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An efficient transport sector is important for economic development and for the wellbeing of people. However, transport activities can generate various negative environmental impacts. The OECD has carried out several studies to identify instruments and other approaches for reconciling transport and environmental policies.
Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.
We must improve mobility policies, foster energy technology and innovation and we must go seamless to improve efficiency and connectivity of transport. It is time to act now, to design, promote and put in place better transport policies for better lives!
This working paper reviews the recent empirical literature related to quantification and valuation of the human health impacts of air pollution, hazardous chemicals, unsafe water and sanitation, and their use in cost-benefit analysis, as an input to environmental policy decision-making.
Transport has major environmental impacts in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, local air emissions and noise. Managing congestion more effectively is also part of the broader agenda for more sustainable development and better use of resources invested in infrastructure.
This event will bring together Ministers from over 50 countries and key players from business, research and civil society to focus on the essential role of transport within society and how it can continue to contribute to economic growth and community prosperity, Leipzig, Germany.
This book examines the environmental impacts of international maritime transport, and looks more in detail at the impacts stemming from near-port shipping activities, the handling of the goods in the ports and from the distribution of the goods to the surrounding regions.
English, Excel, 120kb
In addition to the work on Globalisation, Transport and the Environment (see www.oecd.org/env/transport/globalisation), OECD has in recent years issued a number of other documents on transport and environment.
As part of the project “Environmental Impacts of International Shipping: the role of ports”, this case study focuses on the way the port of metro Vancouver and the Canadian authorities address the environmental impacts of the port and its interactions with the hinterlands.
As part of the project “Environmental Impacts of International Shipping: the role of ports”, this case study focuses on the way the port of Busan and the Korean authorities address the environmental impacts of the port and its interactions with the hinterlands.