Publications & Documents


  • 20-December-2010

    English

    Meta-analysis of stated preference VSL studies: Further model sensitivity and benefit transfer issues

    This paper gives a technical description of meta-analyses that have been made of estimates of the value of a statistical life in stated preferences surveys, and is an input to a user's guide for policy makers on the use of VSL values in policy assessments that is being prepared.

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  • 17-December-2010

    English

    Closing the Gap on Climate Finance

    To mark the final report of the UN High Level Advisory Group on Climate Change Financing (AGF), OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría wrote an op-ed entitled “Closing the Gap on Climate Finance” for Danish business newspaper Børsen on 7th November 2010.

  • 16-December-2010

    English

    Climate Policy and Technological Innovation and Transfer: An Overview of Trends and Recent Empirical Results - Environment Working Paper No. 30

    This working paper provides evidence on the generation and international diffusion of selected climate change mitigation technologies (CCMTs) and their respective links to key policies.

  • 16-December-2010

    English

    Stimulating Low-Carbon Vehicle Technologies

    Governments around the world are increasingly intervening in automobile markets to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions of CO2 from new vehicles. This report reviews the rationale for such intervention and examines measures for maximum effectiveness and minimum cost.

    The Round Table brought together economists, policy makers and auto engineers with the aim of advancing understanding of why car markets currently fail to deliver sufficient fuel economy. It started by questioning whether any additional measures would be necessary once an appropriate price for carbon dioxide is established via fuel taxes. It confirmed that there are indeed market imperfections that merit additional government intervention. Fuel economy and CO2 regulations are an essential part of the package. The key to maximising the benefits of such regulations is long-term planning. The longer the timeframe, the less industry investment is handicapped by uncertainty.

    Subsidies to electric vehicles are more problematic because of the risks of prematurely picking winning technologies and creating subsidy dependence. And electricity production has yet to be decarbonised. However, intervention to steer innovation in this direction is merited so long as the risks of not attaining climate policy targets are seen as higher than the risks of intervention.

  • 13-December-2010

    English

    The Security of Energy Supply and the Contribution of Nuclear Energy

    What contribution can nuclear energy make to improve the security of energy supply? This study, which examines a selection of OECD member countries, qualitatively and quantitatively validates the often intuitive assumption that, as a largely domestic source of electricity with stable costs and no greenhouse gas emissions during production, nuclear energy can make a positive contribution. Following an analysis of the meaning and context of security of supply, the study uses transparent and policy-relevant indicators to show that, together with improvements in energy efficiency, nuclear energy has indeed contributed significantly to enhanced energy supply security in OECD countries over the past 40 years.
  • 9-December-2010

    English

    Tackling climate change: How to ensure the necessary finance flows

    In his remarks, A. Gurría said that countries need to be ambitious in taking unilateral actions and that a cost-effective approach to reducing emissions could cost just a fraction of a percentage point of GDP per year.

  • 6-December-2010

    English

    Economics of Climate Change Mitigation

    OECD’s modelling work supports governments in identifying least-cost policies or policy mixes to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and assesses the cost and impacts of possible post-2012 international frameworks.

  • 1-December-2010

    English

    New growth doesn't have to cost the earth

    “We must be able to grow our economy in ways that the earth can sustain. That means growth without carbon and using the earth’s amazing larder of natural resources in ways that keep ecosystems healthy.” says WWF chief James P. Leape

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  • 1-December-2010

    English

    Valuation of Environment-Related Health Risks for Children

    Is the value of reducing environment-related health risks greater for children than for adults? A research project involving leading research teams has sought to answer this question through the implementation of surveys of parents in three OECD countries.

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  • 29-November-2010

    English

    Cities and Climate Change

    As the hubs of economic activity, cities drive the vast majority of the world’s energy use and are major contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions. Because they are home to major infrastructure and highly concentrated populations, cities are also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, such as rising sea levels, warmer temperatures and fiercer storms. At the same time, better urban planning and policies can reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions and improve the resilience of urban infrastructure to climate change, thus shaping future trends.  

    This book shows how city and metropolitan regional governments working in tandem with national governments can change the way we think about responding to climate change. The chapters analyse: trends in urbanisation, economic growth, energy use and climate change; the economic benefits of climate action; the role of urban policies in reducing energy demand, improving resilience to climate change and complementing global climate policies; frameworks for multilevel governance of climate change including engagement with relevant stakeholders; and the contribution of cities to “green growth”, including the “greening” of fiscal policies, innovation and jobs. The book also explores policy tools and best practices from both OECD and some non-member countries.  

    Cities and Climate Change reveals the importance of addressing climate change across all levels of government. Local involvement through “climate-conscious” urban planning and management can help achieve national climate goals and minimise tradeoffs between environmental and economic priorities at local levels. The book will be relevant to policy makers, researchers, and others with an interest in learning more about urbanisation and climate change policy. 

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