, employees comprises regular employees. Specifically included are the following: persons engaged for a definite period of 30 days or more, persons employed for 18 days or more during the previous and current months, directors and family workers who work full-time and are paid monthly.

Total wages and salaries is the total regular cash payments (including basic wages, subsidiaries and special cash payments) and others paid to all persons engaged during one year. Others consist of retirement allowances and discharge advances for salaried employees and all cash payments for temporary and day workers.

Wages and salaries, employees, for establishments with 30 or more persons engaged, relate to total regular cash payments (including basic wages, subsidiaries and special cash payments) paid to salaried employees during one year. Mining figures include payments to contract workers.

Establishments cover factories, works, plants, etc. . effective as of the inquiry date and engaged in manufacture or processing industrial products in individual sites.

SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Data are derived:

- from the Census of Commerce (for wholesale and retail trade industry, ISIC G), conducted every 5 years, which covers all establishments which belong to commerce;

- from the annual Survey of Selected Service Industries (for service sectors, part of ISIC K and O) which covers all establishments which run METI-related (selected) services, targeting the business and personal service activities;

- from the Survey on Service Industries, conducted every 5 years, which covers all establishments with 30 or more persons engaged, and is complemented by a sample survey for establishments with less than 30 persons engaged using a proportionate systematic sampling method.

The unit of all sources is the establishment, except in the Survey of Selected Service Industries for Engineering (ISIC 742) and Film Production and Distribution, and Video Software Distribution (ISIC 9211) for which the unit is the enterprise.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Trade activities:

Production at market prices corresponds to total sales during the year, including the consumption tax.

Establishments, defined in principle as a business unit based in one site under a single management, represent the number of commercial establishments effective as of the inquiry date.

Enterprises are the number of independent stores, head offices and general administration offices (head offices or the headquarters which is engaged only in administrative work and not stocking or sales of the goods) of the corporation store.

Other service activities:

Production at producers’ prices corresponds to total sales during the year before deducting expenses and so on, and including the consumption tax. For Information Service (for ISIC 722, 723, 724) and Advertising (for ISIC 743), sales on the service business of the establishment for which the business concerned is not the main work are included.

Establishments (respectively enterprises) represents the number of establishments (or enterprises) which run the related service targeting the business office or individual, effective as of the inquiry date.

All service activities:

Employment, employees is the number of regular employees out of the number of persons engaged (E). Specifically, included as regular employees are the following persons:

  1. Persons employed for a definite period of 30 days or more
  2. Persons employed for 18 days or more during the previous and current months
  3. Persons employed on a contract not exceeding one month or on a daily basis (for ISIC 73, 731, 732, 85, 852, 90, 91, 912, 9213, 922)
  4. Director who work full-time and are paid monthly
  5. Family workers who work full-time and are paid monthly

Employment corresponds to the total number of regular employees, self-employed workers, and unpaid family workers, as of the inquiry date. Self-employed and unpaid family workers are defined as private entrepreneurs engaged in business, with their families working full time for them without remuneration. Accordingly, entrepreneurs not practically engaged in business and their dependants providing no more than casual help are not included in this definition.

Publications

  1. Survey of Mining Trends in Japan, annual;
  2. Census of Manufacturers, annual (following editions: Industry, Commodity, Industrial Site and Water, Enterprise Statistics: distributed by the Government Publications Service Center; Municipality, Industrial Districts, Survey of Business Diversification: distributed by the Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry);
  3. Preliminary Report of Commercial Statistics;
  4. Statistics by Distribution Channel Edition (wholesale);
  5. Census of Commerce, Volumes 1 to 4, published every five years in accordance with the periodicity of data collection;
  6. Several publications (Large-scale Retail Store Statistics Edition, Statistics by Type of Business Edition, Statistics by Type of Site Environment Edition);
  7. Preliminary Report on Survey of Selected Service Industries;
  8. Report on Survey of Selected Service Industries (the following editions are published annually: Goods Rental and Leasing, Information Service; the following editions are published every three years: Advertising, Engineering, Commercial and Engineering Design, Environmental Inspection and Certification Services, Display, Machinery Design, Test/Analysis Services to Assist R&D, Telemarketing);
  9. 1999 Survey on Service Industries.

Publications i), iii) and iv) are distributed by the Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry; Publication v) is distributed by the Government Publications Service Centre; Publications vi), vii) and viii) are distributed by the Economy, Trade and Industry Statistics Association; Publication ix) is distributed by the Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications.

 
KOREA  
NAME OF INSTITUTION National Statistical Office of the Republic of Korea
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.nso.go.kr/eng
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of KRW

Other variables: units

 
Classification

The Korean Standard Industrial Classification is the SIC (8th edition, 1 March 2000).

It is in line with ISIC Revision 3 up to the 4th digit level.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Data are drawn from the annual Mining and Manufacturing Survey. All establishments with five or more employees are covered: about 92,000 were surveyed in 1999.

The statistical unit is the establishment.

The period covered is the calendar year.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production uses the census concept, which only covers activities of an industrial nature. Valuation is at producers’ prices, that is, those amounts receivable by the producer, less all commodity taxes, subsidies related to the production and separately invoiced transport charges. It comprises: the value of all products of the establishment; the net change between the beginning and the end of the reference period in the value of work in progress and finished and half-finished products; receipts for repairs and the value of industrial work done or industrial services rendered to others. Because it is compiles on a shipment basis, the net change in stocks of finished goods between the beginning and the end of the reference period is also included. The followings are excluded: the net change between the beginning and the end of the reference period in the value of stock of goods to be shipped in the same condition as received; the value of goods shipped in the same condition as received less the amount paid for these goods and the value of fixed assets produced by the unit for its own use.

Value added uses the census concept, which is defined as the value of census output less the value of census input. Items in the later are the value of materials and supplies for production (including cost of all fuel and produced electricity, water) and the cost of industrial services received (mainly payments for contract and commission work and repair and maintenance work). Valuation is at producers’ prices.

Investment refers to the value of fixed assets, purchased or constructed by the statistical unit’s own labour force for its own use, during the reference year. The value of corresponding sales is not subtracted from it. The fixed assets covered are those (whether new or used) with a productive life of one year or more. Major additions, alterations and improvements to existing assets which extend their normal economic life or raise their productivity are also included. Transactions in fixed assets include: land; buildings, other construction and land improvements; transport equipment; machinery and other equipment. Assets acquired from others are valued at purchasers’ prices, which cover all costs directly connected with the acquisition and installation of the items for use. Assets produced on own account are also valued in this manner. Assets produced by one establishment of a multi-establishments enterprise, for use by another establishment of the same enterprise, were valued by the receiving establishment as though purchased from outside the enterprise.

Investment in machinery and equipment is broken down by kind of equipment goods from whole investment for machinery.

Employment is the total number of persons who worked in or for the concerned unit during the reference year. The figures refer to the average number of persons engaged during the reference year, obtained as the sum of the average number of employees during the year and the total number of other persons engaged measured for a single period in the year. It includes: employees, working proprietors, active business partners, and unpaid family workers; part-time workers and seasonal workers on the payroll; persons on short-term leave (sick leave, annual leave, vacation) and persons on strike; and persons carrying out repair and maintenance work in the unit on the behalf of other units. It excludes: persons on indefinite leave or military leave; directors of incorporated enterprises and members of shareholders’ committees who are paid solely for their attendance at meetings; labour force made available to the concerned unit by other units and charged for, such as contract workers paid through contractors; and home workers.

Employment, employees includes all persons engaged, other than working proprietors, active business partners and unpaid family workers. It excludes directors of incorporated enterprises and members of shareholders’ committees who are paid solely for their attendance at meetings, labour force made available to the concerned unit by other units and charged for (such as contract workers paid through contractors), persons on indefinite leave or military leave and home workers. The figures refer to the average number of employees during the reference year.

Wages and salaries, employees include all money payments and payments in kind paid or supplied by the employer during the reference period to all employees counted on the payroll by way of remuneration for work done for the concerned unit. These payments include: direct wages and salaries and all payments in cash and for overtime; remuneration for time not worked, for example, bank holidays, paid vacation and sick leave; bonuses and gratuities, for example, holiday and performance bonuses; housing allowances and family allowances paid directly by the employer; payments in kind; taxes and social security contributions and similar contributions payable by the employee and deducted by the employer. They exclude social security, pension, retirement and other contributions payable by the employer.

Employers' social costs include all expenditures for employees' welfare and convenience, i.e. social security, pension, retirement and other contributions payable by the employer.

An establishment is a unit that engages, under a single ownership or control, in one or predominately one, kind of activity at a single location; for example a workshop or factory.

SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Data are drawn from annual surveys: Wholesale and Retail Trade Survey (50-55); Transportation Survey (60-65); Telecommunications Survey (64); Service Industry Survey (70-95). All establishments are surveyed in divisions and groups of the sections. A sample survey is conducted for classes.

The statistical unit is the establishment.

