This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
This publication presents the main results and policy implications of an OECD survey of more than 10 000 households in 10 countries. It offers new insight into what policy measures really work, looking at what factors affect people’s behaviour towards the environment.
Norway’s large potential for hydropower generation is an asset, as European electricity markets are integrating and variable renewable energy generation is set to increase. More cross-border interconnections are needed to realise the full potential of hydropower for balancing variations in demand and supply in the regional market. Increased interconnections would also improve electricity security in Norway in times of low hydropower availability. Gas-fired power plants should also be considered for use for the same purpose.
In order to meet its ambitious targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, Norway needs to step up efforts at home. Although the dominance of low-carbon electricity in the energy mix limits the scope for domestic measures, large potential for emission reductions remains in oil and gas production, manufacturing and transport. However, measures to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy should be carefully designed, because they often focus on electricity and would thus not reduce emissions. Recent large increases in spending on energy RD&D and ongoing efforts to develop carbon capture and storage are very welcome.
Fisheries reform is driven by economic forces, not environmental crisis. Policy makers must involve all stakeholders in supporting and sustaining reforms, as seen in these case studies of Iceland, Korea, Mexico, Norway and New Zealand.
Sustainable development is a key theme in policy making in Norway. Norway can and should follow through more strongly the logic of its pioneering use of economic incentives to further sustainability goals.
English, , 47kb
In 2008, the OECD carried out a survey of people's behaviour towards the environment in ten OECD countries and five areas including energy. This article from the OECD Observer provides information on the findings that emerge from this survey in the water area.
English, , 81kb
In 2008, the OECD carried out a survey of people's behaviour towards the environment in ten OECD countries and five areas including energy. This article from the OECD Observer provides information on the findings that emerge from this survey in the energy area.
Sustainable development has a key place in Norway’s policy objectives. Norway can refine its indicators, and extend the use of economic incentives and evaluation in climate change and fisheries policy.
English, , 250kb
Agri-environmental indicators for Norway and data on the environmental performance of Norwegian agriculture. Extract from the publication Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries since 1990 (2008).
Norwegian, , 252kb
Miljøprestasjon i jordbruket i OECD siden 1990 : Norge, nasjonal del