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India’s urban population has risen by more than 150 million since 1990 and is projected to grow by a further 500 million by 2050. The specific challenges challenges facing Indian policy makers will be related to managing urban spatial expansion, improving infrastructure, and access to services and transportation.
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Faced by a serious and persistent water crisis owing to a growing imbalance of supply and demand, as well as poor water resource management and climate change, India is projected to face severe water stress by 2050.
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Many policy initiatives have been implemented in India, in recognition of the key role quality plays in strengthening health care systems. Accreditation programmes for hospitals and health care providers and the development of hospital infection control programmes seem to be the most relevant initiatives.
Curbing inflation and improving the effectiveness of public finance programmes are key challenges of macroeconomic policy in India. Complex labour regulations and infrastructure bottlenecks are holding back growth in the manufacturing sector. Raising the low female economic participation and higher spending on health would raise growth and make it more inclusive.
The Indian economy is showing signs of a turnaround, but new reforms are needed to put the country on a path to strong, sustainable and inclusive growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of India.
While the outlook for many OECD countries remains subdued, Emerging Asia is set for healthy growth over the medium term. Annual GDP growth for the ASEAN -10, China and India is forecast to average 6.5% over 2015-19. Growth momentum remains robust in the 10 ASEAN countries, with economic growth averaging 5.6% over 2015-19.
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India’s economic growth has slowed since 2010 in the aftermath of the global crisis, but growth is expected to pick up according to the May 2014 projections of the OECD Economic Outlook. The unemployment rate was 3.6% in 2012 in India, lower than in 2006 (4.4%) before the onset of the global financial crisis.
A moderate expansion is underway in most major advanced and emerging economies, but growth remains weak in the euro area, which runs the risk of prolonged stagnation if further steps are not taken to boost demand, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.
This policy dialogue aims to deepen policy discussions between the OECD and key decision-makers in India. The first phase of the programme provides policy options on improving monitoring and prevention of abusive related party transactions.
This book presents the findings of an OECD policy dialogue with Indian stakeholders on policies to improve the monitoring and prevention of abusive related party transactions in India.