The period covered is the calendar year.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production is gross output measured as the total value of all goods produced and services rendered to others by the establishment during the year. In practice the calculation is as follows: the value of shipments, plus the net variation in stocks of finished products and work-in-progress. It is valued at producers' prices, excluding any tax payable as a consequence of production and subsidies related to production and excluding separately invoiced transport charges.

Publications

  1. Report on the Mining and Manufacturing Survey;
  2. Annual report on the survey of Service industries;
  3. Report on the Transport survey;
  4. Report on the Telecommunications survey.

They are published each year by the National Statistical Office of the Republic of Korea.

 
LUXEMBOURG  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Service central de la statistique et des études économiques (STATEC), Luxembourg
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.statec.lu/html_en/index.html
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 LUF euro)

Other variables: units

 
Classification

As from 1993, the classification used is the NACE LUX which corresponds to NACE Revision 1 down to the 4th level and is further detailed at a 5th level for national needs.

It is compatible with ISIC Revision 3.

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Data are derived from annual sample surveys, administrative sources and annual accounts of large enterprises. Surveys are exhaustive for units with more than 50 salaried employees or with an annual turnover (excluding VAT) of more than 280 million LUF (6941 million EUR). For the other units, statistics are obtained from sample surveys. The sample of units is taken from the Business Register of STATEC.

The surveys cover all enterprises belonging to sections C to K of ISIC Revision 3.

Concepts and definitions of variables

definitions of variables are consistent with the Regulation (CE) No 2700/98 of the Commission of European Communities of 17/12/1998.

The production value measures the amount actually produced by the unit, based on sales, including changes in stocks and the resale of goods and services. The production value is defined as turnover, plus or minus the changes in stocks of finished products, work in progress and goods and services purchased for resale, minus the purchases of goods and services for resale, plus capitalised production, plus other operating income (excluding subsidies). Income and expenditure classified as financial or extraordinary in company accounts is excluded from production value.

Value added at factor cost is the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes. It can be calculated from turnover, plus capitalised production, plus other operating income, plus or minus the changes in stocks, minus the purchases of goods and services, minus other taxes on products which are linked to turnover but not deductible, minus the duties and taxes linked to production. Alternatively it can be calculated from gross operating surplus by adding personnel costs. Income and expenditure classified as financial or extraordinary in company accounts is excluded from value added. Value added at factor costs is calculated ‘gross’ as value adjustments (such as depreciation) are not subtracted.

Employment, employees is defined as those persons who work for an employer and who have a contract of employment and receive compensation in the form of wages, salaries, fees, gratuities, piecework pay or remuneration in kind. The relationship of employer to employee exists when there is an agreement, which may be formal or informal, between an enterprise and a person, normally entered into voluntarily by both parties, whereby the person works for the enterprise in return for remuneration in cash or in kind. A worker is considered to be a wage or salary earner of a particular unit if he or she receives a wage or salary from the unit regardless of where the work is done (in or outside the production unit). Paid working proprietors are considered as employees. A worker from a temporary employment agency is considered to be an employee of the temporary employment agency and not of the unit (customer) in which they work. The number of employees includes part-time workers, seasonal workers or persons on short-term leave, but excludes those persons on long-term leave.

Compensation of labour, employees is the sum of wages and salaries paid to salaried employees, and employers' social contributions.

Wages and salaries, employees are defined as ‘the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable to all persons counted on the payroll, in return for work done during the accounting period’ regardless of whether it is paid on the basis of working time, output or piecework and whether it is paid regularly or not. They include the values of any social contributions, income taxes, etc. payable by the employee even if they are actually withheld by the employer and paid directly to social insurance schemes, tax authorities, etc. on behalf of the employee. Wages and salaries comprises all gratuities, bonuses, ex gratia payments, 13th month payments, severance payments, lodging, transport, cost-of-living, and family allowances, tips, commission, attendance fees, etc. received by employees, as well as taxes, social security contributions and other amounts payable by employees and withheld at source by the employer. Payments for agency workers are not included in wages and salaries.

Employers’ social costs include the employer’s social security contributions to schemes for retirement pensions, sickness, disability, unemployment, occupational accidents and diseases.

The enterprise is the smallest combination of legal units that is an organisational unit producing goods or services which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision-making especially for the allocation of its current resources. An enterprise carries out one or more activities at one or more locations. An enterprise may be a sole legal unit. Statistical units are defined in Council Regulation (EEC) No 696/93 of 15 March 1993 relating to statistical units for the observation and analysis of the production system in the Community.

Publication

  1. Annuaire statistique du Luxembourg, published by STATEC.
 
MEXICO  
NAME OF INSTITUTION National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics (INEGI), Aguascalientes
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.inegi.gob.mx/difusion/ingles/portadai.html
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of MXP

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

 
Classification

The classification used in the Economic Censuses is the 1994 Mexican Classification of Economic Activities and Products (Clasificación Mexicana de Actividades y Productos - CMAP).

The base of CMAP is ISIC Revision 2 (International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities).

In 1999 the CMAP took concepts of the North American Industry Classification System - NAICS (Sistema de Clasificación Industrial de América del Norte - SCIAN).

The CMAP is comparable with ISIC Revision 3 up to the 4th digit level.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Every five years, the INEGI conducts Censuses (Economic Censuses - Censos Economicós) which cover all economic activities (except agriculture which is achieved every 10 years, Political Parties, Religious Activities and International and Extra-territorial Organisations). The last censuses were conducted in 1999. Inter-census studies, whose periodicity is variable, annual surveys (Annual Industrial Survey - Encuesta Industrial Anual) and monthly surveys (Monthly Industrial Survey - Encuesta Industrial Menusual) are carried out to complement the information spaces between the 1994 census and the 1999 census.

The statistical unit is the establishment for Manufacture, Trade and Services. However, other kinds of units exist such as enterprise, fishing unit, mining unit, et cetera.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production is total gross output. It is the value of goods and services produced and commercialised by the economic unit during the reference period, such activities are: the value of the goods produced, the constructions carry out, the receipts for services provided, machinery and equipment leased and others chattels and real estate in rental, the value of fixed assets produced for its own use, et cetera. It includes the variation of stocks of goods in process. Production is valuated at producers' prices.

Value added corresponds to the concept of Census gross value added. It is the monetary value added to the inputs in the realisation of the economic activities. This value is obtained by subtracting the value of total inputs from total gross output. It is called "gross" because it doesn't include the assignments done for depreciation of the fixed assets. Value added is valuated at producers' prices.

Investment, or gross fixed capital formation, includes purchase of new fixed assets, purchase of used fixed assets, fixed assets produced by the unit for its own use, fixed assets produced for rental and leasing, improvements, repairs and renovations on fixed assets carried out by the establishment and by third parties and sales of fixed assets. In fixed assets are comprised the following: land for the establishment’s business; buildings linked directly or indirectly to the production process (such as manufacturing plant, housing for staff within the industrial establishment, warehouses, stores and offices and buildings used for subsidiary and social services); site preparation and other construction work; land which is not used for the establishment’s business; machinery and other plant which are used by the establishment for its own purposes (except extraction, processing and installation machinery, parts, accessories and spares and packaging); additions, alterations, improvements and renovations which prolong more than one year the service life or increase productive capacity of capital goods. Current maintenance costs are excluded.

Investment in machinery and equipment is gross fixed investment in machines and equipment. It includes machinery and mechanical, electrical and any other type of equipment owned by the establishment and used in the production process and ancillary activities.

Employment covers all persons who work for an employer and receive compensation in form of wages, salaries, gratuities, piecework pay or remuneration in kind. It includes workers on strike or on paid or unpaid sick leave, holiday or short-term of absence, owners, partners, familiar and workers on contract. It excludes workers pensioned, workers on indefinite leave of absence, members of management boards paid for solely for their attendance at meeting, labour force made available to the unit by other units and charged for, persons carrying out repair and maintenance duties in the establishment on behalf of other entities.

Compensation of labour, employees corresponds to wages and salaries paid to employees plus employers' social contributions.

Wages and salaries, employees correspond to wages paid to managerial personnel and operative workers. They include all cash payments before deductions during the reference period to cover regular and non-recurrent work performed by permanent and temporary workers. It includes remuneration paid to operative workers in the form of wages, bonuses of productivity, incentive payments, holiday pay, and pay during short-term of absence and sales commissions. It excludes pensions paid to retired workers, to workers who are dismissed or whose contracts are otherwise terminated and to home workers who do not appear on the payroll. It also excludes payments such as honorariums, fees and commission paid to individuals who have provided professional services to the establishment without being members of staff.

Employers’ social contributions represent total payments made by the establishment during the reference year in the form of social security benefits and other employers' social security contributions. These can be in form of cash, services or in kind. Social security benefits include: the total of the payments (cost and contributions) made by the establishment for food (canteen); child care and medical care; premiums for life insurance, occupational risks; dismissal and contract termination compensation; bonuses; assistance for transport and sport, etc.; and all payments that were the responsibility of employees but were in fact covered by the establishment. The following are excluded: the cost of uniforms and work clothes supplied to blue- and white-collar workers and refundable costs such as travelling expenses, entertainment expenses incurred by employees on behalf of the company. Other employers' social security contributions are those payments made by the establishment to the IMSS (Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social -- Mexican Institute of Social Security), the INFONAVIT (Instituto del Fondo Nacional para la Vivienda de los Trabajadores -- Institute of the National Fund for Workers' Housing) and other official institutions.

