The ocean economy spans multiple sectors – including fishing, aquaculture, tourism, transport and extractive sector – and is valued at USD 1.5 trillion. Yet marine and coastal ecosystems also provide invaluable – and in most cases ignored – services, such as pollution control, storm protection, shoreline stabilisation, and habitats for species – all of which are under severe pressure from economic activities. In addressing the economic recovery from the COVID-19 crisis, governments need to ensure not to encourage practises that could further undermine the sustainability of the ocean economy, such as overfishing, uncontrolled development of coastal zones, and pollution. This session will focus on best practices, opportunities and challenges for the greening of the ocean economy. The session will discuss the role of integrated approach to ocean management, such as Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) or Marine Spatial Planning (MSP), to ensure that multiple uses of the ocean are well aligned with the SDGs. How can marine protected areas ensure the sustainable use of marine resources? The debate will also discuss the distributional impact of necessary policy reforms, how these could be addressed, and the role of new technologies for sustainable ocean use in the context of the upcoming UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030).