The need to mainstream biodiversity into economic growth and development is being
increasingly recognised and is now also firmly embedded in the Sustainable Development
Goals. Drawing on experiences and insights from 16 predominantly megadiverse countries,
this report examines how biodiversity is being mainstreamed in four key areas: 1)
at the national level, including national development plans and other strategies,
institutional co-ordination and national budgets; 2) the agriculture, forestry and
fisheries sectors; 3) in development co-operation; and 4) the monitoring and evaluation
of biodiversity mainstreaming and how this could be improved.