Hours worked represent the number of regular and non-recurrent hours actually worked by paid permanent and temporary operative and managerial workers during the reference period. Included are: normal waiting time, time spent on preparing for work and, in the case of manual workers, time not worked owing to technical failures and on cleaning machinery tools used during the working day. Excluded are: time not spent working because of strikes, stoppages, holidays, sickness, natural phenomena, and any other exceptional suspension of work.

The establishment is the unit on which information has been requested for Economic Censuses. Each statistical unit represents one manufacturing industrial unit.

Publications

  1. Annual Industrial Statistics;
  2. Monthly Industrial statistics;
  3. XV Industrial Census, Economic Census 1999: Mining and Extraction of oil; Manufacturing Industries, Tabulated Basic (9 publications one by each activity sub-sector); Manufacturing Industries, Products and Raw Materials (9 publications one by each activity sub-sector); Electrical Industry; Industry of the Construction, Tabulated Basic; Industry of the Construction, Material and Accomplished Works;
  4. I Captation, Treatment and Water Supply Census, Economic Census 1999;
  5. XII Commercial Census, Economic Census 1999: Tabulated Basic; Marketed Goods, Wholesale, by type of client and providing; Marketed Goods, Retail Trade, by type of client and providing;
  6. XIII Transportation and Communication Census, Economic Census 1999: Transportation; Communications;
  7. XII Services Census, Economic Census 1999: Tabulated Basic; Proportionate Services;
  8. Activities of Goods Production, Economic Census 1999, Mining and Extraction of oil, Manufacturing Industries, Electrical Industry; Captation, Treatment and Water Supply;
  9. Economic Censuses by each state.

All publications are distributed by the INEGI. (See also www. Inegi.gob.mx).

 
NETHERLANDS  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Statistics Netherlands (Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek), Voorburg
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.cbs.nl/en/default.asp
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 NLG euro)

Other variables: units

 
Classification

The classification used is the Standard Industrial Classification (Standaard Bedrijfs Indeling - SBI 1993).

Besides a few derogations, it is fully consistent with NACE Revision 1 up to the 4th digit.

INDUSTRY STATISTICS

Source

Data are based on various sources: surveys on Annual Production Statistics and on Investments in tangible fixed assets in industry, annual Census and VAT register. The surveys are sample surveys stratified by activity and size class. The Census covers all enterprises with more than 20 employees in Agriculture, Industry, Domestic Trade, Transport and Other Services, and enterprises with more than 100 employees in Construction.

Data on employment are coming from the Survey on Employment and Earnings (fourth quarter).

Data on number of enterprises are derived from the statistics on Business Demography.

Concepts and definitions of variables

definitions of variables are consistent with the Regulation (CE) No 2700/98 of the Commission of European Communities of 17/12/1998.

Production includes the value of shipments of goods and services produced by the unit, the receipts for industrial work done or industrial services rendered to others, the margin on sales of goods shipped in the same condition as received, the net change in stocks of finished goods and work in progress, the value of electricity sold, the sales of products manufactured by subcontractors, the value of capital assets manufactured for own use, and the receipts for non-industrial services. It excludes income from sales of capital assets produced on own accounts. Commodity taxes invoiced to the client by the producer are included. Data on production is only disseminated in market prices. However, since information on indirect taxes and products subsidies is available, factor costs values can be calculated.

Value added at factor costs is the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes. It can be calculated from turnover, plus other operating income, plus or minus the changes in stocks, minus the purchases of goods and services, minus other taxes on products which are linked to turnover but not deductible, minus the duties and taxes linked to production. Alternatively, it can be calculated from gross operating surplus by adding personnel costs. Income and expenditure classified as financial or extra-ordinary in company accounts is excluded from value added. Value added at factor costs is calculated "gross", as value adjustments (such depreciation) are not subtracted.

Investment refers to the value of new or used fixed assets purchased (including leasing and renting) or constructed by the unit’s own labour force for its own use, during the reference year. Major additions, alterations and improvements to fixed assets carried out by third parties are also included. Transactions in fixed assets includes land, buildings, site preparation and other construction work, land which is not used for the establishment business, transport equipment, machinery and other equipment, as well as additions, alterations and improvements which prolong the service life or increase productive capacity of capital goods. Fixed assets are valued at acquisition costs, including transportation costs and cost of installation, taxes and insurance for goods in transit.

Investment in machinery and equipment is gross fixed capital formation in transport equipment (work trucks of the type used in factories, warehouses, etc., for short distance transport or for handling of goods), industrial machinery and equipment, office machinery, equipment and furniture, professional instruments and equipment, and alterations and improvements to the above.

Employment, employees includes all salaried employees who work for an enterprise and receive compensation. It includes part-time and seasonal workers, apprentices and persons on training contracts, home workers receiving compensation, directors of incorporated enterprises, persons on leave (short term leave as well as indefinite leave), persons on strike and persons performing military service. Data are not converted to full time equivalent (FTE).

Compensation of labour, employees corresponds to personnel costs, i.e. wages and salaries paid to employees plus employers’ social costs.

Wages and salaries, employees refer to wages and salaries paid to employees in cash or in kind in return for work done during the reference year and wages paid to manual workers, including overtime and night work cash payments. Are included gratuities, tips, severance payments, workplace and performance bonuses, ex gratia payments, thirteenth month pay, seniority, attendance, incentive and productivity bonuses, payments for day off, such as leave, holidays, and sick leave. Are also included taxes and social insurance contributions payable by employees but deducted by employers.

Employers' social costs include both obligatory and voluntary contributions. They cover employers’ social security contributions to schemes for sickness, maternity leave, invalidity, old age, unemployment, work accidents and family allowances, employers’ contribution to life insurance for employees, costs related to medical care and drugs given free of charge and costs of maintaining schools and of sporting and recreational activities.

The enterprise is the smallest combination of legal units that is an organisational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision-making, especially for the allocation of its current resources. An enterprise carries out one or more activities at one or more locations. An enterprise may be a sole legal unit. According to relevant EU regulations, the number of enterprises is defined as a count of the number of enterprises registered to the population concerned in the business register corrected for errors, in particular frame errors. Dormant units are excluded. It should include all units active during at least a part of the reference period.

Publications

  1. Summary of manufacturing industries, annually;
  2. Production statistics of energy and water supply enterprises;
  3. Production statistics of construction;
  4. Construction figures;
  5. Monthly bulletin of distribution and service trade statistics (Kerncijfers Detailhandel - Core data retail trade);
  6. An annual publication of Statistics Netherlands with integrated data on labour, the so-called labour accounts;
  7. Business Demography.
 
NEW ZEALAND  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Statistics New Zealand, Wellington
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.stats.govt.nz
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of NZD

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

 
Classification

As from 1994, the classification used is the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC-96). There is a concordance up to the 4-digit level between ISIC Revision 3 and ANZSIC-96, but not for all industries.

The ANZSIC-based series from 1987-1993 is likely to be of a lower quality than the series from 1994 onwards because ANZSIC codes were added to the data retrospectively.

For all variables, where a single ANZSIC category (ANZSIC96 or ANZSIC87) would normally translate to more than one ISIC Revision 3 category, this concordance shows only the predominant ISIC Revision 3 category. Predominance was determined by Statistics New Zealand’s Classifications and Standards Section using knowledge of the two industrial classifications and the New Zealand economy to select the single ISIC Revision 3 category that best represents a particular ANZSIC category (ANZSIC96 or ANZSIC87). Some accuracy is lost in this translation as not all ISIC Revision 3 categories are represented.

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Data are taken from the Annual Business Frame Update Survey (ABFUS). The survey is conducted in mid-February each year to update information held on Statistics New Zealand's Business Frame. All economically significant establishments are surveyed.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Employment corresponds to the sum of employment, employees, working proprietors and active business partners. All employment data are converted to full-time equivalent (FTE), i.e. they are the sum of full time employees, plus half part-time employees, at the end of February of the following year.

Employment, employees relates to the sum of the persons (manual and non-manual) who work for an employer and receive compensation in the form of wages, salaries, gratuities, piecework pay or remuneration in kind. It includes part-time workers and seasonal workers on the payroll, apprentices and persons on training contract, home workers receiving compensation, persons who work outside the unit, who belong to it and are paid by it, persons on short term leave, persons on strike, persons performing military service and persons employed on commission unless registered for GST (Goods and Services Tax). It excludes working proprietors and active business partners.

Employment, females is the number of full-time females employees, plus half part-time female employees.

Establishments correspond to geographic units.

