People, economic activity, and environmental amenities are unevenly distributed across space. This also holds for the majority of environmental externalities. Spatial planning, the public policy toolbox used to alter their distribution, is one of the domains where the tensions between economic and environmental objectives are particularly acute. These tensions are, furthermore, expected to escalate as demand for housing, energy, food, fibre, but also ecosystem services, are growing.
This page outlines the analytical and empirical work that OECD undertakes to assess the environmental and economic effectiveness of spatial and land use planning instruments, as well as the potential gains from policy reforms. This work consists of a series of spatially explicit empirical analyses of the relationships between land use patterns, socioeconomic outcomes, environmental pressures, and the use of specific policy instruments.
The performance of these analyses requires extensive use of geo-referenced data, as well as the development of an analytical framework for spatial planning and land use patterns and policies, and an inventory and typology of spatial planning systems and instruments.
environment WORKING PAPERS
Analytical framework for spatial planning and land use patterns and policies
This project develops a coherent analytical framework, which:
This framework provides the background for the spatially explicit analyses and guides the selection of appropriate empirical methods for their performance.
Inventory and typology of spatial planning systems and policy instruments
This project develops an inventory and typology of spatial planning systems and policy instruments, which:
A major contribution of this project is the collection and processing of detailed geospatial data for all OECD countries, as well as for OECD Partners and accession countries. These data enable the construction of various land use indicators, which are an essential input for the spatially explicit empirical analyses. They also facilitate the performance of a number of analyses where spatial heterogeneity has to be taken under consideration.
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