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Patent activity is frequently used as a proxy for technological innovation, that is, the method by which new or enhanced technologies are made available and brought into widespread use.
The Secretary-General Angel Gurría and a team of OECD experts were in Copenhagen at the UN Summit on Climate Change (7-18 December 2009) to share analysis and policy advice.
This working paper develops a conceptual framework to shed some light on this difficult debate. Competitiveness impacts of environmental policies may derive from the policy itself, or from the improvements of the environmental performance that derives from the policy.
This paper reviews recent literature on trends and prospects for innovation in climate change mitigation, to identify the most important international and domestic actions necessary to technologically alter energy systems in a direction that can achieve GHG stabilization targets while also meeting other societal goals.
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This report provides an inventory of eco-innovation policies in China. Similar reports are available on selected non-EU OECD members. They complement national roadmaps developed by EU member states under ETAP.
Many combinations of policies have been employed to stimulate local renewable energy development. These policies include: local governance by authority; providing resources; enabling private actors; leading by example; allowing self-governance. Mega-city mayors, down to small-town officials, have successfully introduced such policies, although these vary with location, local resources and population. Cities, Towns and Renewable Energy – “ Yes In My Front Yard “ includes several case studies chosen to illustrate how enhanced deployment of renewable energy projects can result, regardless of a community’s size or location.
The goals of this report are to inspire city stakeholders by showing how renewable energy systems can benefit citizens and businesses, assist national governments to better appreciate the role that local municipalities might play in meeting national and international objectives, and help accelerate the necessary transition to a sustainable energy future.
Japan, a relatively energy-efficient country, has been active in combating climate change. Under the Kyoto Protocol, Japan is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 6% relative to 1990 over the period 2008-12.
OECD at the UN Climate Change conference in Copenhagen "COP15"The impact of climate change is defining our lives, economies, and security.
Chile's fisheries and aquaculture sector has faced issues such as over-investment, declines in catch levels, stakeholder disputes, fleet downsizing and aquaculture diseases. This report shows how the sector in Chile evolved and met these challenges.
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A detailed review of the fisheries sector in Estonia since independence, including legislation, management, administration, employment, conservation, production, trade, quotas and catch data.