Publications

  1. Business Activity Statistics;
  2. Labour Market Statistics;
  3. New Zealand Official Yearbook.
 
NORWAY  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Statistisk Sentralbyrå, Statistics Norway, Oslo
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.ssb.no/english
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of NOK

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

 
Classification

The revised Norwegian Standard Industrial Classification (SIC 94) has been used from 1993. The classification has a six-level hierarchical structure.

SIC 94 is identical with NACE Revision 1 down to the 4-digit level, the 5- and 6-digit levels being subdivisions for national needs. It has a concordance with ISIC Revision 3.

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

From 1994 the annual enquiry covers all establishments in mining, quarrying and manufacturing industries. Enterprises with individual proprietorship where the owners work individually ("one-man establishment"), as well as establishments with less than half a man-year are not included in this survey. In 1992 and 1993, the annual enquiry covered, in general, all establishments in mining, quarrying and manufacturing industries with 10 or more persons engaged. Previous annual enquiries covered, in general, all establishments with 5 or more persons engaged. Information on oil and gas extraction is not included. For small establishments (less than 10 persons), information is collected yearly from administrative registers.

From 1995 the annual enquiry also covers all establishments in construction, wholesale and retail trade and in real estate, renting and business industries. Enterprises with individual proprietorship where the owners work individually ("one-man establishment"), as well as establishments with less than half a man-year are included in the sample survey. For enterprises not included in the sampling, information is collected yearly from administrative registers.

The reference unit is the establishment.

The reference period is the calendar year.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production (gross output) is valued at producer prices, excluding all subsidies (and VAT), but including all taxes invoiced to the client by the producer. Included is the value of all goods produced on own account, repair work for customers, contract work, other income and gross profit on sale of commodities.

Value added is valued at factor costs and equal gross value of production at factor costs less cost of goods and services consumed. This includes all subsidies and excludes all taxes. The cost of materials, fuels and other supplies, contract and commission work done by others, repair and maintenance work done by others and electricity purchased are deducted from gross output. Rent, royalties, sales and promotion costs are deducted while financial costs are not. Depreciation is not deducted from the production value to calculate the value added..

Investment (gross fixed capital formation) is defined as the acquisition of fixed durable assets, new and used, with an expected productive life of more than one year, including own account investment work. Investment is calculated before deduction of the value of sold fixed assets. Acquisition of machinery, transport equipment etc. is recorded at the time when the assets are received, whether or not put into operation during the year. Purchase of buildings, structures, land etc. is treated alike. As for construction work in progress, the value of work carried out during the year is recorded, whether or not the project is completed within the period. For establishments in construction, wholesale and retail trade and in real estate, renting and business industries investments' work in progress is excluded, investments are recorded in the reference period in which they enter into the production process. The cost of acquisition means actual expenses incurred during the year, including investment levy, irrespective of time of payment. Current maintenance costs are not included. Investment value is based on prices actually invoiced. It excludes VAT.

Investment in machinery and equipment is also capital formation, and follows the definition for total investment. Included are: transport equipment, industrial machinery and equipment, office machinery, equipment and furniture, professional instruments and equipment, and alterations and improvements to these items.

Employment, employees gives the number of salaried employees and wage earners, calculated as the average number of persons working in the establishment throughout the year, whether full- or part-time. It comprises salaried managers and directors as well as transport workers, messengers, newsmen, watchmen, cleaning personnel and home workers receiving compensation but not persons on military leave. Persons on sick leave, vacation and strike are included.

Hours worked by employees cover hours worked in the local KAU by salaried employees, including overtime. Foremen and supervisors are included, also apprentices, casual workers and part-time workers.

Compensation of labour, employees covers wages and salaries in cash or kind, other benefits for the employees and social expenses levied by law. It does not include compensation of individual proprietors, partners or family workers without regular wages.

Wages and salaries, employees comprise all payments, whether in cash or in kind, made by the employer in connection with work done, to all persons included in the count of employees (including employed outworkers). It includes taxes, social insurance and pension contributions payable by the employee, but deducted by the employer. Bonuses, production awards, holiday allowances and wages paid during periods of sickness, military leave or other absences, and commission earned by salesmen and representatives, are also included. Cost of living and family allowances are excluded as well as the cost of vocational training and travel and other similar expenses incurred by workers.

Employers’ social costs include the other benefits for the employees and social expenses levied by law. Other benefits for the employees comprise employers' contributions to private pension, family allowance, health and casualty insurance, life insurance and similar schemes. However, fees paid to shareholders committee are to some extent included, to some extent not included.

An establishment is defined as a local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU). It corresponds to a functional unit which at a single physical location is engaged mainly in a specific activity group of the Norwegian Standard Industrial Classification.

An enterprise is an organisational unit comprising all economic activities engaged in by one and the same owner. Hence an enterprise is a legal entity covering one or more productive units (local KAU).

Publications

  1. Industristatistikk næringstall -- Manufacturing Statistics - Industrial Figures (annual);
  2. Elektrisitetstatistikk -- Electricity and Gas Supply (annual);
  3. Bygge- og anleggsstatistikk  -- Construction (annual);
  4. Varehandelsstatistikk -- Wholesale and Retail Trade (annual);
  5. Statistikk for tjenesteytendenæringer -- Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities (annual).

Published by Statistics Norway. (also see http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/10/).

 
POLAND  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Polish Official Statistics (Glówni Urzad Statystyczny), Warszawa
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.stat.gov.pl/english/index.htm
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of PLZ

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

METHODOLOGICAL BREAK Between 1993 and 1994 (a few new elements were introduced in methodology)
 
Classification

The classification used is the PKD classification (Polska Klasyfikacja Dzialalnosci, in English NCA – Polish Classification of Activities).

There is a direct correspondence between the Polish classification and NACE Revision 1 up to the 4th digit level and between the Polish classification and ISIC Revision 3 at the 1- and 2-digit levels.

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

A variety of surveys are conducted:

  • the annual survey on economic activity;
  • the annual survey on enterprises employing up to 9 persons;
  • the annual survey on employment on a given day;
  • and the survey on employment, earnings and work hours (which is carried out monthly, quarterly and annually).

The statistical unit used is the enterprise.

To collect information on enterprises and establishments stored in the business register (REGON), administration sources such as the National Court’s Register managed by the Ministry of Justice, the Central Social Security Office and the Taxes’ Register managed by the Ministry of Finance, are used.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production, or gross output, is equal to the sum of the gross output of products (goods and services) of all ownership sectors or institutional sectors. It includes: 1) in the non-financial corporations sector: revenues from the sale of self-manufactured products (goods and services) as well as margins realised on the sale of commodities purchased for resale, the value of products in the form of settlements in kind, products designated for increasing the value of own fixed assets, the trade margin on trade operations, changes in inventories of finished goods and work in progress; 2) in the financial corporations sector: commission revenues from the operating activity of banks, FISIM, payments of lease, the balance of commissions from operations involving securities, the balance of foreign currency turnover expressed in zlotys in currency exchange offices, revenues from services connected with leasing fixed assets, financial and securities consulting, revenues from activities connected with managing entrusted funds, revenues from activities connected with managing Open-ended Pension Funds (since 1999), the balance of insurance premiums received and claims paid as well as technical and total income in insurance companies; 3) in the general government sector: current costs of activity estimated together with the depreciation of fixed assets of state budget entities, entities budgets of local self-government (i.e. gminas and since 1999 cities with powiat status, powiats and voivodships) as well as state higher education institutions and since 1999 public independent health care units; 4) in the households sector: (a) revenues from the sale of products manufactured by natural persons conducting economic activity (excluding private farms in agriculture) as well as civil law partnerships employing up to five persons and keeping simplified accounting books, increased by revenues from "hidden economy", and taking into account production designated for own investments as well as the changes in inventories of finished goods and work in progress; (b) the value of production of private farms in agriculture (including the value of products designated for self consumption); (c) the value of i.e. trade margin on the sale of foodstuff articles at marketplaces, the sale of timber originating from forests owned by natural persons, forest undergrowth, revenues from: renting and leasing as well as the value of imputed rents in non-rental buildings owned by natural persons; (d) since 1995 the value of services rendered by persons employed to perform housework in households as well as tips for services rendered; 5) in the non-profit institutions sector: estimated costs of current activity including depreciation of fixed assets and the value of services provided by units of religious organisations. Since 1994 gross output is measured in basic prices.

Gross value added is calculated for all units of the national economy, irrespective how many persons they employ. Since 1994, gross value added is measured at basic prices (before it was done at producers’ prices). This change was caused by the introduction of a new tax system (July 5, 1993). Basic prices exclude VAT (on domestic products and on imports), taxes and custom duties on imports (including the excise tax) as well as other taxes on products, such as the excise tax on domestic products and taxes on selected types of services (e.g., on games of chance and mutual betting, the lump sum tax on goods and services from occasional transports of passengers) but include subsidies on products. Gross value added is calculated as the value of output less the value of intermediate consumption. Different computation methods are applied for market and non-market units. Intermediate consumption includes the value of consumed materials (including fuels) in net terms (after subtracting the value of recyclable wastes), raw materials (including packaging), energy, technological gases, outside services (outside processing, transport services, equipment renting, telecommunication and accounting services, commissions paid for banking services), costs of business trips as well as other costs (e.g., advertising, representation, rental and leasing costs, ticket costs for official business, costs of lump-sum payments for using personal vehicles for official business, stock exchange payments as well as payments from participation in the National Depository for Securities). The value of gross value added includes estimates of the "hidden economy" - concealed production (production which is not forbidden by law, but its scope, partly or entirely is concealed from public administration authorities).

