Background Reports


Draft background documents prepared for the 2009 meeting are being posted on this site as they become available. Please keep checking this page.


Opening Session:

The ICT4D 2.0 Manifesto: Where Next for ICTs and International Development? 2009 (pdf)

ICT4D – the application of information and communication technologies for international development – is moving to a new phase. This will require new technologies, new approaches to innovation and implementation, new intellectual perspectives and, above all, a new view of the world's poor. All these must be understood if we are to harness digital technologies in the service of some of our world's most pressing problems. This paper explains the phase change – from "ICT4D 1.0" to "ICT4D 2.0" – and its implications.

Written by Richard Heeks.


Session 1: Access to ICTs and the Internet

How the developing world may participate in the global Internet Economy: Innovation driven by competition 2009 (pdf - Final version)

This report demonstrates that voice connectivity was achieved for a majority of the world’s people, including substantial numbers of the poor, because governments removed or lowered barriers to participation in the supply of telecom services and created conditions somewhat conducive to competition, even if less than perfect.

Written by Rohan Samarajiva.


Session 2: Broadband Policy and Development


Session 3: Mobile Banking

New initiatives to bank the poor are straining the world’s financial regulatory systems 2009 (pdf - Final version)
Written by Paul Makin


Session 5: Green ICTs for Development

ICT and the environment in developing countries: opportunities and developments 2009 (pdf - Final version)
Written by John Houghton



Other relevant background reports by the OECD include:


Global Opportunities for Internet Access Developments  2008 (pdf)

The Internet has been remarkably successful in developing greater opportunities for communication access for the first billion users. The challenge is to expand the economic and social opportunities to the next several billion users. This report addresses changes in communications policy which are enabling this to be a practical possibility.


Broadband Growth and Policies in OECD Countries  2008 (pdf)

Following the mandate of the 2004 OECD Council Recommendation on Broadband Development, this report examines the current state of broadband development and policies and highlights ongoing policy challenges.


Internet Address Space: Economic Considerations in the Management of IPv4 and in the Deployment of IPv6  2008 (pdf)

This report raises awareness among policy makers of the capacity and limitations of the Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4), provides information on the status of readiness and deployment of the newer version of the Internet Protocol, IP version 6 (IPv6), and identifies policies to encourage all stakeholders, including governments, to play a part in IPv6 deployment.


Malicious Software (Malware): A Security Threat to the Internet Economy  2008 (pdf)

Malware has evolved from occasional “exploits” to a multi-million dollar criminal industry. This report informs policy makers about the evolution and impact of malware, as well as the counter-measures being taken. It concludes with suggestions for greater co-operation across the various international communities addressing malware.


OECD Input to the United Nations Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG)  2005


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