In 2009, Mexico launched the Special Climate Change Programme 2009-2012 (Programa Especial de Cambio Climático (PECC) 2009-2012) where it announced a target of cutting national greenhouse gas emissions by 50% by 2050 compared to 2000.
The PECC puts forward a mitigation strategy which requires a profound transformation of forms of production and consumption, energy use, and natural resource management.
The associated adaptation plans consists of three stages: evaluating the country’s vulnerability and economic valuation of the priority measures; strengthening the strategic capacity for adaptation; and consolidating the existing capacity. Climate change mitigation and adaptation plans are part of the 2007-2012 National Development Plan (NDP).
13 October 2011: Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General and Rafael Elvira, Minister of Environment, Mexico. ©OECD
The specific actions that Mexico is undertaking in order to reduce its greenhouse gases are expected to mitigate 51 million tons of CO2, or its equivalent, in 2012 alone. This would be the same as removing all the vehicles from the Federal District for four and a half years or storing carbon in 1700 km2 of forest. In April 2010, Mexico achieved an annual reduction of 20.5 million tons of CO2 or its equivalent.
Through its energy reconversion process, 26% of electricity will come from renewable sources by 2012. The creation of a national fund of one thousand million pesos will contribute to this transition.
Mexico also aims to replace almost 2 million refrigerators and pieces of air conditioning equipment, as well as substitute more than 47 million incandescent light bulbs with more efficient ones. With these actions, Mexico would stop emitting about 4.73 MtCO2e and would save about 7,871 GWh of electric power between 2009 and 2012.
According to the OECD Economic Survey of Mexico, withdrawing energy subsidies fully would also be a vital first step to establish Mexico more firmly as an emerging country leader in climate change mitigation. One goal in the National Energy Strategy is to gradually move to energy price schemes that reflect the opportunity costs of consumption, while protecting poor customers with better targeted subsidies. The government has implemented a new cash-transfer programme connected to the Oportunidades programme that supports families living in extreme poverty conditions, to help poor households cover their energy needs.
Currently, Mexico is working on developing its green growth indicators, using the OECD methodology proposed in Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress – OECD Indicators. So far, Mexico has identified 18 groups of feasible indicators such as CO2 productivity, energy productivity, water productivity, water and land resources, environmental goods and services, energy pricing, and environmentally related taxes.
The Mexican presidency of the G20 has made green growth one of their top priorities.
Actions in Mexico, Secretaria del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales
OECD Economic Surveys: Mexico 2011, including a focus on environmental taxes and energy subsidies
Programa Especial de Cambio Climático (PECC) 2009-2012