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What impact has globalisation had on transport? And what have been the consequences for the environment? This book aims to answer these questions and more. It looks in detail at how globalisation has affected activity levels in maritime shipping, aviation, and road and rail freight, and assesses the impact that changes in activity levels have had on the environment. The book also discusses policy instruments that can be used to address negative environmental impacts, both from an economic perspective and from the point of view of international law.
This book is based on a series of papers prepared for an OECD/ITF Global Forum on Transport and Environment in a Globalising World (Guadalajara, Mexico, November 2008). The original papers have been updated and edited, primarily in order to avoid overlap from chapter to chapter, and have been brought together in this volume to provide policy makers with a comprehensive overview of the interactions between globalisation, transport and the environment.
|Chapter 1.||Introduction and Main Findings|
|Chapter 2.||Globalisation's Direct and Indirect Effects on the Environment|
|Chapter 3.||International Maritime Shipping: The Impact of Globalisation on Activity Levels|
|Chapter 4.||International Air Transport: The Impact of Globalisation on Activity Levels|
|Chapter 5.||International Road and Rail Freight Transport: The Impact of Globalisation on Activity Levels|
|Chapter 6.||International Maritime Shipping: Environmental Impacts of Increased Activity Levels|
|Chapter 7.||International Air Transport: Environmental Impacts of Increased Activity Levels|
|Chapter 8.||International Road and Rail Freight Transport: Environmental Impacts of Increased Activity Levels|
|Chapter 9.||Policy Instruments to Limit Negative Environmental Impacts: An Economic Perspective|
|Chapter 10.||Policy Instruments to Limit Negative Environmental Impacts: International Law|
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Transport and environment