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  • 21-November-2019

    English

    Health in the 21st Century - Putting Data to Work for Stronger Health Systems

    This report explores how data and digital technology can help achieve policy objectives and drive positive transformation in the health sector while managing new risks such as privacy, equity and implementation costs. It examines the following topics: improving service delivery models; empowering people to take an active role in their health and their care; improving public health; managing biomedical technologies; enabling better collaboration across borders; and improving health system governance and stewardship. It also examines how health workforces should be equipped to make the most of digital technology. The report contains findings from surveys of OECD countries and shares a range of examples that illustrate the potential benefits as well as challenges of the digital transformation in the health sector. Findings and recommendations are relevant for policymakers, health care providers, payers, industry as well as patients, citizens and civil society.
  • 18-November-2019

    English

    The Supply of Medical Isotopes - An Economic Diagnosis and Possible Solutions

    This report explores the main reasons behind the unreliable supply of Technetium-99m (Tc-99m) in health-care systems and policy options to address the issue. Tc-99m is used in 85% of nuclear medicine diagnostic scans performed worldwide – around 30 million patient examinations every year. These scans allow diagnoses of diseases in many parts of the human body, including the skeleton, heart and circulatory system, and the brain. Medical isotopes are subject to radioactive decay and have to be delivered just-in-time through a complex supply chain. However, ageing production facilities and a lack of investment have made the supply of Tc-99m unreliable. This report analyses the use and substitutability of Tc-99m in health care, health-care provider payment mechanisms for scans, and the structure of the supply chain. It concludes that the main reasons for unreliable supply are that production is not economically viable and that the structure of the supply chain prevents producers from charging prices that reflect the full costs of production and supply.
  • 13-November-2019

    English

    Health Expenditure

    Latest OECD figures on health spending show that health spending grew by less than 2% in 2017 with provisional estimates pointing to around 2.5% growth in 2018. OECD spending on health as a share of GDP remained at around 8.8% on average in 2017, according to OECD Health Statistics 2019, released on July 2.

  • 13-November-2019

    English

    Health Inequalities

    Despite remarkable progress in health status and life expectancy in OECD countries over the past decades, there remain large inequalities not only across countries, but also across population groups within each country. These inequalities in health status are linked to many factors, including differences in exposure to risk factors to health and in access to health care.

  • 13-November-2019

    English

    Waiting Times

    Over the past decade, many OECD countries have introduced new policies to tackle excessive waiting times for elective treatments with some success. However, in the wake of the recent economic downturn and severe pressures on public budgets, waiting times may rise again, and it is important to understand which policies work.

  • 13-November-2019

    English

    Social protection for older people with long-term care needs

    The OECD has designed a framework for comparing social protection for LTC across countries, and is developing models that can estimate the financial costs that people face, and the protection they receive, in different scenarios of LTC needs, and for any level of income and wealth.

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  • 13-November-2019

    English

    Mental Health

    Mental disorders account for one of the largest and fastest growing categories of the burden of disease worldwide. Mental ill-health can have devastating effects on individuals, families and communities, with one in every two people experiencing a mental illness in their lifetime. As many as 80% of those with a common mental disorder, and up to 50% of those with a severe mental disorder, do not seek or receive treatment.

  • 13-November-2019

    English

    Hospital performance

    The scope and scale of the OECD data collection effort on hospital performance is groundbreaking, being the first time hospital-level performance data have been collated and compared across OECD countries in America, Europe and Asia.

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  • 13-November-2019

    English

    Health Care Quality Framework

    Health care quality is a core dimension of health system performance. The Health Care Quality and Outcomes programme aims to develop and report indicators for international comparisons of health care quality.

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  • 13-November-2019

    English

    Patient-Reported Indicators Surveys (PaRIS)

    Although health systems across the OECD spend around 9% of their GDP on health, it is shocking how little we know about whether health systems are truly delivering what people need. The outcomes achieved for patients and how they experience care are rarely measured in a systematic and rigorous way. It is difficult to improve what is not been measured. The PaRIS initiative addresses this major gap.

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