Investment outlays are financial or tangible outlays of all units of the national economy (regardless of the number of persons employed), in order to create new fixed assets or improve (rebuild, enlarge, reconstruct or modernise) existing property, and outlays for primary equipment. Outlays for fixed assets include: buildings and structures, e.g. construction and assembly works, design and cost estimate documentation; machinery, technical equipment and tools (including instruments, movables and fittings); transport equipment; other, e.g. land amelioration, expenditures on purchase of land and second-hand fixed assets, livestock (since 1995), long-term planting and interests on investment credits and investment loans for the period of investment realisation (data given exclusively at current prices). Other outlays include investments on primary equipment and costs of realisation of investment. These outlays do not include value of fixed assets.

Employment, employees concerns persons performing work providing earnings or income (in the main place of work), both full- and part-time workers. Employees include persons hired on the basis of employment contracts (labour contract, call-up, appointment or elections).

Wages and salaries, employees correspond to monetary payments as well as the value of benefits in kind or their equivalents due to employees for work performed. They include personal wages and salaries (excluding those of apprentices, home workers and persons employed abroad), payments from profit for distribution and balance surplus in co-operatives, annual extra wages and salaries for employees of budgetary sphere entities and fees paid to selected groups of employees for performing work in accordance with a labour contract (journalists, producers of films and radio and television programmes).

Hours worked by employees are defined as normal and overtime working hours. They exclude paid hours not worked due to various reasons such as holidays, illness, occasional leaves.

An enterprise is an organisational unit created by a legal unit to conduct economic activities. Legal units can be legal persons, independent organisational entities without legal personality as well as physical persons conducting economic activities.

Publications

  1. Statistical Yearbook (annual);
  2. Labour Yearbook (every two years);
  3. Employment in national economy (annual). 

All publications are distributed by the Polish Official Statistics, Warsaw.

 
PORTUGAL  
NAME OF INSTITUTION National Institute of Statistics (Instituto Nacional de Estatística), Lisboa
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.ine.pt/index_eng.htm
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 PTE euro)

Other variables: units

 

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Data are derived from the Annual Enterprise Inquiry, an enterprise-based survey covering 65,000 enterprises in the mining, manufacturing and electricity, gas and water sectors as well as from annual surveys in building and public works.

Figures for production, value added, employment, wages and salaries, supplements to wages and salaries, investment and number of enterprises cover the entire industry population. Figures for employment-employees, investment in machinery and equipment and hours worked cover enterprises employing 20 persons or more.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production is given in terms of gross value of production, defined as the total value of finished goods produced by the enterprise (intermediate goods sold as such are considered as finished products), plus the value of fixed assets produced for own use, industrial works done for other users, electricity sold, waste products sold to third persons, less the value of work in progress at the beginning of the year. Production is given at both basic price and factor cost valuations.

Value added is calculated as the gross value of output, plus the value of work done by the enterprise in the capacity of sub-contractor, less the value of materials, lubricants and energy consumed, hiring of machinery, and contract work done by others, the value of industrial work, repair and maintenance work done by others and non-industrial services received, and the value of duties paid for utilisation of manufacturing processes. Value added is given at both basic price and factor cost valuations.

Investment corresponds to gross investment in all tangible goods during the reference period.

Employment covers all persons engaged defined as persons working in the unit observed as well as persons who work outside the unit, who belong to it and are paid by it..

Employment, employees covers all salaried employees who work for an employer and who have a contract of employment and receive compensation in the form of wages, salaries, fees, gratuities, piecework pay or remuneration in kind. It includes the persons on short leave (vacation and sick, strike...), but does not include the persons on military service or on the retired list.

Compensation of labour is defined as the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable by an employer in return for work done during the reference period plus supplements to salaries and wages, plus employer’s contributions.

Total wages and salaries are defined as the remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable to all persons counted on the payroll, in return for work done during the accounting period.

Enterprise means any production unit, whether it is subsidiary to an establishment classed in another sector of activity, is under direct private management or is a public sector body carrying out work under direct management.

Publications

  1. Industrial Statistics (Volume I and Volume II);
  2. Statistics on Buildings and Dwellings.
 
SLOVAK REPUBLIC  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic (Statistický úrad Slovenskej republiky)
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.statistics.sk/webdata/english/index2_a.htm
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of LKR

Other variables: units

 
Classification

The Branch classification of economic activities (Odvetvová klasifikácia ekonomických cinností - OKEC) is used.

Classification OKEC is fully compatible with classification NACE Revision 1 up to 4-digit level. There is an additional 5th digit level for national purposes.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Up to 2000, there were two types of independent branch surveys (agriculture, industry, construction, distributive trade, selected market services, transport, telecommunications, R&D), an enterprise survey and an establishment surveys. The exact names of surveys were the same in all branch statistics e.g.:

  • first type: Annual enterprise inquiry in industry; Annual enterprise inquiry in construction; etc.;
  • second type: Annual establishment inquiry in industry; Annual establishment inquiry in construction; etc.

This data was collected for enterprises with 20 and more employees.

There was also a third type of survey for small enterprises (with less than 20 employees). However, because of problems with this size category, data relating to small enterprises have not been included in results.

Starting 2000, there are three basic sources:

  • the Annual Inquiry of Production Branches (enterprises with 20 and more employees);
  • the Annual Inquiry of Production Branches in small enterprises (enterprises with less than 20 employees);
  • the Annual inquiry of entrepreneurs which are not registered in Register of companies.

The reporting unit is the enterprise which fills in data also for establishments.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production corresponds to the values of shipments of goods and services, the receipts for industrial work done or industrial services rendered to others, the sales of goods shipped in the same condition as received (resales), the net change in stocks of finished products manufactured by the unit, the net change in stocks of work in progress manufactured by the unit, and in stocks of goods purchased for resale in the same condition as received, the value of electricity sold, the sales of products manufactured by subcontractors, the value of capital assets manufactured for own use and the receipts for non-industrial services. Production is valued at producers’ prices.

Value added at factor cost is gross output minus intermediate consumption. It corresponds to turnover, plus the net change in stocks of finished goods, minus total purchases of goods and services, plus capitalised production, plus other operating income. It excludes duties and taxes linked to production as well as other taxes on products which are linked to turnover but are not deductible.

The definition of investment, or acquisition of tangible fixed assets, is compatible with the Eurostat definition of Council Regulation 58/97. It includes purchase of new fixed assets, purchase of used fixed assets, fixed assets produced by the unit for its own use, fixed assets produced for rental and leasing, improvements, repairs and renovations on fixed assets carried out by the establishment and by third parties and sales of fixed assets. In fixed assets are comprised the following: land for the establishment’s business; buildings linked directly or indirectly to the production process; site preparation and other construction work; land which is not used for the establishment’s business; machinery and other plant which are used by the establishment for its own purposes; additions, alterations, improvements and renovations which prolong more than one year the service life or increase productive capacity of capital goods; and current maintenance costs.

Employment, employees includes all salaried employees who work for an enterprise and receive compensation. It includes part-time and seasonal workers, apprentices and persons on training contracts, home workers receiving compensation, persons who work outside the unit, who belong to it and are paid by it, persons on short term leave, working partners who draw regular earnings and persons carrying out repair or maintenance work in the unit on behalf of other units. It also includes working proprietors, directors of incorporated enterprises and members of management boards if they are on the payroll of the enterprise and persons on short term leave and persons on strike. Data are given in the form of average number of employees, in physical persons: they are not converted to full time equivalent (FTE).

Wages and salaries, employees refer to wages and salaries paid to employees in cash or in kind in return for work done during the reference year and wages paid to manual workers, including overtime and night work cash payments. Are included gratuities, tips, severance payments, workplace and performance bonuses, ex gratia payments, thirteenth month pay, seniority, attendance, incentive and productivity bonuses, payments for day off, such as leave, holidays.

Employers' social costs cover employers’ social security contributions to schemes for sickness, maternity leave, invalidity, old age, unemployment, work accidents and family allowances, employers’ contribution to life insurance for employees, direct payments to employees in respect of absence from work owing to strikes and severance and termination pay. Employers’ contributions have to be specified in a statutory arrangement or in a collectively agreed arrangement..

The definition of enterprise is compatible with Council Regulation 696/93.

Publication

Up to now, the annual structural data compiled by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic was neither published nor disseminated.

 
SPAIN  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Spanish National Institute of Statistics (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Ministerio de Economía, Madrid)
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.ine.es/welcoing.htm
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of EUR (1999 ESP euro)

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

 
Classification

The industrial nomenclature used in the survey is the National Classification of Economic Activities – 1993 (Clasificación Nacional de Actividades Económicas - CNAE 1993).

