Indonesia is one of the many non-member economies with which the OECD has working relationships in addition to its 30 member countries. The OECD Council at Ministerial level adopted a resolution on 16 May 2007 to strengthen the co-operation with Indonesia, as well as with Brazil, China, India and South Africa, through a programme of enhanced engagement. It also called for the expansion of the OECD’s relations with Southeast Asia. While enhanced engagement is distinct from accession to the OECD, it has the potential in the future to lead to membership.
Ms. Sri Mulyani Indrawati, Minister of Finance of Indonesia (left) and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría during the 2009 OECD Ministerial Council Meeting in Paris.
Indonesia is a lead economy in Southeast Asia, one of the most dynamic areas of the global economy. In co-operation with ASEAN and the Asian Development Bank, Indonesia hosted the first OECD-Southeast Asia Regional Forum, Peer Review Mechanism for Policy Reform, in Jakarta in January 2007. The purpose of the meeting was to raise awareness in the region of OECD’s work and its working methods. The Forum provided an opportunity to share policy experiences in the region and to learn from the experiences of OECD countries facing similar economic challenges.
How is the co-operation co-ordinated?
The OECD’s Centre for Co-operation with Non-Members develops and oversees the strategic orientation of this relationship and ensures that the dialogue remains focused, forward-looking and mutually beneficial. Usually, meetings are held between Indonesian officials and experts from OECD countries and the OECD Secretariat, on topics mutually agreed on and jointly prepared with analytical studies.
Areas of work
The OECD is strengthening and deepening its co-operation with Indonesia. In 2008 the OECD completed its first Economic Assessment of Indonesia which provides a comprehensive overview of the main economic challenges faced by the country and sets out concrete recommendations aimed at further strengthening policy reform. Indonesia also participates in activities in various policy areas, including competition, trade, budget reform, agriculture, migration, anti-corruption, privatisation, taxation and investment.
Indonesia’s participation in OECD general activities
Indonesia has participated in OECD meetings at Ministerial level. It also participates in some Committees and working groups and working groups, notably the Competition Committee.