Publications & Documents


  • 31-March-2017

    English

    A Decade of Social Protection Development in Selected Asian Countries

    Over the past ten years economic growth in Asia has contributed to a reduction of poverty as well as fertility rates, and with greater prosperity have come gains in life expectancy. However, at present many workers still work in informal employment, frequently for long hours at little pay and without social protection coverage. Social spending in Asia, extending the coverage of social protection benefits and improving the job quality of workers will be among Asia’s major challenges in future. This report considers these challenges, providing policy examples from countries to illustrate good practice, including Bangladesh, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, Singapore and Viet Nam.

  • 28-March-2017

    English

    Health Policy in Your Country

    This new OECD series aims to highlight the latest data in selected countries, to explain their health care systems and to provide key information in a clear and concise way. Each country snapshot highlights the most pertinent issues, be it smoking, obesity, surgical interventions, consumption of antibiotics, physicians density, etc., with the help of key statistics and are followed by brief policy recommendations.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 520kb

    Overview of Health Policy in New Zealand

    New Zealand has a generally high performing health system, which provides universal coverage and publicly funded access to a large set of core health services. Similar to other high-income countries, New Zealand faces the challenges posed by an ageing population, health inequities, as well as the growing burden of non-communicable and chronic diseases.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 424kb

    Overview of Health Policy in the Slovak Republic

    The Slovak Republic is struggling to attain the same health outcomes as its Western European Union neighbours. With 5.6% government expenditure on health as share of GDP and moderate private health spending, the country’s financial resources for health are on par with neighbouring Central European countries and countries of comparable wealth.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 339kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Spain

    The health system in Spain stands out for its impressive life gains during the past decades. Across OECD countries, Spain currently ranks second in terms of life expectancy at birth and at 65 years old, only behind Japan. However, factors such as a high share of out of pocket spending or a relatively low level of health professionals continue to impair higher health system performance.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 362kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Portugal

    Despite financial strains, Portugal has shown a great level of commitment towards improving the quality and efficiency of its health system while maintaining a universal public system. However, although progress has been achieved, certain areas demand further scrutiny such as access to health care services – especially among the most vulnerable population – quality of care, healthier lifestyles and the long-term care system.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 338kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Latvia

    Latvia’s health system broadly delivers effective care to the population within a context of significantly fewer resources compared to most OECD countries. However, there are important challenges to maintain and improve the performance of its health system.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 346kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Japan

    Japan continues to enjoy strong health outcomes and the longest life expectancies in the OECD. Its health spending has risen more quickly than in other OECD countries in recent years, partly due to population ageing. Within tight fiscal constraints, Japan must ensure the financial sustainability of its health system while orienting it toward an increasingly older population.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 346kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Iceland

    Although the annual growth rate in health spending in Iceland is now close to zero, health expenditure per capita remains largely above the OECD average. Iceland reports good health outcomes and tobacco and alcohol consumption are relatively low. Increasing obesity rates, problems in access to care and poor quality of hospital care, however, are important challenges threatening the health of the Icelandic population.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 439kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Luxembourg

    The Luxembourg health care system achieves good results relatively efficiently. Luxembourg is, however, lagging behind other OECD countries with high volume of antibiotics prescribed and high rates of avoidable hospital admissions. Population ageing and increasing risk factors are other important challenges that demand further scrutiny.

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