This report discusses the main results of a study on how to reduce air pollution from urban public transport in Kazakhstan. More specifically, it presents the analysis of how to design a green public investment programme in this sector. This sector represents an opportunity for Kazakhstan to address key objectives in its environmental and climate-related policies as part of the country’s ambitions to transit to a green economic path of development. In addition to supporting environmental and climate-related objectives, the programme is designed to support the modernisation of the urban transport fleet in the country as well as stimulate the domestic market to shift to modern buses powered by clean fuels.
The programme is designed to be implemented in two phases: Phase 1 which covers the cities of Kostanay and Shymkent; and Phase 2 which extends the coverage to all major urban centres in Kazakhstan. Two scenarios for the implementation of the second (extended) phase of the programme are developed. Their total cost is estimated to be up to EUR 300 mln. These investments are expected to result in significant air improvement with NOx emissions seeing the greatest decline of up to 2 mln kg/year, whereas CO2 emissions are estimated to decline in an ideal scenario by up to 70 thousand t/year.
There are now 44 adherents to the OECD Declaration on Green Growth. Kazakhstan has joined Costa Rica, Colombia, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Morocco, Peru, Tunisia, as well as OECD members in having adhered to the declaration. Latest reports are now available on Brazil, Zambia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Korea and Latvia.
Workshop on Green Growth Strategy: OECD Green Growth Strategy from the Perspective of Developing Countries, organised in Seoul, 28 October 2010.