It is equivalent to NACE Revision 1 at the 4-digit level and has a correspondence with ISIC Revision 3.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Statistics result from the annual Business Industrial Survey (Encuesta Industrial de Empresas), covering all industrial enterprises employing one or more paid persons.

Units with 20 or more persons engaged are surveyed exhaustively every year; units with less than 20 persons engaged are surveyed by sample. The total annual sample includes approximately 40,000 enterprises.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production follows the Spanish definition of gross output, this being the aggregate total of a) the output of goods and services for sale, including payments received for services and work performed by others and the value of electricity sold; b) goods resold in the same condition as received; c) payments for services rendered (rental of machines, technical assistance, etc.); d) products and work in progress; e) capital formation for own account (fixed assets produced for own use and the value of major repairs and improvements to own capital assets using own resources). The value of this gross output is calculated at producers' prices since operating subsidies are excluded from the initial amount and indirect taxes have been included.

Value added is calculated as the difference between the value of gross output at producers’ prices and intermediate consumption at purchasers’ prices. Intermediate consumption includes the cost of a) raw materials and consumables; b) energy consumed for power and heating, steam, electricity, gas, etc.; c) purchases of industrial and non-industrial services; d) goods purchased for resale in the same condition as received. The value added is calculated at factor costs.

Investment (gross fixed capital formation) at current prices is calculated by subtracting the value of sales of own fixed assets from the value of purchases of new and used fixed assets, major repairs and improvements to fixed assets performed by others, construction of assets for own account and major repairs and improvements to fixed assets carried out using own materials and labour. The valuation of investment is made at acquisition costs. It includes transportation costs.

Employment is calculated as the number of persons engaged, including both paid and unpaid staff and office staff as well as operatives, with the exception of home workers. Employment data are converted to full-time equivalent (FTE).

Hours worked by employees correspond to the total number of hours effectively worked by all salaried employees during the reference year.

Total wages and salaries is gross salary and wages paid to all persons engaged during the reference year and payments in kind to the paid staff, excluding employers' social costs.

Employers' social costs are social contributions paid by the employer (social security, pensions, and other social costs, including employers' contributions to life insurance for employees). They have to be specified in a collectively agreed arrangement.

Publication

  1. Encuesta Industrial de Empresas, published by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística.
 
SWEDEN  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Statistics Sweden (Statistiska Centralbyrån), Stockholm
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.scb.se/eng/index.asp
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of SEK

Other variables: units

METHODOLOGICAL BREAK Between 1996 and 1997
 
Classification

Data are classified according to the Swedish Standard for Industrial Classification 1992 (SE-SIC92).

The Swedish SIC92 is identical to ISIC Revision 3 on levels 1-2 and to NACE Revision 1 on levels 1-4. A fifth level has been added for national purposes.

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Up to 1996, the data are taken from the Bureau's industrial statistics and are derived from its annual manufacturing inquiry. The survey covers manufacturing establishments (with five or more persons) in manufacturing enterprises employing ten or more persons and manufacturing establishments (with ten or more employees) in non-manufacturing enterprises. Non-respondents are estimated.

The statistical reference unit is the establishment.

From the reference year 1997, data are produced according to the EU Regulation on Structural Business Statistics. In the annual survey on structural business statistics, only large enterprises (i.e. more than 50 employees) included in the Business Register are surveyed by questionnaire whereas smaller enterprises are covered by administrative data (Standardiserade räkenskapsutdrag - SRU) from the Swedish Tax Authorities.

The statistical reference unit is the enterprise.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production at factor costs is gross output, excluding all indirect taxes and including subsidies. The value of all products, net change of work in progress, services rendered, waste products and goods made by home workers are included.

Value added at factor costs is calculated by subtracting intermediate consumption from the production value. Intermediate consumption is equal to the total purchases of goods and services, adjusted for changes in stocks of raw materials and goods for resale.

Investment in machinery and equipment is part of ‘gross investment in tangible assets’. It covers machinery, special vehicles used on the premises, other machinery and equipment, all vehicles and boats used off the premises acquired new or second hand during the reference period. Machinery and equipment acquired through mergers are excluded. Also included are all additions, alterations, improvements and renovations, which prolong the service life or increase the productive capacity of these capital goods. Current maintenance costs are excluded.

Employment covers all employees, working proprietors, partners working regularly in the unit and unpaid family workers. It includes persons absent for a short period and also those on strike, but not those absent for an indefinite period. It excludes manpower supplied to the unit by other enterprises.

Employment, employees corresponds to persons who work for an employer and who have contract of employment and receive compensation in the form of wages, salaries, fees, gratuities, piecework pay or remuneration in kind, as well as persons who work outside the unit who belong to it and are paid by it. Are also considered as employees: paid working proprietors, students with formal commitment to the unit, home workers, employees, civil servants, armed forces, ministers of religion, temporary employment agencies and persons temporary not at work. They do not include non-paid working proprietors, active business partners, self-employed persons, and home workers not receiving compensation. All full- and part-time employees are included, as well as clerical workers or supervisory personnel performing functions closely related to the production process.

Compensation of labour, employees is defined as the total expenditure borne by employers in order to employ workers, a concept which has been adopted in the Community framework and complies broadly with the international definition of the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (Geneva, 1966). It includes the direct costs linked to remuneration for work carried out such as direct remuneration, bonuses and ex gratia payments not paid at each pay period, payments for days not worked, severance pay, benefits in kind. It also includes indirect costs linked to employees, such as social benefits, vocational training costs, other social expenditure, and taxes relating to employment regarded as labour costs, less any subsidies received.

Wages and salaries, employees include regular and overtime cash payments made to salaried employees, bonuses and cost-of-living allowances, vacation and sick leave pay, as well as taxes and social insurance contributions, etc., payable by employees and deducted by employers and payments in kind. Employers’ social contributions are not included.

Employers’ social contributions correspond to the social contributions incurred by employers in order to secure for their employees the entitlement to social benefits. They include the employers’ social security contributions to schemes for retirement pensions, sickness, maternity, disability, unemployment, occupational accidents and diseases, family allowances as well as other schemes.

Publications

Data are partly obtainable from the statistical databases at Statistics Sweden.

  1. Structural Business Statistics, NV 19 SM0105;
  2. Swedish manufacturing according to Structural Business Statistics in 1998 and 1997, NV 18 SM0001.

The distributor of the publications is Statistics Sweden.

 
SWITZERLAND  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Swiss Federal Statistical Office (Office fédéral de la statistique - OFS - Bundesamt für Statistik), Neuchâtel
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.statistik.admin.ch/eindex.htm
UNITS  Monetary variables: millions of CHF

Other variables: units

 
Classification

The general classification of economic activities (NOmenclature Générale des Activités économiques - NOGA) came into effect in 1995. It replaces the 1985 classification (Nomenclature Générale des Activités Economiques - NGAE).

Up to the 4-digit level there is a complete correspondence between NOGA 1995 and NACE Revision 1, the 4-digit level being further subdivided into sub-classes for internal use. The NOGA 1995 is compatible with the ISIC Revision 3.

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Data are collected through the annual survey of production and value added (Statistique de la production et de la valeur ajoutée). It is based on a sample drawn from the business register (Registre des Etablissements et des Entreprises - REE). Data cover the calendar year.

Data correspond to new information available in the framework of the business statistics for which no base allowing the calculation of a set of consistent data exists before 1997. They are not compatible with previous data given as National accounts based statistics.

The enterprise is the reference unit.

Concepts and definitions of variables

The value of production measures the exact output of the observed unit. It is defined as the turnover adjusted for changes in the value of stocks, less the acquisition of goods and services shipped in the same condition as received (resale), plus the immobilised production and other operating incomes. The valuation is made at market prices.

Value added at factor costs relates to the gross value of operating activities taking into account subsidies and indirect taxes. It is calculated as turnover plus the immobilised output and other operating products, adjusted for changes in the value of stocks, less the acquisition of goods and services and other taxes on products related to turnover but not deductible and taxes related to production.

Employment includes all persons engaged in an establishment and working at least 6 hours per week. It includes working proprietors, active business partners, unpaid family workers, apprentices, commercial travellers and persons who work outside the unit. Home workers, agents or experts working independently are excluded. Establishments where employees work less than 20 hours per week are not covered. Employment data are converted to full time equivalent (FTE).

Compensation of labour, employees is the sum of wages and salaries paid to salaried employees, and employers' social contributions.

Wages and salaries, employees relates to payments made in cash or in kind to salaried employees, including home workers, in return for work done during the reference year, however they are paid (on a time, piecework or job-work basis, regularly or not). Are included gratuities, tips, workplace and performance bonuses, ex gratia payments, thirteenth month pay, cost of living, housing, transport and family allowances, seniority, attendance, incentive and productivity bonuses, payments for day off, such as leave, holidays, and sick leave. Are also included taxes and social insurance contributions payable by employees but deducted by employers.

