Agricultural policies are measures related to the domestic farm sector and trade in agricultural products. Agricultural policies address a wide range of issues, including providing sufficient food at reasonable prices for consumers, ensuring food safety and improving environmental quality. The OECD has developed agriculture support indicators that, despite this diversity, express policy measures with numbers in a comparable way across time and between countries.
Agricultural support is defined as the annual monetary value of gross transfers to agriculture from consumers and taxpayers, arising from governments’ policies that support agriculture, regardless of their objectives and their economic impacts. The Percentage Total Support Estimate indicator (%TSE) represents the total of policy transfers to agricultural sector expressed as a share of GDP. The Percentage Producer Support Estimate (%PSE) represents policy transfers to agricultural producers, measured at the farm gate and expressed as a share of gross farm receipts. TSE transfers consist of transfers to agricultural producers (measured by the PSE), consumers (measured by the CSE) and support to general services to agricultural sector (measured by the GSSE). Transfers included in the PSE are composed of market price support, budgetary payments and the cost of revenue foregone by the government and other economic agents.
Producer protection, measured by the Producer Nominal Protection Coefficient (NPC) is defined as the ratio between the average price received by producers (measured at the farm gate), including net payments per unit of current output, and the border price (measured at the farm gate). For instance, an NPC of 1.10 suggests that farmers, overall, received prices that were 10% above international market levels.
OECD support indicator tables are complemented by the annual publication Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation, which analyses the agricultural policy developments of the OECD area and individual economies
You can consult the complete overview of policy data and indicators for the total OECD area, individual OECD economies and for other economies (Brazil, China, Colombia, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa, Ukraine, Viet Nam) below.
Display individual policy measures and selected relative indicators data for each country (Excel) with definitions and sources for each (pdf). Please note that PSE information is provided for the European Union as a whole, although budgetary payments for individual EU member countries are available in the data file.
OECD economies(published June 2016)
Other economies(published June 2016)
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Use our pivot tables to compare countries and filter disaggregated policy-level data by commodity, policy implementation criteria and country.