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As environmental pressures continue to rise, governments throughout the OECD area have not been sitting back. If anything, the stringency of their policy measures has been increasing on the whole, not least to combat pollution and climate change. And as the evidence shows, stringent environmental policies can be introduced without hurting overall productivity.
Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many countries and are influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use it for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways. How accurate these rules are in valuing the benefit has important implications for tax revenue, the environment and other social impacts.
This report brings together lessons learned from OECD analysis on carbon pricing and climate policies. A key component of this approach is putting an explicit price on every tonne of CO2 emitted. Explicit pricing instruments, however, may not cover all sources of emissions and will often need to be complemented by other policies that effectively put an implicit price on emissions.
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This database contains information about a large number of environmental policy instruments in both OECD countries and about 20 selected non-OECD countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, China, India and South Africa.
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These surveys represent a breakthrough by providing a common framework to collect empirical evidence which can be used in order to design more effective and efficient policies while taking into account social aspects. Five areas where households exert particular environmental pressures are examined: residential energy and water use, transport choices, food consumption, and waste generation and recycling.
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Technological change is undoubtedly one of the keys to ensuring that climate change can be addressed without compromising economic growth. This policy brief provides key messages promoting technological innovation to address climate change.
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The OECD recently analysed the impacts of environmentally related taxes and similar instruments on innovation activity in firms and households. The key findings from this analysis are presented in this policy brief.
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This policy brief presents a guide for policy makers to environmentally related taxation that is included in the OECD Publication "Taxation, Innovation and the Environement".
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This Policy Brief looks at how eco-innovation can help meet environmental challenges such as climate change in the context of the globalised economy, building on OECD work on environmental policies and on science, technology and innovation policies.
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Are policies to protect the environment giving value for money – and how can we know? Recognising that policy decisions should be based on a comparison of costs and benefits, a number of OECD governments have introduced legal provisions requiring a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of new environmental regulations or measures.Cost-benefit analysis involves comparing the costs and benefits of a given policy in a common unit of measurement –