Employers' social costs are employers' social contributions to schemes for old age and to other schemes for sickness, maternity leave, invalidity, unemployment, work accidents and family allowances. The employers' contributions are to be specified in a statutory arrangement.

Publication

  1. Statistiques de la production et de la valeur ajoutée/Produktions- und Wertschöpfungsstatistik.

Publications are distributed by OFS.

 
TURKEY  
NAME OF INSTITUTION State Institute of Statistics (Devlet Istatistik Enstitüsü), Ankara
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.die.gov.tr/ENGLISH/index.html
UNITS Monetary variables: billions of TRL

Other variables: units

 

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Classification

The Turkish classification of activity (Ulusal Faaliyet Siniflamasi) is an adapted version of the ISIC Revision 2 up to 4-digit level for manufacturing establishments employing 1-9 persons.

Data compiled for establishments employing 10 or more persons are available in Turkish ISIC Revision 3.

Source

Data are derived from a number of sources:

  • the General Census of Industry and Business Establishments (for manufacturing establishments employing 1-9 persons), conducted every year ending with a three,
  • the Annual Manufacturing Industry Survey (for all manufacturing establishments in the public sector and establishments employing 10 or more persons in the private sector),
  • the Annual Electricity Generation Survey,
  • the Annual Electricity Distribution Survey,
  • the Annual Municipality Water Statistics Survey,
  • the Annual Natural Gas Distribution Statistics Survey,
  • the Construction and Installation Establishments Survey,
  • the annual Mining and Quarrying Statistics Questionnaire,
  • the annual Sand, Clay and Stone Questionnaire.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production, or output, is the value of output calculated by subtracting the value of the beginning of the year stock (finished and semi-finished goods and goods purchased to be resold without any further processing) from the total of receipts from sales and services rendered to others, receipts from sales of transfers of electricity plus the end-of-year stock (finished and semi-finished goods and goods purchased to be resold without any further processing) and the production value of fixed assets produced by the establishments' staff for own use. Production is valued at producers' prices.

Value added, also valued at producers' prices, is obtained by subtracting the value of inputs from output. The value of inputs is calculated by subtracting the value of the end-of-year stock (raw materials, supplementary materials, packaging materials and fuel) from the total value of goods and services purchased or transferred, electricity purchased and the beginning-of-year stock (raw materials, supplementary materials, packaging materials and fuel).

Investment is gross additions to the fixed assets during the year. It is calculated by subtracting the sales value of fixed assets sold during the year from total expenditures made on new or used fixed assets purchased from the domestic market, fixed assets imported new or used, fixed assets produced by the establishments' own staff, parts of fixed assets installed during the year purchased on a bid basis, major repairs and expenditures made on fixed assets, studies and plans, drawings, machinery, equipment, motor vehicles and building, other construction, office equipment and furniture (used by the establishment and expected to have a productive life of more than one year and recorded in the capital accounts) and expenditures on land and land improvements.

Investment in machinery and equipment refers to gross additions to machinery and equipment during the year. It is calculated by subtracting the sales value of machinery and equipment sold during the year from the expenditures made on: new or used machinery and equipment purchased from the domestic market, machinery and equipment imported new or used, machinery and equipment produced by the establishments' own staff, part of machinery and equipment installed during the year purchased on a bid basis, major repairs and expenditures made on machinery and equipment, machinery and equipment which is used by the establishment and expected to have a productive life of more than one year.

Employment, or average number of persons engaged, is obtained by adding the number of owners, partners and unpaid family workers, who were active in November (in July in Mining and Quarrying; in August in Construction) in the establishments, to the average number of employees. Employees who were temporarily absent on this period because of illness, annual leave or strikes, etc. are included. Employment data are converted to full-time equivalent (FTE).

Employment, employees corresponds to the arithmetic average of the number of employees in February, May, August and November (average of the twelve months in Mining and Quarrying and in Construction). It covers the workers (operatives, and administrative and other employees) in the establishments whatever their title, who were paid wages and salaries and the like. Unpaid family workers, owners and partners are excluded.

The hours worked by operatives in one year are calculated by multiplying the average number of production workers by the hours worked in one shift and the number of days worked in a year.

Compensation of labour, employees includes all payments in cash or kind made to employees only during the reference year and employers’ social costs which include payments for employees to social security, lay-off and severance pay, saving fund and housing allowances.

Wages and salaries, employees, or annual payments to employees, include all payments in the form of wages and salaries and daily-wage before deduction of income tax, social security and pension fund premiums. It excludes social security and pension contributions and the like payable by the employer. It includes overtime payments, bonuses, indemnities and payments in kind.

An establishment is a work place where single ownership or controlling status is established and generally where one type of economic activity occurs and where there are a register and accounting sources necessary to fill in the questionnaires.

SERVICE STATISTICS

Classification

The classification used is the Turkish ISIC Revision 3.

Source

Data are derived from the annual service establishments survey conducted by the State Institute of Statistics of Ankara.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production, or output, is the value of output calculated by subtracting the total value of stock of trade goods at the beginning of the year and goods purchased to be resold without any further processing from the total value of sales of goods and services, stock of trade goods at the end of the year and production value of fixed assets produced by the establishments' own staff for own use. Production is valued at producers' prices.

Value added, also valued at producers' prices, is obtained by subtracting the value of inputs from output. The value of inputs is calculated by subtracting the total value of stock of material and fuel at the end of the year and goods purchased to be resold without any further processing from the total value of the purchases of goods and services and stock of material and fuel at the beginning of the year.

Investment, defined as fixed capital investment, covers fixed assets used over one year and amortisation allocated to building, machinery and equipment in inventory stock, vehicles, office equipment and furniture in inventory stock and land. It also covers modifications, renewals, developments and major repair which prolong the service life or increase the productive capacity of capital goods, as well as current maintenance costs.

Investment in machinery and equipment refers to gross additions to machinery and equipment during the year. It is calculated by subtracting the sales value of machinery and equipment sold during the year from the expenditures made on those purchased as newly from the domestic market, those purchased as used from the domestic market, those imported as new or used, those made by establishment’s own staff, and expenditures on slow assets.

Employment, employees corresponds to the annual average number of employees obtained by dividing the total number of employees by the number of worked months. It covers the workers, either full-time, part-time or seasonal, whatever their title, who were paid wages and salaries and the like. Employees include apprentices, persons on training contracts and home workers receiving compensation. Unpaid family workers, owners and partners are excluded. Employees who were temporarily absent on this day because of illness, annual leave or strikes are included.

Compensation of labour, employees includes all payments in cash or kind made to employees and employers’ social contributions.

Wages and salaries, employees, or annual payments to employees, includes all payments in the form of wages and salaries and daily-wage before deduction of income tax, social security and pension fund premiums. It also includes overtime payments, bonuses, indemnities, lay-off and severance pay and payments in kind. It excludes social security and pension contributions and the like payable by the employer.

An establishment is a work place where single ownership or controlling status is established and generally where one type of economic activity is carried out and which has the registers and accounting sources necessary to fill in the questionnaires.

Publications

  1. Annual Manufacturing Industry Statistics, annual;
  2. Small-Sized Manufacturing Industry Statistics, annual;
  3. Annual Electricity, Gas and Water Statistics;
  4. 1993-1998 Construction and Installation Establishments Statistics;
  5. Mining and Quarrying Statistics;
  6. Service Statistics, annual;
  7. Trade Statistics, annual;
  8. Hotel-Restaurant Statistics, annual.
 
UNITED KINGDOM  
NAME OF INSTITUTION UK Office for National Statistics (ONS)
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.statistics.gov.uk
UNITS Monetary variables: millions of GBP

Other variables: units

 
Classification

The Standard Industrial Classification of economic activities, SIC(92), based on NACE Revision 1, was introduced in 1990. The 1993 Census was the first conducted on SIC(92).

INDUSTRY AND SERVICE STATISTICS

Source

Data is collected in the Annual Business Inquiry (ABI), which is a stratified random sample survey. The ABI estimates cover all UK businesses registered for Value Added Tax (VAT) and/or Pay As you Earn (PAYE) in the ONS Inter Departmental Business Register (IDBR). The inquiry is addressed to the individual legal unit.

Data for 1995 and 1996 were calculated on a different basis from those for 1997 and later years. However, in order to provide a link between the two data series, the 1995 and 1996 data have been reworked to provide estimates on a consistent basis.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production at basic prices, or gross output, is calculated by adjusting the value of total sales, work done and services rendered, by the net changes during the year of work in progress and goods on hand for sale and for 1996-1997 only, work of a capital nature by own staff. Total sales represents deliveries on sale of goods produced by establishments in the United Kingdom coming within the scope of the census and includes sales of goods made for establishments from materials given out by them to other organisations or to outworkers, and the sales of waste products and residues. The value of sales is the "net selling value", i.e. the amount charged to customers whether values "ex-works" or "delivered" less VAT, trade discounts, agents' commissions, etc., and allowances on returned goods. Where products attract excise duty, the value is inclusive of duty if goods are sold "duty-paid" and exclusive of duty if goods are sold in bond or exported. Sales of fixed assets are excluded.

