Publications & Documents


  • 4-November-2013

    English

    Effective carbon prices

    Comparisons of effective carbon prices that different economic sectors face within and across countries are of great economic and political interest. Effective carbon prices arise either explicitly via carbon taxes or emission trading systems, or implicitly, via the abatement incentives embedded in other policies that influence greenhouse gas emissions.

    Related Documents
  • 4-November-2013

    English

    Effective Carbon Prices

    Economic textbooks predict that taxes and emission trading systems are the cheapest way for societies to reduce emissions of CO2. This book shows that this is also the case in the real world. It estimates the costs to society of reducing CO2 emissions in 15 countries using a broad range of policy instruments in 5 of the sectors that generate most emissions: electricity generation, road transport, pulp & paper and cement, as well as households’ domestic energy use. It finds wide variations in the costs of abating each tonne of CO2 within and among countries, as well as in the sectors examined and across different types of policy instruments. Market-based approaches like taxes and trading systems consistently reduced CO2 at a lower cost than other instruments. Capital subsidies and feed-in tariffs were among the most expensive ways of reducing emissions.

  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 700kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note for Brazil

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Brazil. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity eneration, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

    Related Documents
  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 743kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note in Denmark

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Denmark. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

    Related Documents
  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 699kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note for Japan

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Japan. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

    Related Documents
  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 762kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note for France

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in France. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

    Related Documents
  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 925kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note for Germany

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Germany. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

    Related Documents
  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 1,492kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note for Australia

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Australia. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

    Related Documents
  • 23-October-2013

    English

    Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

    This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

    Related Documents
  • 14-October-2013

    English

    Policy Instruments to Support Green Growth in Agriculture

    This report synthesises the experience of OECD countries in developing and implementing policies, programmes and initiatives related to green growth in the agricultural sector, based primarily on material provided by governments. It discusses the overall approach that countries are taking towards establishing a green growth strategy in agriculture; the implementation of the OECD framework for monitoring progress towards green growth in agriculture; and the various policy instruments used.

    A key conclusion is that, while most countries have some policies in place that relate to the concept of green growth, the degree of ambition shows considerable variation. A wide range of instruments and a variety of “policy mixes” are currently applied across OECD countries, with the majority of countries appearing to have strategic objectives covering a wide range of subjects related to green growth, particularly in the area of improving energy efficiency and reducing the carbon footprint of agriculture. A coherent overall policy framework that has clear objectives, sets R&D priorities, and policy measures that are targeted and implemented at the appropriate levels are essential to establish a comprehensive strategy for green growth in agriculture.

  • << < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 > >>