In 2011, TIME Magazine named collaborative consumption (or the sharing economy as it is often called) as one of the top 10 ideas that will change the world. Four years on, this prediction seems to be holding true. The number of companies operating in the sharing economy is rising rapidly in the transport sector alone.
This report explores this question on the basis of detailed mobility data including origin, destination and timing of all trips for a mid-sized European city. ITF developed a model to test various alternative transport system configurations that would provide the same level of mobility (locations and timing) as today.
"Green growth" and transport combines several different concepts that are central to sustainable mobility, including sustainable economic activity, reduced environmental impact and sustained growth in high quality jobs.
Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.
This working paper reviews the recent empirical literature related to quantification and valuation of the human health impacts of air pollution, hazardous chemicals, unsafe water and sanitation, and their use in cost-benefit analysis, as an input to environmental policy decision-making.
Transport has major environmental impacts in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, local air emissions and noise. Managing congestion more effectively is also part of the broader agenda for more sustainable development and better use of resources invested in infrastructure.
This event will bring together Ministers from over 50 countries and key players from business, research and civil society to focus on the essential role of transport within society and how it can continue to contribute to economic growth and community prosperity, Leipzig, Germany.
This book examines the environmental impacts of international maritime transport, and looks more in detail at the impacts stemming from near-port shipping activities, the handling of the goods in the ports and from the distribution of the goods to the surrounding regions.
English, Excel, 120kb
In addition to the work on Globalisation, Transport and the Environment (see www.oecd.org/env/transport/globalisation), OECD has in recent years issued a number of other documents on transport and environment.
As part of the project “Environmental Impacts of International Shipping: the role of ports”, this case study focuses on the way the port of metro Vancouver and the Canadian authorities address the environmental impacts of the port and its interactions with the hinterlands.