This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
A country strongly dependent on natural gas imports, Hungary has taken several commendable steps to manage risks to its supply. It has enhanced storage capacity and diversified cross-border capacity, and is developing new supply routes. Hungary is also working hard to strengthen the regional electricity market through new interconnectors and market coupling.
Electricity demand within Hungary is expected to grow, while generating capacity is rapidly ageing. Investments are needed for grid improvements and generating capacity, both for increasing capacity (especially for low-carbon electricity) and replacing ageing plants. Ensuring predictable and attractive framework conditions for investing in energy infrastructure is crucial.
The government is considering additional nuclear power units. The extent to which nuclear power capacity will be expanded should be clarified without unnecessary delay, as it will have broad implications for the viability of other current and future base-load technologies.
Although per-capita energy consumption in Hungary is well below the OECD average, considerable potential remains for improving energy efficiency across all sectors. Measures to reduce consumption in the large existing building stock should be the governmentfs top priority for energy policy. Gradually, Hungary should also replace broad subsidies for energy use with direct support to those in need.
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Agri-environmental indicators for Hungary and data on the environmental performance of Hungarian agriculture. Extract from the publication Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries since 1990 (2008).
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Links to sites from Hungary on agri-environmental issues.
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Az oecd mezogazdaságának környezetvédelmi hatásai 1990 után: Ország fejezet: magyarország
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This report provides an overview of environmental management practices and the environmental policy framework in Hungarian manufacturing facilities. It is one of seven national reports produced, and is an initial output from the OECD Environment Directorate project on ‘environmental policy tools and firm-level management’.