Publications & Documents


  • 22-April-2010

    English

    Climate change and competitiveness

    Our production and consumption patterns are causing irreversible damage to the earth and its atmosphere and we need to urgently reduce our greenhouse gas emissions, according to Angel Gurría. He added that cutting GHG emissions will inevitably involve a restructuring of the economy. Government policies must play a key role not only to enhance the competitive edge of “green” industries, but also to smooth the transition for those that

  • 21-April-2010

    English

    Applying Decommissioning Experience to the Design and Operation of New Nuclear Power Plants

    Experience from decommissioning projects suggests that the decommissioning of nuclear power plants could be made easier if it received greater consideration at the design stage and during the operation of the plants. Better forward planning for decommissioning results in lower worker doses and reduced costs. When appropriate design measures are not taken at an early stage, their introduction later in the project becomes increasingly difficult. Hence, their early consideration may lead to smoother and more effective decommissioning.

    It is now common practice to provide a preliminary decommissioning plan as part of the application for a licence to operate a nuclear facility. This means, in turn, that decommissioning issues are being considered during the design process. Although many design provisions aiming at improved operation and maintenance will be beneficial for decommissioning as well, designers also need to consider issues that are specific to decommissioning, such as developing sequential dismantling sequences and providing adequate egress routes. These issues and more are discussed in this report.

  • 15-April-2010

    English

    More than Just Concrete Realities - The Symbolic Dimension of Radioactive Waste Management

    Key concepts of radioactive waste management, such as safety, risk, reversibility and retrievability, carry different meanings for the technical community and for non-technical stakeholders. Similarly, socio-economic concepts, including community, landscape and benefit packages, are interpreted differently by diverse societal groups. Opinions and attitudes are not simply a faithful reflection of decision making, actual events and communicated messages; perceptions and interpretations of events and objects also play a role. This report presents key issues and examples in order to build awareness of the importance of symbols and symbolism in communicating about perceptions and interpretations. It adds to the recognition that dialogue amongst stakeholders is shaped by dimensions of meaning that reach beyond dictionary definitions and are grounded in tradition and social conventions. A better understanding of these less obvious or conspicuous realities should help find additional ways of creating constructive relationships amongst stakeholders.
  • 15-April-2010

    English

    Workshop on Advancing the Aquaculture Agenda, 15-16 April 2010

    Presentations and information from a 2010 OECD workshop on policy challenges that governments face in aquaculture development, including economic, environmental and social aspects.

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  • 15-April-2010

    English

    Effects of the VOC incentive tax on innovation in Switzerland - Case studies in the printing, paintmaking and metal cutting industries

    This study is part of the OECD's “Taxation, Innovation and the Environment” programme and discusses the innovation impacts of the VOC tax in Switzerland.

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  • 15-April-2010

    English

    OECD Legal Acts Database

    The Organisation's governing body, the Council, has the power to adopt legal instruments, usually referred to as "the OECD Acts". These Acts are the result of the substantive work carried out in the Organisation's Committees.

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  • 8-April-2010

    English

    Partnering for Long-Term Management of Radioactive Waste - Evolution and Current Practice in Thirteen Countries

    National radioactive waste management programmes are in various phases of siting facilities and rely on distinct technical approaches for different categories of waste. In all cases, it is necessary for institutional actors and the potential or actual host community to build a meaningful, workable relationship. Partnership approaches are effective in achieving a balance between the requirements of fair representation and competent participation. With host community support, they also help ensure the desirable combination of a licensable site and management concept as well as a balance between compensation, local control and development opportunities. This report provides up-to-date information on experience with local partnership arrangements in 13 countries. The characteristics, advantages and aims of community partnerships are also described in addition to the concept's evolution over the past decade.

  • 8-April-2010

    English

    Recommendation of the Council on Information and Communication Technologies and the Environment [C(2010)61]

    Recommends that, in establishing or reviewing their policies for communication technologies and the environment, Members take due account of and implement the principles, which provide a general framework for enhancing the contribution of ICTs to improving environmental performance.

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  • 31-March-2010

    English

    Evaluation of environmental policies

    Like any other policy, environmental policies should be carefully assessed both prior to their implementation and after they have been in place for some time.

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  • 22-March-2010

    English

    Public Attitudes to Nuclear Power

    Public attitudes to nuclear power are critical in shaping nuclear policies in OECD/NEA countries and the latter will only be able to make use of this energy source if a well-informed public considers that its benefits outweigh its risks. This report provides a number of insights into public attitudes towards nuclear power. Support for nuclear energy is generally correlated with the level of experience of and knowledge about nuclear power. Interestingly, while the public is generally aware of the contribution of nuclear power to ensuring security of energy supply, its potential contribution to combating climate change is less well recognised. Solving the waste disposal issue would also significantly increase the level of public support. Furthermore, OECD/NEA governments may wish to reflect carefully on how to react to these results as, according to the surveys, they are the least trusted source on energy issues, far behind regulators, non-governmental organisations and scientists.
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