Publications & Documents


  • 22-January-2015

    English

    Health Workforce

    Health workers are crucial for ensuring access to high quality and cost-effective care. Current projects analyse different aspects of health workforce policy, including how countries can improve their health workforce planning, what policymakers can do to ensure that doctors practice where they are most needed, and whether health workers put their skills to effective use in their jobs.

  • 22-January-2015

    English

    Biosafety and the Environmental Uses of Micro-Organisms - Conference Proceedings

    Micro-organisms play a fundamental role in the environment. Yet their role is the result of complex biogeochemical processes by consortia of micro-organisms and the function of individual species is not clear in many cases.

    This publication provides an overview of the current situation and relevant developments in environmental microbiology, as well as its potential application, which covers: use of micro-organisms for agriculture, production purposes, bioremediation, and cleaning purpose; environmental applications of microbial symbionts of insects; and environmental risk/safety assessment of the deliberate release of engineered micro-organisms.

     

  • 20-January-2015

    English

    Waiting Times

    Over the past decade, many OECD countries have introduced new policies to tackle excessive waiting times for elective treatments with some success. However, in the wake of the recent economic downturn and severe pressures on public budgets, waiting times may rise again, and it is important to understand which policies work.

  • 15-January-2015

    English

    OECD Reviews of Health Care Quality: Italy 2014 - Raising Standards

    This report reviews the quality of health care in Italy, seeks to highlight best practices, and provides a series of targeted assessments and recommendations for further improvements to quality of care. Italy’s indicators of health system outcomes, quality and efficiency are uniformly impressive. Life expectancy is the fifth highest in the OECD. Avoidable admission rates are amongst the very best in the OECD, and case-fatality after stroke or heart attack are also well below OECD averages. These figures, however, mask profound regional differences. Five times as many children in Sicily are admitted to hospital with an asthma attack than in Tuscany, for example. Despite this, quality improvement and service redesign have taken a back-seat as the fiscal crisis has hit. Fiscal consolidation has become an over-riding priority, even as health needs rapidly evolve. Italy must urgently prioritise quality of its health care services alongside fiscal sustainability. Regional differences must be lessened, in part by giving central authorities a greater role in supporting regional monitoring of local performance. Proactive, coordinated care for people with complex needs must be delivered by a strengthened primary care sector. Fundamental to each of these steps will be ensuring that the knowledge and skills of the health care workforce are best matched to needs.

  • 15-January-2015

    English

    Still too much variation in health care quality across Italian regions, says new OECD report

    Italy has significantly improved the quality of health care in recent decades but needs to tackle the wide disparities that remain between regions, according to a new OECD report.

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  • 16-December-2014

    English

    Health Inequalities

    Despite remarkable progress in health status and life expectancy in OECD countries over the past decades, there remain large inequalities not only across countries, but also across population groups within each country. These inequalities in health status are linked to many factors, including differences in exposure to risk factors to health and in access to health care.

  • 16-December-2014

    English

    Paying providers for health care

    How health providers are paid is one of the key policy levers that countries have to drive health system performance. The 2012 HSC Survey analyses the payment modes currently in use in OECD countries to remunerate primary care, outpatient specialist care and inpatient care, the price regulations for health services and identifies new innovative modes of payments in more detail.

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  • 15-December-2014

    English

    Children’s Health

    Children can be more vulnerable than adults to chemicals. Considering global concern for children’s health, the OECD has been working to bring together knowledge and experiences to reduce risks to children’s health from chemicals.

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  • 3-December-2014

    English, PDF, 271kb

    Health at a Glance: Europe 2014 - Briefing Note for Ireland

    Despite cuts in recent years, health spending as a share of GDP in Ireland remains slightly higher than the EU average and pharmaceutical spending in particular remains relatively high.

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  • 3-December-2014

    English, PDF, 290kb

    Health at a Glance: Europe 2014 - Briefing Note for France (in French)

    Le poids des dépenses hospitalières dans les dépenses de santé s’avère très élevé en France malgré des efforts pour développer des modes de prise en charge moins coûteux.

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