There is now strong evidence that microbiomes play an important role in human health, as there are clear linkages to many major non-communicable diseases. This report assesses the key policy challenges for innovation in the microbiome. It argues that if such a promising scientific field is to lead to innovative applications, policies on science and innovation must be improved in five areas.
Congratulations to our co-hosts for convening this timely event. As we have heard from the many distinguished panelists, universal health coverage is the key to progress on the whole SDG agenda.
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Health spending per capita in Iceland has started to rise again in recent years following sharp reductions after the economic crisis in 2008. Iceland reports good health outcomes, and tobacco and alcohol consumption are relatively low. However, increasing obesity rates and issues related to access to care are important public health and health system challenges.
This new OECD series aims to highlight the latest data in selected countries, to explain their health care systems and to provide key information in a clear and concise way. Each country snapshot highlights the most pertinent issues, be it smoking, obesity, surgical interventions, consumption of antibiotics, physicians density, etc., with the help of key statistics and are followed by brief policy recommendations.
Universal Health Coverage is about everyone having access to good quality health services without suffering financial hardship. Although most OECD countries offer all their citizens affordable access to a comprehensive package of health services, they face challenges in sustaining and enhancing such universal systems.
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The health system of the Slovak Republic provides universal coverage to its population but struggles to become more efficient and needs to address the large regional differences in both health outcomes and resources.
Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) are commonly used to convert national currencies to a common unit. The main novel feature in the 2017 report is the collection of comparable and output-based prices for hospital services that can then be applied to matching health accounts expenditure data so as to derive consistent price and volume comparisons of health and hospital goods and services consumed.