Green growth and sustainable development

Investment for green growth


Green growth means promoting economic growth while reducing pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, minimising waste and inefficient use of natural resources, and maintaining biodiversity. Green growth means improving health prospects for populations and strengthening energy security through less dependence on imported fossil fuels. It also means making investment in the environment a driver for economic growth. Green growth will require a shift in both public and private investments, with the limited public funds available carefully targeted and accompanied by the right policy frameworks to help leverage private financing.

2nd Green Investment Financing Forum - 19-20 May 2015, OECD Conference Centre

OECD Working Papers

Institutional Investors and Green Infrastructure Investments - Selected Case Studies, 2013

Towards green investment policy framework: The Case of Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Infrastructure, 2012

The Role of Institutional Investors in Financing Clean Energy, 2012

Defining and Measuring Green Investments: Implications for Institutional Investors’ Asset Allocations, 2012

Corporate greenhouse gas emmission: a stocktaking of government schemes, 2012

Defining and measuring green FDI: and exploratory review of existing work and evidence, 2011


Private investment in clean energy infrastructure

Mobilising investment opportunities in clean energy infrastructure

Policy guidance for investment in clean energy infrastructure

Overview of OECD work to help governments create an enabling environment to maximise investment flows in clean energy infrastructure

Overcoming barriers to international investment in clean energy

In support of governments efforts to promote investment in green energy, the OECD has launched a project to take stock of policy measures that may distort international competition and hamper investment in solar PV and wind energy.



Colombia's investment framework in support of green growth

Colombia is determined to ensure that economic growth and environmental protection are mutually supportive. The  investment policy review of Colombia outlines government efforts to strengthen the institutional capacity of environmental authorities, enhance the framework for investment in support of green growth and put in place “green” investment incentives. 

Tunisia determined to create sustainable economic development

‌Tunisia is taking the first steps to ensure the creation and implementation of a sustainable economic development strategy. Since the 1990s, Tunisia has pioneered the promotion of energy efficiency in the North Africa region and measures have been introduced gradually to facilitate the private sector’s participation in renewable energy sources and waste management. The 2012 investment policy review of Tunisia outlines government efforts to establish a green growth strategy and improve its framework for investment in support of green growth.


Transition to a low carbon economy: Public goals and corporate practices

This publication surveys responsible business practices addressing climate change and driving the shift to a low-carbon economy. It summarises policies, regulations and other instruments in support of a low-carbon economy in OECD countries and emerging economies, and analyses corporate responses to these drivers.

Green investment policy in China

The 2008 investment policy review of China provides the first detailed and comprehensive analysis of government efforts to encourage responsible business conduct by enterprises in China and by Chinese enterprises operating abroad. It highlights, in particular, efforts to strengthen environmental protection and respect for core labour standards by enterprises. Chapter 5 reviews environmentally responsible corporate conduct in China (pdf).


Harnessing freedom of investment for green growth

This report addresses how the international investment policy community can help countries achieve green growth. It focuses on the relationship between international environmental law and international investment law; investment treaty practices and environmental goals; investor-state dispute settlement; green protectionism; and the contribution of investment and business to greening the economy.  

FDI-Environment relationship in the mining sector

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is one of the forces fostering closer economic interdependence among countries. The rapid increase in FDI flows has generated considerable debate about its environmental and social implications in host countries.

Foreign Direct Investment and the Environment: Lessons from the Mining Sector examines the FDI-environment relationship in the mining sector and identifies emerging best practices. It looks at the key elements of the policy and institutional frameworks that guide investors’ environmental behaviour and the emerging role of voluntary commitments by enterprises to safeguard the environment.


Private sector participation in water infrastructure

This practical guidance has been developed for governments wishing to engage the private sector in water infrastructure. Presented in the form of a Checklist for Public Action, the guidance provides a coherent set of policy directions addressing the allocation of roles, risks and responsibilities, and the framework conditions for optimising private sector participation.



The 2004 Annual Report on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises focused on encouraging the positive contribution of business to environment through the guidelines, specifically recent developments in business practices toward the environment, dealing with environmental risk and corporate contributions to environmental policy.

Encouraging the positive contribution of business to environment

Environment and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises provides in-depth information and case studies on the tools and approaches available to companies that seek to upgrade their environmental performance by following the recommendations contained in the environment chapter of the OECD Guidelines.



Related Documents


OECD work on green growth