Publications & Documents


  • 20-September-2013

    English

    Energy Policies Beyond IEA Countries: Estonia 2013

    This review of Estonia’s energy policies analyses the energy policy challenges and opportunities facing Estonia, and provides critiques and recommendations for future policy improvements. It finds that Estonia is actively seeking to reduce the intensity of its energy system. Many of these efforts are focused on oil shale, which the country has been using for almost a century and which meets 70% of its energy demand. While it provides a large degree of energy security, oil shale is highly carbon-intensive.
    The government is seeking to lessen the negative environmental impact by phasing out old power plants and developing new technologies to reduce significantly CO2 emissions.

    The efforts on oil shale complement Estonia’s solid track record of modernising its overall energy system. Since restoring its independence in 1991, Estonia has fully liberalised its electricity and gas markets and attained most national energy policy targets and commitments for 2020. It has also started preparing its energy strategy to 2030, with an outlook to 2050. Estonia is also promoting energy market integration with neighbouring EU member states.

  • 17-September-2013

    English

    Environmental Policy and Technological Innovation (EPTI)

    Technological change is undoubtedly one of the keys to ensuring that economic growth and environmental improvements co-exist. It is vitally important that environmental policies and policy instruments provide the right incentives for the development and diffusion of ‘environmental’ technologies.

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  • 4-September-2013

    English

    Marine Biotechnology: Enabling Solutions for Ocean Productivity and Sustainability

    This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.

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  • 2-September-2013

    English

    Water: governments must deal with rising risks

    Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

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  • 2-September-2013

    English

    OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

    The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

  • 28-August-2013

    English

    Got water?

    Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

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  • 22-August-2013

    English

    Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

    Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

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  • 20-August-2013

    English

    Household Consumption (EPIC)

    A ground-breaking OECD survey offers new insights to policy-makers on the factors that influence household behaviour towards the environment. It provides answers to the key question: How can the impact of policies encouraging greener behaviour be heightened? It also provides a deeper understanding of behavioural responses to measures and how these may differ across households and regions.

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  • 12-August-2013

    English

    Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Cambodia

    Key questions for development planning today in countries include: Can developing countries strike a balance between economic growth, societal well-being and environmental protection? Can inclusive, green growth be a way forward? This report presents a case study on Cambodia designed to answer these questions.

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  • 8-August-2013

    English

    A Toolkit of Policy Options to Support Inclusive Green Growth

    The non-prescriptive Inclusive Green Growth Toolkit developed by four International Organizations (IOs) - AfDB, OECD, UN, and WB - at the request of the G20 Development Working Group under the Mexican G20 Presidency in June 2012 and updated in July 2013

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