Value added, or gross value added at factor cost, is calculated as the value of gross output less the cost of purchases of materials for use in production and packaging, fuels, goods for merchanting or factoring, the cost of industrial and non-industrial services received, rates and the cost of licensing of motor vehicles. The value of purchases is adjusted for changes during the year of stocks of materials, stores and fuel. The valuation is in factor values, i.e. excluding indirect taxes and including subsidies.

Investment, or gross fixed capital formation, is the value of purchases of fixed assets less the value of sales of such assets. The valuation is at full cost incurred, including the cost of installation and certain fees and taxes (namely legal fees, stamp duty, agents' commissions, etc.), and is inclusive of any amounts received or expected to be received in grants and/or allowances from government sources, statutory bodies or local authorities. In general, the value is that charged to capital account, together with any other amounts which rank as capital items for taxation purposes during the year. Where expenditure is spread over more than one census year, payments are included in the years in which they were made. Capital expenditure during the year in respect of production units where production had not started before the end of the year, and the value of capital goods produced for establishments' own use by establishments' own staff are included. The value of any assets acquired in taking over an existing business is excluded. The figures include non-deductible VAT but exclude deductible VAT. No allowance is made for depreciation, amortisation or obsolescence.

As from 1993, data for investment in machinery and equipment refers only to that manufactured or built for the establishment own use: it represents the value of all work of a capital nature carried out during the year by the staff of, and the use in, the business covered by the return.

Employment, employees gives the average number of full time and part time employees on the payroll during the year of return. It includes administrative, technical and clerical employees and operatives, directors who received a definite wage, salary, fee or commission. It does not include working proprietors, i.e. persons regarded as self-employed for national insurance purposes, members of their families who worked in the business without receiving a definite wage or salary for at least half the normal working hours and directors who worked in the business but did not receive a definite wage, salary or commission. Persons on short-term leave and persons on strike are included.

Compensation of labour, employees represents amounts paid during the year to employees. They include wages and salaries and supplements. Employers’ National Insurance contributions, contributions to other pension and welfare schemes and redundancy payments less any amounts reimbursed for this purpose from government sources are included.

Wages and salaries, employees represent amounts paid during the year to employees. All overtime payments, bonuses, commissions and payments to those temporarily absent (e.g. on holiday, sick, or on maternity leave etc.) are included. Payments to working proprietors, payments in kind, travelling expenses, lodgings allowances etc., payments to subcontractors and home workers, and employers’ social costs are excluded.

Employers’ social costs include employers’ National Insurance contributions, i.e. employers’ National Insurance contributions under the Social Security Pensions Act 1975, commercial insurance premiums for policies providing pensions, superannuation or other retirement benefits, sickness benefit, personal accident benefits, disability benefits or death benefits for employees or their dependants.

Establishments are defined as the smallest unit which can provide the information normally required for an economic census.

Publications

  1. Annual Abstract of Statistics;
  2. Labour market Trends (monthly).

All published by the Office for National Statistics.

The website www.statistics.gov.uk/abi replaces the existing ABI publications: Production and Construction Inquiries Summary Volume (PA1002); PACSTAT CD-ROM and Distribution and Services Sector Reviews which will no longer be published.

 
UNITED STATES  
NAME OF INSTITUTION Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington D.C
INSTITUTION WEBSITE http://www.census.gov
UNITS Monetary variables: millions of USD

Other variables: units (except hours worked in thousands)

 
Classification

The classification used is the Standard Industrial Classification system (SIC 1992).

Data are converted from SIC to ISIC Revision 3 up to the 4th digit level.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS

Source

Most industrial data are derived from the Census Bureau's quinquennial Census of Manufactures and the Annual Surveys of Manufacturers. The quinquennial census covers years ending in 2 and 7 and covers all establishments with at least one employee; annual surveys are conducted each of the years during inter-censal periods. The Annual Survey of Manufacturers (ASM) takes a sample, selected at 5-years intervals, of around 200,000 establishments, covering about 55% of the 366,000 manufacturing establishments of the 1997 Census. For the remaining 166,000 establishments which are not surveyed, estimates are based on administrative sources.

Concepts and definitions of variables

Production relates to the value of shipments. They cover the received or receivable net selling values, f.o.b. plant (exclusive of freight and taxes), of all products shipped, both primary and secondary, as well as all miscellaneous receipts, such as receipts for contract work performed for others, installation and repair, sales of scrap, and sales of products bought and resold without further processing. Included are all items made by or for the establishments from materials owned by it, whether sold, transferred to other plants of the same company, or shipped on consignment. The net selling value of products made in one plant on a contract basis from materials owned by another was reported by the plant providing the materials. In the case of multi-establishment companies, the manufacturer was requested to report the value of products transferred to other establishments of the same company at full economic or commercial value, including not only the direct cost of production but also a reasonable proportion of "all other costs" (including company overhead) and profit.

Value added is derived by subtracting the cost of materials, supplies, containers, fuel, purchased electricity, and contract work from the value of shipments. The result of this calculation is adjusted by the addition of value added by merchandising operations (the difference between the sales value and the cost of merchandise sold without further manufacture, processing, or assembly) plus the net change in finished goods and work-in-process between the beginning- and end-of-year inventories. For those industries where value of production is collected instead of value of shipments, value added is adjusted only for the change in work-in-process inventories between the beginning and end of year. For those industries where value of work done is collected, the value added does not include an adjustment for the change in finished goods or work-in-process inventories.

Investment relates to new and used capital expenditures. New expenditures refer to permanent additions and major alterations to manufacturing establishments as well as machinery and equipment used for replacement and additions to plant capacity if they were of the type for which depreciation accounts were ordinarily maintained. The totals for new expenditures include expenditures leased from non-manufacturing concerns through capital leases. New facilities owned by the Federal Government but operated under private contract by private companies, and plant and equipment furnished to the manufacturer by communities and non-profit organisations are excluded. Investment also includes the value of all used buildings and equipment purchased during the year at the purchase price. For any equipment or structure transferred for the use of the reporting establishment by the parent company or one of its subsidiaries, the value at which it was transferred to the establishment was to be reported. Furthermore, if the establishment changed ownership during the year, the cost of the fixed assets (building and equipment) was to be reported under used capital expenditures.

Investment in machinery and equipment includes transport equipment, industrial machinery and equipment, office machinery and equipment, furniture, professional instruments and equipment, and alterations, improvements, and repairs to the above (if capitalised). Data on sales of fixed assets are not collected.

Employment, employees figures are given for all full- and part-time employees on the payrolls of operating establishments. An average of four quarterly observations (taken on 12 March, May, August and November) is taken for production workers (operatives) and combined with the figure for all other employees that is taken annually on 12 March. Included are all persons on paid sick leave, paid holidays, and paid vacations during these pay periods. Also included are employees on the payroll of the manufacturing establishment engaged in the construction of major additions or alterations to the plant and utilised as a separate work force. Officers of corporations are included as employees; proprietors and partners of unincorporated firms are excluded.

Employment, operatives includes workers (up through the line-supervisor level) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspecting, receiving, storing, handling, packing, warehousing, shipping (but not delivering), maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, product development, auxiliary production for plant's own use (power plant, etc.), record-keeping, and other services closely associated with these production operations at the establishment covered by the report.

Hours worked include all production hours, worked or paid for at the plant, including actual overtime hours (not straight-time equivalent hours), waiting time or time on call in the workplace, and rest periods, but excluding hours paid for vacations, holidays or sick leave.

Compensation of labour covers gross earnings paid during the year, including wages, salaries and employers' contributions to pension funds and social security schemes.

Wages and salaries, employees correspond the gross earnings of all employees on the payroll of operating manufacturing establishments paid in the calendar year. They include all forms of compensation, such as salaries, wages, commissions, dismissal pay, bonuses, vacation and sick leave pay, and compensation in kind, prior to such deductions as employees' Social Security contributions, withholding taxes, group insurance, union dues, and savings bonds. They include salaries of officers of corporations but exclude payments to proprietors or partners of unincorporated concerns. Also excluded are payments to members of Armed Forces and pensioners carried on the active payroll of manufacturing establishments.

Employers’ social contributions are divided into legally required expenditures and payment for voluntary programs. The legally required portion consists primarily of Federal old age and survivors' insurance, unemployment compensation, and workers' compensation while payments for voluntary program are those adopted by the employer on his own initiative or as a result of collective bargaining. The latter includes the employer portion of such plans as insurance premiums, premiums for supplemental accident and sickness insurance, pension plans, supplemental unemployment compensation, welfare plans, stock purchase plans on which the employer payment is not subject to withholding tax, etc. They exclude such items as company-operated cafeterias, in-plant medical services, free-parking lots, discounts on employee purchases, and uniforms and work clothing for employees.

Publications

  1. Census of Manufactures;
  2. Annual Survey of Manufactures.

Both published by the Bureau of the Census, United States Department of Commerce.