Green Growth Indicators


The report

Explore key data

Green Growth Indicators Framework

“Green growth is about fostering economic growth and development while ensuring that the natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services on which our well-being relies.To do this it must catalyse investment and innovation which will underpin sustained growth and give rise to new economic opportunities.”

Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress, 2011

The OECD designed the Green Growth Indicators to help countries assess and compare their progress. The measurement framework combines the main features of green growth with the basic principles of accounting and the pressure-state-response model. The green growth indicators have been selected based on three well-specified criteria: analytical soundness, measurability and policy relevance. 

Green Growth Indicators development requires progress on two fronts: methodological development and addressing data gaps. National statistics agencies have an important role to play here. 

Watch the video

Green growth indicators chart the progress that OECD countries and G20 economies have made since the 1990s. This video demonstrates how to use the Green Growth Indicators Database. Share your data visualisations with us on Twitter @OECD_ENV.


Green growth Indicators 2017

This report updates and extends the set of green growth indicators presented in the 2014 and 2011 editions. It charts the progress that OECD countries and G20 economies have made since 1990.

The 2017 edition places greater emphasis on the role of policy action, with enriched discussion on environmentally related taxes and subsidies, technology and innovation, and international financial flows.


Towards Green Growth: Tracking Progress

Four years after the launch of the OECD Green Growth Strategy, the report draws lessons from country experience and examines how to enhance policy design to deliver green growth. 

The brochure presenting the key findings and recommendations is available in English, en français, y en español

Green growth indicators in practice

Some countries have already applied and adjusted the OECD green growth measurement framework and indicators to their specific national contexts. Read the country reports:

Workshop on Green Growth Indicators in Latin American countries
, June 2015, OECD.

Shared environmental information system and green growth (Regional workshop for the countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia), March 2015, OECD. 

This is the cover of the paper Measuring Inclusive Growth at the Country Level - Taking Stock of Measurement Approaches and Indicators

Measuring Inclusive Green Growth at the Country Level - Taking Stock of Measurement Approaches and Indicators

This paper, published by the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) in February 2016, takes stock of current measurement approaches (including dashboards, composite indexes, footprint indicators and adjusted economic measures) and reviews available global data for indicators of inclusive green growth. The paper finds that significant gaps remain as existing approaches do not comprehensively cover natural resource depletion and environmental degradation. For example, data on economic cost and benefits, accessibility, and optimal or sustainable use of natural resources are rare. There is also a lack of comprehensive approaches and metrics for measurement of economic resilience to environmental risks as well as measurement of economic opportunities, related policies, and the distributional aspects of green growth.

Moving towards a common approach on Green Growth Indicators

On April 4, 2013, four leading international organisations on green growth launched a joint report under the auspices of the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP): the Global Green Growth Institute, the OECD, the United Nations Environment Programme, and the World Bank. 

In offering a conceptual framework for green growth indicators, this preliminary report marks the first time that the participating international organisations have shared a joint vision for a set of indicators that can help communicate the central elements of green growth and green economy. The indicators alert governments and citizens to pressing issues where policy action and societal responses are needed to address the environmental challenges.

Browse all the Green Growth Studies on the OECD iLibrary

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